In one month and three days, Beijing will once again attract the attention of the whole world. On the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, an exciting military parade will be held in Tiananmen Square. This is a historic event to showcase the prosperity of the country and the strength of the people, and a declaration of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Yesterday morning, friends in the capital were fortunate to witness the rehearsal of the air flight for the National Day military parade. When ten formations of various fighter planes jumped over the capital, people were boiling, and WeChat Moments were quickly dominated.

A friend asked me, where is the best place to see the scenery in the capital during the National Day? If it is the National Day to watch the military parade, and you are not invited to Tiananmen Square, then it is the best place to stay honestly in front of the TV and watch the military parade. The live broadcast is full of the most exciting angles and moments.

If you come to Beijing to play during the festival, Jingshan Park is the veritable No. 1 viewing platform in the capital.

Jingshan Park is far away from the Xuanwu Gate of the Palace Museum, only separated by a road. However, the number of people who visit Jingshan Park is less than one-tenth of the number who visit the Forbidden City. Some people say, after walking through the Forbidden City, who still has the strength to climb Jingshan Mountain! There are also people who charge 10 yuan for Jingshan tickets! Others talk about the hanging of Emperor Chongzhen on Jingshan Mountain, bad luck, and so on. As a result, many people missed the best opportunity to enjoy the 360° unobstructed view of Beijing City.

In ancient times, Jingshan gradually formed a hill after diverting from the Yongding River. When the Yaoyu Palace (now Qionghua Island in Beihai Park) was built in the Liao Dynasty, the remaining soil was piled up here. In the 19th year of Dading in the Jin Dynasty, Jin Zhangzong built the Taining Palace on the south side of the site and dug Xihuatan (now Beihai). The hills here piled up higher and higher, and later the Royal Garden was built, called "Beiyuan". It is surrounded by two walls at the foot of the mountain, and Yaoguang Tower is built on the mountain, which is known as one of the twelve scenic spots in Jinzhongdu.

Some people say that Jingshan is a rockery built for Fengshui when the imperial palace in Beijing was built in the Ming Dynasty. This statement is actually wrong, and the hills existed before the Ming Dynasty.

Kublai Khan, the ancestor of the Yuan Dynasty, built Yuan Dadu in the current Beijing city in the fourth year of Zhiyuan (1267). Jingshan is located in the center of the capital city and is located in the north of Yanchun Pavilion, the core building of the imperial palace. Therefore, it was designated as a tourist attraction for the emperor The "back garden". As a result, the function and prelude of "Jingshan" viewing were opened.

There is 80,000 square meters of cultivated land in the garden, and the emperor of Yuan Dynasty once cultivated it here to show the world. And the original Jin Dynasty hill is called "Qingshan", which is the first name of Jingshan.

During the Yongle period, Ming Chengzu Zhu Di built large-scale cities, palaces and gardens in Beijing. According to the saying of "Canglong, Baihu, Suzaku, Xuanwu, the four spirits of the sky, to straighten the four directions", the north of the Forbidden City is the seat of Xuanwu, and there should be mountains. Therefore, the soil excavated from the Tongzi River, Taiye, and South China Sea in the Forbidden City was piled up in the "Green Mountains" to form five peaks, called "Long Live Mountains", which is the second name of Jingshan Mountain.

In 1644, Li Zicheng broke through the city of Beijing, and Emperor Chongzhen hanged himself in Jingshan. In the eighth year of Shunzhi in the Qing Dynasty, Longevity Mountain was renamed Jingshan. The name of Jingshan has three meanings: first, it means tall. In "Poem Yin Wu", there is a sentence "Zhibi Jingshan, Songbai Wanwan", which means that there was a Jingshan in the capital of the Shang Dynasty 3000 years ago; Land; again, it has the meaning of admiration. This name has been used to this day.

Jingshan is located on the central axis of Beijing in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, facing the North Sea in the west and across the street from the Shenwu Gate of the Forbidden City in the south. It was the imperial garden of the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the past, only emperors could come here to appreciate the city of Beijing. Now, you can enjoy the same treatment as emperors for ten yuan. Are you embarrassed to think it is too expensive?

Jingshan is 38.6 meters high and was once the commanding height of Beijing. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the construction of Beijing City has been changing with each passing day. There are many high-rise buildings, the ancient city walls are replaced by high-rise buildings, and the city towers are replaced by overpasses. If you want to enjoy the 360° unobstructed view of the capital, you can only climb high-rise buildings, which is impossible for tourists.

Due to the strict requirements on the height of new buildings around the Forbidden City, Jingshan Park is basically free of any shelter except for the tall trees. Therefore, it is the best viewing platform to appreciate the capital so far, with 360° unobstructed.

