2-day self-driving tour in Fangshan District, Beijing on June 19, 2021

At 7 am on June 19, 2021, our husband and wife set off from Tianjin on time, drove to the Peking Man Site Museum in Zhoukoudian, Fangshan District, Beijing, and arrived at 9:15. Enter at 9:20 and leave at 10:10. The museum is not big, and the exhibitions are average. After we came out, we walked to the Heritage Park, which is 500 meters apart. There is a charge for parking in the heritage park, and free parking in the museum. In fact, there are many free parking spaces on both sides of the road outside. The ruins park is still very good, it is a small hill, and it took 1.5 hours to play the whole way, and there are caves at the original excavation site. After coming out, we drove to Yunju Temple and arrived at 13:10. Yunju Temple closed at 4:00 p.m., and began to clear around 15:40. At 13:30, we began to follow the explanation all the way, and it took 1 hour to explain a circle. At first, we planned to go to Shijing Mountain next to it. Shijing Mountain is not allowed to go up the mountain after 3 pm. I heard that it takes 2 hours to go up and down Shijing Mountain. So, we canceled our original plan and watched Yunju Temple again, and we didn't come out until the scene was cleared. Afterwards, we drove to Shangfang Mountain, which was also not allowed to go up the mountain after 4 pm, so we decided to stay in the farmhouse on the spot. Shangfang Mountain is at the east gate, Yunshui Cave is at the west gate, and there are a large number of farmhouses near Yunshui Cave. The next day, we took the cable car up the mountain from Yunshui Cave on time at 8:30, and we were the first tourists to enter Yunshui Cave that day. We walked down the mountain, and did not take the cable car up the mountain. The ladder is actually only 262 steps, not much difficulty. We went down to the upper mountain pass at 12:20, and we played for almost 4 hours. It is very cool in the mountains. Tips: If you stay in a local farmhouse, you can enjoy discounts on parking and cable car fares. We drove to Nanjiao Shuiyu Village around 12:50. Arrive at 14:20. We didn't know at first that we parked the car in the central square (village committee), but we could actually drive all the way to the reservoir above, but we walked up it on foot, and the reservoir is not big. When we got down, we took a car from a kind person, which saved us the hard work of walking. Nanjiao Shuiyu Village is mainly an ancient village to play with, and it is entered from the small entrance of the supermarket. This village is also average, not as distinctive as the few stone villages we have visited before. We set off from the local area at 16:10 and returned home safely at 19:00. The whole journey was 462 kilometers. The gas stations around Beijing have no discounts at all, and they are not cheap.

The first day, Tianjin - Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site Museum - Yunju Temple - Yunshui Cave, live in Yunshui Cave Farmhouse on the day

The next day, Yunshui Cave - Shangfangshan - Nanjiao Shuiyu Village - Tianjin

The following are the strategies I made before the trip, for reference only.

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Relics Museum 4A, No. 1 Zhoukoudian Street, Zhoukoudian Town, southwest of Fangshan District, Beijing, is a scenic spot built from Zhoukoudian Peking Man Relics, mainly museums, relic parks and natural scenery. The scenic spot is about 50 kilometers away from the center of Beijing by car, suitable for tourists who love history. Peak season: 09:00-16:00 (April 1st-October 10th) Off-season: 09:00-15:30 (October 11th-March 31st of the following year) There are two games for the audience every day in the museum Obligatory explanation service,

The scenic spot is now mainly divided into two parts. One is a museum, which shows the life scenes and development history of "Beijingers" through text, pictures, fossils, bones and cultural relics excavated from many ruins, as well as movies and interactive games, which can be visited and played one by one.

The other part is the ruins park, just behind the museum, is a hill, along the way you can see some cave ruins, and you can watch the living environment of primitive people at the entrance of the cave. In addition, the scenery along the way is also good, there are small canyons, waterfalls, etc., as well as the viewing platform on the top of the mountain, you can take a look around. It takes about 1.5-2 hours to complete the whole process.

(It is recommended to go up and down by cable car, Shangfangshan 3A, Yunshui Cave 3A, Yunju Temple 4A) Fangfangshan Forest Park 3A is 70 kilometers away from Beijing. It is famous for its strange mountains, dense forests, secluded caves and ancient temples. The landscape in Shangfangshan Forest Park not only includes the famous "Nine Caves and Twelve Peaks", but also the Seventy-two Buddhist Temples headed by "Doushii Temple". scenic area. There are rare primary secondary forests and dozens of ancient and famous trees in North China. It was called "Yan Aoshi" in history and enjoys the reputation of "Suzhou and Hangzhou in the south and Shangshang in the north".

The park covers an area of ​​more than 5,300 mu, and is full of rare trees and rare flowers. There are more than 100 kinds of medicinal plants alone; Polygonatum, Jujube, and Chinese toon are the three specialties of Fangfang Mountain, known as the "Three Treasures"; . Shangfang Mountain is a famous religious mountain, and you can reach Tushita Temple only by climbing the ladder composed of 262 cliff stone steps. Other major scenic spots include Yidou Spring, Wanghai Nunnery, Tibetan Scripture Pavilion and so on.

The main peak is 860 meters above sea level, with a total area of ​​340 hectares, a forest coverage rate of over 90%, and 625 plant species. Shangfangshan has a Buddhist cultural history of 2,000 years. It is a comprehensive complex integrating nature, Buddhism and caves. National Park.

The west gate of Shangfangshan Yunshui Cave is on the west side of Shangfangshan National Forest Park, and you can only go up and down by cable car. Overlooking the surrounding boulders in the cable car, the landscape is very beautiful. It takes five minutes to get off the cable car. When going down the mountain, you can walk down the mountain from the upper Shandong Gate. There are so many steps, it is best to take the cable car

You must take a shuttle bus from the east gate. It is recommended to take a car up the mountain from Yunshui Cave (50 yuan per person), and go down the mountain from the upper mountain, a big circle. Ximen can't go down the mountain on foot. If you don't take the cable car, you can only turn back. Take the cable car from the Shandong Gate above (30 yuan per person) just to cross the ladder and the densely packed section of stairs. After the cable car comes down, there is still 3600 meters away from Yunshui Cave. The road is relatively easy to walk, there are no dense stairs. If so, the whole hike may take more than 4 hours. After leaving the west gate, you can take F15 (3 stops) to return to the east gate.

Yunju Temple 4A is located in Fangshan District, Beijing, about 70 kilometers away from the city center by car. It was built in the late Sui Dynasty and early Tang Dynasty. It was originally named "Zhiquan Temple" and later renamed "Yunju Temple". Since ancient times, people have engraved scriptures on the stone slabs of Yunju Temple, and the small mountain Shijing Mountain behind the temple is named after this. Today's Yunju Temple is a resort for worshiping Buddha and praying for blessings, and the incense here is very prosperous. The vividness is the body Buddha relic found in the temple. Many pilgrims come here to pay their respects and pray for themselves and their relatives. To offer incense in the temple, you need to buy incense in the temple, which is about 10 yuan. There is an exhibition room for stone scriptures on the hill behind Yunju Temple, and some of them are still on display in the underground palace. You can walk around and watch the stone scriptures at will. In addition, there is a thousand-year-old ancient pagoda on the back mountain, which was built in the Tang Dynasty. It is full of vicissitudes and is suitable for photography. 09:00-16:00 all year round

Yunju Temple is one of the first batch of key cultural relics protection units in the country and a national AAAA-level tourist attraction. The Giant Buddha and Yunju Ancient Clock attract tens of thousands of tourists every year. The sculptures in the Tang Pagoda cave in the tenth year of Kaiyuan are so beautiful! And there are Buddhas on three sides of its coupon hole! Most of the other three small Tang pagodas have stone carvings on only one side of the coupon cave! Jiyue, rolled leaf shape, lotus petals are very clear. Some are still painted. The four marble towers around the North Tower are from the Tang Dynasty.