Wanchun Pavilion is located at the highest point of Jingshan Mountain, with a relative height of 45.7 meters. It is the highest and best viewing point on the north-south central axis of Beijing.

The Wanchun Pavilion has a yellow glazed tile roof, green glazed tiles trimmed sides, pointed corners, and three-story eaves. The eaves of the first floor are heavy with seven-step dougongs, and the eaves of the second and third floors are heavy with five-step dougongs. There are two grooved pillars, six on each side of the outer layer, twenty in total; four on each side of the inner layer, twelve in total. The platform on the first floor is connected on all sides and has a wide view. This is the viewing platform.

Standing on the Wanchun Pavilion, you can see the magnificent palace complex of the Forbidden City to the south. Through the space of the Hall of Supreme Harmony, Wenhua Hall, and Taimiao, you can see the off-white modern buildings of the National Museum, and the big screen in Tiananmen Square welcoming the National Day has been erected.

The roofs of ancient and modern Chinese and foreign buildings on the central axis are Zhengyang Tower, Chairman Mao Memorial Hall, Monument to the People's Heroes, Tiananmen Square, the Palace of Supreme Harmony, and the Hall of Preserving Harmony. The yellow color of classical buildings symbolizes the color of the highest imperial power in Chinese feudal society. .

It is estimated that the highest-level roof ridge of ancient Chinese architecture appears in one picture and can only be appreciated here. Double eaves hipped roof, single eaves hipped roof. Xieshan style, double eaves or single eaves. The ridge of each style is the essence and highest level of ancient Chinese architecture.

The Chuxiu Palace, Changchun Palace, Yongshou Palace, Taiji Palace, etc. on the west side are connected by high palace walls. This is the place where imperial concubines are most likely to have palace fights.

Yuhua Pavilion is a Tantric Buddhist hall of Tibetan Buddhism built by Emperor Qianlong in the Forbidden City. It is a pavilion-style building with three floors on the outside, with a pattern of "three bright and four dark". A gilded copper dragon stands on each of the four ridges, which is the symbol of the building, and it is also the four golden dragons that can only be seen in Jingshan. The modern building in the background is the office building of a special institution outside the Forbidden City.

The turrets of the Forbidden City are the most beautiful buildings in the Forbidden City. Compared with the majestic and majestic Hall of Supreme Harmony, the turrets are more beautiful and aura. The turrets of the Forbidden City are known as the most photographed buildings in the Forbidden City, especially the turrets in the northwest and northeast corners. They are the best camera positions for shooting sunrise and sunset. Beijing film lovers have 365 days of special shooting turrets, and their perseverance is amazing. admire. But if you take a picture of the northwest corner building from a bird's-eye view, you can only get the view if you come to Jingshan.

Standing on Jingshan Mountain and looking southwest, there is a pool of sparkling lake water, and green, yellow glazed tiles and gray tiled Chinese-style buildings are surrounded by green trees. This is Zhongnanhai.

Looking east from the Wanchun Pavilion, there are layers of modern buildings. The tallest and most distinctive in the distance is the new CCTV building, which is nicknamed "big pants" by the people of Beijing.

These high-rise buildings seem to be much shorter here, and most of them are on the edge of the second, third and fourth rings in Chaoyang District, becoming the landmarks of the new Beijing.

Green trees, ancient buildings, modern high-rise buildings, there are not many angles that appear on one screen and one horizontal line, which can only be photographed in Jingshan.

Moving to the north of the central axis, the yellow glazed tile building that catches the eye is very eye-catching. It was called the Shouhuang Palace in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and it was specially used as a place for the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties to rest, store portraits, and worship ancestors.

After liberation, Shouhuangdian used to be the office and activity place of Beijing Children's Palace for a long time. Ten years ago, it officially returned to Jingshan Park.

The scale of the Shouhuangdian complex is very large, with a four-column and nine-story archway on the east, west and south sides. There are palace gates, side halls, well pavilions, sacrifice pavilions, shrines, and so on. And once stored a large number of relics of the former emperor and a large number of paintings and other cultural relics.

After the Eight-Power Allied Forces occupied Beijing in 1900, Navy Captain Pierre Loti (Pierre Loti) came to Shouhuangdian when he was looking for a residence for French Major General Frey. Later, the French army occupied the Shouhuang Palace and used it as the headquarters. Pierre Loti wrote in his diary (Lesdernierjours de Pekin, Chinese name "The Last Days in Beijing"): "October 23, 1900, Tuesday, Beijing. When I pushed open the heavy door of Shouhuang Palace, inside It was pitch black. In the great hall I opened a dusty chest containing the seals of a hundred kings. They were made of a single block of onyx, jade, or gold." A few days later, Commander Frey He led his troops here, and Kazuma Ogawa, a Japanese military reporter, took photos of him and his subordinates beside the bronze deer in the Palace of Shouhuang. According to the ancestral system of the Qing Dynasty, the statues and seals of the late emperor and his concubines must be enshrined in the Shouhuang Hall. French major general Frey and his subordinates looted it.

Going beyond the Shouhuang Hall and continuing to look north along the central axis, there are two ancient buildings with green roofs, which are the Bell and Drum Towers.

The two buildings of the Bell and Drum Tower are placed vertically in the front and back, majestic and majestic. It is the time-telling center of the capitals of Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the history of bell and drum towers in all cities in the country, Beijing Bell and Drum Tower has the largest scale and the highest shape.

Jumping over the Bell and Drum Tower and looking northward, there is a pile of modern buildings that look like nails. This is the observation tower located in the Olympic Forest Park. After the watchtower was built, many people thought it was used to light the Olympic torch, but the result was really unexpected.

Looking north, you can see the rolling Yanshan Mountains.

Moving westward from the Nail Tower, a building resembling a torch is very eye-catching. This is the Pangu Grand View. It is located in the core area of ​​Yaao. In 2008, the opening price of the apartment was 150,000 per square meter, setting a record for the upstart real estate prices in Beijing that year.

Pangu Grand View is only 150 meters away from the Water Cube, and less than 800 meters away from the Bird's Nest Stadium. The location is very advantageous. Its design concept is to effectively integrate the 5,000-year-old Chinese dragon totem with the essence of Chinese traditional culture. With the 192-meter-high office building as the head of the dragon, three international apartments and a seven-star hotel extend from south to north for nearly 700 meters. meters, making the whole building look like a giant snow-white dragon.

In the past two years, amidst the central government's anti-corruption turmoil, it was the behind-the-scenes transactions of political and business elites that once again brought Pangu Grand View to people's attention. Just last week, the "Dragon Head" of Pangu Grand View was auctioned, setting a real estate price of 5.187 billion yuan.

Moving from the north central axis to the west side, a white tower can be seen in the distance, and the building like a lightning rod in the farthest distance is the CCTV color TV tower. The White Pagoda is built on Qionghua Island in Beihai Park and is the symbol of Beihai Park. To the south of the North Sea, there are two small waters connected by the Zhonghai and the South China Sea.

In the northwest corner of Beihai, there are three buildings nicknamed "big insoles" by Beijingers. This is Xihuan Plaza. It is located in Xizhimen of the old Beijing city, where Beijing Metro Lines 2, 4 and 13 intersect underground. On the ground is the Beijing North Railway Station in the direction of Inner Mongolia and Yanqing. The most famous here is the Xizhimen Overpass, which has produced many funny jokes.

The tallest building in the northeast corner of Xihuan Island Square is the China Aluminum Building. It was such a lonely high-rise building more than ten years ago, and it is still so lonely ten years later. It can be seen that the modern architectural complexes and landmark buildings in Beijing are mainly located in the eastern CBD area of ​​Beijing, and the economic and cultural life of the eastern city is obviously much higher than that of the western city.

Many foreign self-guided tourists like to come to Jingshan, the first platform for panoramic views. They say that they prefer to come here to see the Forbidden City from a different angle after seeing the Forbidden City, and to see Beijing city from a full angle.

There are five peak pavilions in sequence on Jingshan Mountain, namely Guanmiao Pavilion, Zhoushang Pavilion, Wanchun Pavilion, Fulan Pavilion, and Jifang Pavilion. Among them, Wanchun Pavilion at the highest point is the best, with no dead angle and no shelter in the 360° circle. , and now it is the first viewing platform in the capital belonging to the common people.

A friend asked me, if it is the latest time for the "October" to come here to feel the atmosphere of the military parade, then of course. But I estimate that the commanding height of Jingshan will be closed, and even Jingshan Front Street, Wenjin Street, and Wusi Street may be closed. Therefore, it is better to find a place with a TV, or watch live broadcasts on mobile phones. Now that the 5G era has arrived, those who have opened up first will be able to enjoy smoother information services this time.

But, then again, if on the "October" day, if you can stand at the place where the emperors admired the capital seven hundred years ago, set up a tripod, set up a camera, and drag the colorful fighter jets when they jump over the Forbidden City Smoke, is it worth spending 2 yuan or 10 yuan for this moment and shooting?

It is also beautiful to meet, and the dust is already falling.

This picture and text are original by the author @官子旅行. It is not easy to take pictures and code words, and they are not allowed to be reproduced or commercialized without permission.