Yunju Temple is located at the foot of Baidai Mountain in Fangshan District, Beijing, 70 kilometers away from the city center. Yunju Temple was first built in the fifth year of Zhenguan in Tang Dynasty (631). After repairs in successive dynasties, five courtyards and six halls were formed. In 1942, it was bombed and destroyed by the Japanese invading army. After liberation, it underwent two large-scale restorations. Yunju Temple retains a large volume of stone, paper and wood scriptures, especially famous for its 14,278 stone scriptures. During the Daye period of Emperor Yangdi of the Sui Dynasty (605-618), Jing Wan, a monk of Zhiquan Temple in Zhuoxian County, Youzhou, followed the teacher’s training and started the stone scriptures engraving business in Baidai Mountain. end. The stone scriptures are hidden in nine stone caves on Shijing Mountain and in the crypt southwest of Yunju Temple. In the 1980s, two red body relics were unearthed in Leiyin Cave of Shijing Mountain. Commonly known as Xiaoxitian. 450 meters above sea level. This is not only the origin of Fangshan stone scriptures, but also the place where Buddha relics were unearthed. The 4196 stone scriptures of the Sui and Tang Dynasties are national treasures, and there are many historical relics represented by Leiyin Cave and Jinxian Princess Pagoda. What to visit in Yunju Temple: 1. Respecting the Buddha, Yunju Temple has monks and abbots. 2. Reading scriptures. Yunju Temple is related to the publication of Buddhist scriptures. The most famous one is the stone scriptures (the original site of the stone scriptures is in Shijing Mountain). There are also paper scriptures, wooden board scriptures, and aluminum scriptures. There are special physical exhibitions and introductions. 3. To pay homage to the relic of the Buddha, it is said that it was discovered from under the stone pagoda on Shijing Mountain. It is enshrined in Yunju Temple, and you can pay close attention to it. 4. Look at the buildings, especially the stone towers, of different ages. There are also four Tang pagodas around it—the stone sculptures in the niches still exist. Among them, Jingyun Ernian Pagoda, built in 711 AD, is the oldest known ancient pagoda in the capital.

Yunju Temple was first built in the fifth year of Zhenguan in Tang Dynasty (631) by the monk Jing Wan. During the period of Emperor Shengzong of Liao Dynasty (983-1011 A.D.), five courtyards and six halls were formed, which were repaired in Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Yunju Temple is famous for its stone scriptures, paper scriptures, and wooden scriptures. There are two Liao towers facing each other in the north and south of the temple. The south tower is also called the scripture storage tower. The North Pagoda is a brick relic pagoda of the Liao Dynasty, also known as the "Arhat Pagoda". It was built in the Tianqing period of the Liao Dynasty (1111-1120). It is more than 30 meters high. The form is one, and the shape is very special.

Gushanzhai Scenic Area is located in Qidu Village, named after three isolated peaks. There are many geological wonders in Shidu Gushanzhai, which are the concentrated expression of Shidu's geological changes over millions of years. Shidu Gushanzhai is a well-known grand canyon in Shidu Scenic Area, about 10 kilometers deep. Stepping into the canyon, there are many peaks and jagged rocks on both sides. The further you go in, the steeper the mountains, the narrower the canyon, the lusher the vegetation and the more beautiful the scenery. The flowers in the canyon bloom continuously all year round, and the fragrance is charming. Roaming in the lonely mountain village, you can enjoy the wind moving in the forest, the insects singing among the stones, the green mountains appearing, and the sweet spring moistening the sound of the piano. Every step in Shidugu Mountain Village has beautiful scenery, and the four seasons are picturesque. In early spring, the mountain flowers are in full bloom; in summer, the greenery is dripping, and the springs are gushing, and the temperature here does not exceed 25 degrees Celsius; The tourism resources here are endowed with unique resources, such as "a line of sky", the legend of "cutting the mountain to save the mother" that has been passed down through the ages happened here, and there are also "welcoming guests at the mountain gate", "bathing in the pool for fairies", "Jiulong bouldering", "five old peaks" , "Eternal Riverbed", "Xishintan", "Stone Among Stones", "Yinchuan Ice Valley", "Xi Shui Pond", "Gequan Guliu" and other landscapes. Eyes are full of pleasing strange stone wonders. 08:00-17:00 all year round.

(It is not recommended to sit) The battery car in the scenic spot ends at the fork, and the driving distance is about 800 meters. Even if it is calculated from the outside of the gate, it does not exceed 1km. It is ¥10 per person, and you can bargain for ¥5. It's only a 5 minute walk. On the way to the toilet. At the end of the battery car, there are two roads at the door, one goes to the waterfalls, and the other is a line of sky. I must choose the first-line sky. I climbed all the way along the thousand-year-old river bed. I can see the Xiaogu Mountain, the thousand-year-old vines and the highlights. The first-line sky is known as the largest one-line sky in North China. It is really long and deep. After climbing the mountain for half a day, you can By the way, cool off! Going forward, there is Xiaogu Mountain, where tourists stop, you can take a rest or have a meal here, but it is a bit sunny at noon. Or go further, there is a pavilion, the scenery is very good. The highlights are the eternal riverbed and a ray of sky. The mountain is not high, and climbing is not very tiring, but the stone mountain is a bit hard. It is best to bring a walking stick to protect the joints. There is a group of waterfalls on the other road at the entrance. Time is limited. I didn't go inside. I took a picture at the entrance. It is said that it is also an artificial waterfall. Don't go out when you get back to the gate, there is a chain bridge at the gate worth visiting.

Zhangfang Ancient Battle Road is located in Zhangfang Village, Zhangfang Town, Fangshan District, Beijing. It is an ancient battle road (tunnel) built during the reign of Emperor Zhenzong of the Northern Song Dynasty. The battle path is 4 meters deep from the ground, with a blue brick structure, 2 meters wide, and 2-3 meters high. The ground is made of blue bricks. There are running water tanks and water tanks on the sides, lamps on the walls, and ventilation holes on the top. On both sides of the tunnel, there are Tibetan military rooms with a width of about 2 meters, and there are earth kangs in the room. The ancient battle road extends in all directions underground, with twists and turns, leading to the four gate towers of the ancient town. The initial detection is 1500 meters, and more than 400 meters have been discovered and restored. During the confrontation between Song and Liao, due to the excellent military performance of the ancient warfare, which can fight and defend, the Liao army of the Youzhou generation concentrated on defending and could not go south. The military performance of the ancient warfare in the Ming Dynasty was further brought into play. During the Hongwu period of the Ming Dynasty, the nobles of the Yuan Dynasty fled to Mobei, Mongolia, but from time to time they went south to violate the border. The ancient battle road became a military fortress for the Ming army to fight against Mongolia. According to the records of Fangshan County: "Seventy miles southwest of the county, the third-floor door of the north building of Zhangfang Street faces south, and the height can be several feet. The lower floor is empty, and it is very dark. There is a tunnel to the northwest about two miles to the Ren's family grave. According to folklore Ren is the elder of the pavilion. There is a well at the turning point halfway from the lower floor to the middle floor. According to legend, there is a sword mountain and sword tree in the well. Zhangfang not only has the ancient city, the ancient town building, but also the ancient tower of Daliao Tianqing, which is in harmony with the iron lock cliff of the Juma River and the mountainside of Sun Bin. Zhenjiang Yingta, Zhaota, etc. line up together to welcome tourists from all over the world and share the profound Chinese civilization. It was discovered in 1991, and now it has been repaired and opened to the public. It is more than 400 meters long. The tunnel is relatively spacious, and it is very cool in summer. Even on weekends There are not many tourists, and the ticket is 45 yuan.

Dougezhuang Pagoda is located in the west of Dougezhuang Village, Qinglonghu Town, Fangshan District, Beijing. It was built in the Ming Dynasty. The ancient pagoda sits west and faces east, with a height of about 15 meters. It is an octagonal brick pagoda with dense eaves. There are three layers of brick-carved lotus petals on the top of Xumizuo, and the eight-sided brick-carved wheels, snails, umbrellas, covers, flowers, pots, fish and intestines. The images of the eight treasures are not realistic due to severe weathering. Except for the arched rolling door on the front, the other sides are brick-carved imitation wood doors and windows. A major feature of this ancient pagoda is the use of many lotus flowers as decorations: the entire pagoda is supported by three layers of lotus flowers on the base, and the center of each two-story eaves is decorated with upward and downward symmetrical lotus petals, which are then capped with lotus flowers, which is very delicate. beautiful. Now the whole tower is basically intact, and devout believers often come here to worship. open all day, free

Nanjiao Shuiyu Village is located in Nanjiao Township, Fangshan District, 80 kilometers southwest of Beijing, 8 kilometers away from National Highway 108.

Yijiao Township, Shuiyu Village is 52 kilometers away, and 10 kilometers away from the original Yingu Cave area of ​​the National Shihuadong Geopark. There are currently 436 villagers with a population of 1,031. Among them: 141 households. The population is 295; the village branch is made up of 5 people; the village committee is made up of 3 people; There are 57 party members in the village, with an average age of 61 years old. In 2003, the total economic income of the village was 16.19 million yuan, of which: collective income was 290,000 yuan, self-employment income was 15.9 million yuan, and per capita labor income was 3,980 yuan. The cultivated land area of ​​the whole village is 1714 mu, of which: 1528 mu of farmland is returned to forestry, and the fruit trees of returned farmland are mainly chestnut and persimmon. A total of 45,840 young trees were planted, and 19,730 original adult fruit trees, including 8,000 persimmon trees, 11,500 walnut trees, and 230 chestnut trees. There is another 4380 mu of forest, among which: Shuiquanbei forest still maintains its original form, which has a certain value of tourism development.

Shuiyu Village is a village in a deep mountain area. The whole village is distributed along a northwest-southeast gully rock. The terrain is high in the southwest and low in the northeast, with an average altitude of 500-800 meters. A 100,000 cubic meter reservoir is built in the south of the village, with water in all seasons; three wells with abundant water sources; tap water enters the street for drinking by humans and animals. A water diversion pipeline of 4,500 meters was built around the mountain to irrigate young trees with water from the reservoir. The nature of the village is well maintained. What is particularly valuable is that there are still 600 houses and more than 100 sets of courtyard houses in the Ming and Qing Dynasties located on the gentle slope in the east of the village, and they are relatively complete. An S-shaped ancient road made of bluestone runs through the whole village. The village is in a circular shape, facing south and north, and built on the mountain, forming a unique architectural style. The representative buildings include the Yang Family Courtyard, Wengmen, and Niangniang Temple. Wait.

The Yang Family Courtyard is called "Landlord Courtyard" by the villagers. Located in the west mountain of Shuiyu, it was first built during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. The main building is based on the northern style and is made of stone. The pattern is four in and four out; Stone drums stand on both sides. Wengmen refers to the bridge opening of Dongweng Bridge in the village. There is a white stone carved on it with the word "Ningshui" on it, which means that Wengqiao can be used to drive water and calm the flood. In addition, the village is also a folk cultural tourism village named by the Beijing Municipal Tourism Administration. This year, in order to develop the tourism economy, the village invested more than 500,000 yuan and placed 128 stone mills in the village to reproduce the ancient folk culture of the mountain village.

There are quite a lot of ancient villages in the suburbs of Beijing. Most people can think of "Cuandixia" village, or Qingshui Village, which became popular because of where Dad went. But compared with these two gradually commercialized villages, Shuiyu Village is the real one. Although the ancient village has been listed and re-planned, it is not commercialized at all. In 2012, it won the title of "The Most Beautiful Village in Beijing", and was included in the first batch of "List of Traditional Chinese Ancient Villages" in the same year. There are many elements: ancient houses, ancient mills, stone slabs, ancient trees, wooden doors, stone walls... There is no direct access to the expressway, most of them take Jingkun Road. Parking guide: There is a parking lot at the village committee, which is relatively spacious and not far from the scenic spot. Arrangement: Starting from the village committee, a small river divides the village into the east side and the west side. There are more scenic spots on the east side of the small river, such as the famous stone mill, slate people’s noodles, Shuanma stone, building platform, etc. Little uphill all the way. In the navigation, you must search for the Shuiyu Village Folk Tourist Village, because there are Shangshuiyu Village and Xiashuiyu Village, this one in Nanjiao Township can be visited, and the play time is recommended to be 2~2.5 hours

Shuiyu Village, the village was formed in the early Ming Dynasty, and there are still more than 100 sets of well-preserved, simple and vicissitudes of old courtyard houses in the whole mountain village. Settled in the mountain village, you can hear the crowing of chickens and the barking of dogs in the morning, and the fragrance of birds and flowers. After tasting the farmhouse meals in the mountains, you can go to the old houses and courtyards in the village to catch up with the villagers' rehearsal program, and you can also stand and cheer and enjoy it. There are three biggest attractions in Shuiyu Village: ancient houses, ancient mills, and ancient banners. The first impression of the ancient village is that it is a stone village, and the entire mountain village is full of stones. Stone roads, stone houses, stone rollers, and courtyard walls made of stones. In this stone village, many houses that are no longer smoked and smoked still remain. Strolling in the ancient houses soaked in time and years, people seem to have traveled through the tunnel of time and space, and are in the quiet and isolated ancient times. Stone mills of different ages can be seen in every corner of the village. The villagers told us that there are 128 stone mills in the whole village, and the stone mills can still be seen working to crush corn. Regardless of the appearance of the stone mills, if you look closely, the subtleties are really different, and the era of each plate of mills is also different. Playing Zhongfan has reached its peak in this ancient village. Playing the banner was originally a folk activity in the past to pray for rain and happiness. The villagers of Shuiyu Village gradually evolved this activity into a collective performance, which was passed down from generation to generation, making it an intangible cultural heritage of Beijing, which can be seen every day in the village Villagers rehearse for a performance.

Wanfotang is built on the mountain. Wanfotang Village, Hebei Town, Fangshan District, at the entrance of North Banbidian Village, has 3 halls, which are green brick and beamless halls. The hall was first built in the Tang Dynasty. It used to be called "Dali Temple", and now it is called "Dali Wanfo Longquan Palace". It was rebuilt during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty. On the wall of the hall, there is a huge relief sculpture of 23.08 meters long and 2.47 meters high carved from 31 pieces of white marble in the fifth year of the Tang Dynasty. The figures have different expressions and are lifelike. Relief art treasures. Below the Wanfo Hall is a naturally formed karst cave - Kongshui Cave. There is a spring in the cave, the water is turbulent, and its source is unfathomable. One of the eight scenic spots in Fangshan, "Kongshui floating boat" refers to this place. There are inscriptions at the entrance of the cave, and there are carved scriptures and stone Buddha statues from the Sui and Tang Dynasties on the rock wall inside the cave. In 1982, Kongshui Cave dried up for a time, and seven small golden dragons were unearthed during dredging, which added mystery to the cave. Under the Wanfo Hall is the famous Kongshui Cave, which is a huge cave developed in the Ordovician limestone area. There are springs in the cave and the water is turbulent. The four fronts of the octagonal tower are built with coupon doors, and the south door can enter the tower's ventricle. The remaining three sides are false doors, and there are relief statues of Bodhisattvas and warriors on the outer wall of the tower.