Stroll through Taoranting

On a warm and sunny day in winter, I came to Taoranting Park for a walk and enjoyed a pleasant leisure time.

Taoranting Park is located in Xicheng District, Beijing, and is a national AAAA-level tourist attraction. Built in 1952, it is a historical and cultural tourist attraction that integrates classical architecture and modern gardening art, and highlights the "pavilion culture" of the Chinese nation as its main content.
The park covers an area of ​​590,000 square meters, including 170,000 square meters of water. There is Cibei Nunnery (a key cultural relic protection unit in Beijing) in the park, which is an ancient temple built in the Yuan Dynasty. In the thirty-fourth year of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1695), Jiang Zao, a doctor of the Ministry of Industry who was the supervisor of the kiln factory at that time, built a pavilion in the garden of Cibei Nunnery, and took the poet Bai Juyi of the Tang Dynasty "Wait for the chrysanthemum and yellow home brew to be ripe, and the king will be drunk and intoxicated. "The poetic meaning of "Tao Ran" is the title of the pavilion. It is a famous pavilion in the Qing Dynasty and one of the four famous pavilions in my country. The name of the park is also derived from it.
The center of the park is a ring-shaped lake, and the center is the island in the center of the lake, which is where Taoranting and Cibei Nunnery are located. In addition to the lake area and the island in the center of the lake, the circular lake is divided into three parts: East Lake, West Lake and South Lake by three bridges on the lake. In summer, you can go boating on the lake, and in winter, there will be an artificial ice and snow field on the lake, where you can skate on the lake, play snow circle, etc.

In the park, there are Shengchun Mountain House Scenic Area, Huaxia Famous Pavilion Scenic Area, Taoran Jiajing Scenic Area, Tanyingliujin Scenic Area and other unique scenic spots, as well as a children's play area.

Taoranting Park East Gate

Taoranting Park Guide Map

people exercising in the park

Tanyingliujin Scenic Spot is bleak and there are few tourists in winter.

Fallen leaves, trees, corridors and tourists bring some vitality and agility to this place.

The corridors in the forest are paved with gray tiles to show the vicissitudes of life.

The winding corridors, dotted with strange stones, are leisurely and comfortable, and there is no shortage of beauty in winter.

There is never a shortage of exercise and fun in the park.

The Yuhong Bridge connecting the island in the center of the lake.

The kite-flying people on the Yuhong Bridge never get tired of it.

Magpie miniature kite.

Panda miniature kite.

Harrier eagle miniature kite.

After passing the Yuhong Bridge is the island in the center of the lake---Taoran Jiajing Scenic Spot. Aiwan Pavilion is located in Yuelu Mountain, Changsha, Hunan. It was built in the fifty-seventh year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1792) by Luo Dian, the dean of Yuelu Academy. Later, it was renamed "Aiwan Pavilion" according to Du Mei's "Mountain Journey", taking the poetic meaning of "stop and sit in the maple forest at night, and the frost leaves are red in February flowers". The Aiwan Pavilion has gone through many vicissitudes, among which Hunan University was rebuilt in 1952, and the president Li Da wrote a letter to ask Chairman Mao to inscribe the "Aiwan Pavilion" on the pavilion. Taoranting Park was imitated in 1986.

Xiehu Bridge There are two archways of "Jiajing" and "Taoran" at both ends of the bridge. They were originally two archways on East and West Chang'an Streets, both of which are of wooden structure, with three rooms, four columns and three floors. The columns are all in the form of Tongtian columns (cuppy columns), and each side of the column is supported by stilts. The two archways are respectively embedded with "Chang'an Street" plaques. In the early 1950s, the Beijing Municipal Government decided to demolish the two archways. In order to protect the two archways, Premier Zhou specially instructed them to be relocated to Taoranting Park. It was demolished during the "Cultural Revolution" and then restored to its original appearance, but the plaque "Chang'an Street" was changed to "Jiajing" and "Taoran".

Sculptures of martyr Gao Junyu, a well-known activist in the early days of the party, and his ex-girlfriend Shi Pingmei. There is also the cemetery of martyr Gao Junyu and his ex-girlfriend Shi Pingmei on the island in the middle of the lake. The love story between Gao Junyu and Shi Pingmei is widely circulated. It is known as Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai during the Republic of China. Later generations call their tombs "Gaoshi's Tomb".

The prototype of the Standing Together Pavilion is taken from the Shadi Pavilion in Anhui. In 1991, a catastrophic flood occurred in Anhui Province. In order to thank the people of the whole country for their selfless donations, the Shadi Pavilion was specially copied in Taoranting Park in Beijing, and named "Taiwan in the Same Boat Pavilion", which means to praise the spirit of national unity when one side is in trouble and all sides support it. The Shadi Pavilion was built in the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty. This pavilion has a unique form, with three floors up and down, hollow, with a corridor on it. Viewed from different angles, each plane is octagonal, so it is also called "Octagonal Pavilion".

The Temple of Mercy is located in the southwest corner of Huxin Island. Built in the Yuan Dynasty, also known as Guanyin Nunnery, it has a history of more than 700 years. Its mountain gate faces east, and the layout of the whole building is rigorous, magnificent and solemn. The three open pavilions on the west side of the temple are Taoranting Pavilions. It was built here by Jiang Zao, a doctor of the Ministry of Industry in the 34th year of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1695 A.D.). The meaning of "Tao Ran" is called "Tao Ran". The total area of ​​Cibei Nunnery is 2,700 square meters, and the total building area is more than 800 square meters. The main buildings in the nunnery include Shanmen, Guanyin Hall, Zhunti Hall, Wenchang Pavilion, Taoranting Pavilion, South Hall, West Hall, North Hall, etc. Existing ancient cultural relics include stone buildings of the Liao Dynasty, stone buildings of the Jin Dynasty, stone carvings of "Tao Ran Ting Yin", "Tao Ran Ting Ji" stone carvings, "Tao Ran" plaques, "Tao Ran Ting Xiaoji" poetry carvings, etc.

The east side of the Temple of Mercy on the high platform.

The old locust tree in front of the mountain gate of Cibei Nunnery

A hundred years ago, Comrade Mao Zedong (fourth from left) took a group photo with his colleagues in front of the ancient locust tree at the gate of the Temple of Mercy.

The gate of the Temple of Mercy.

The situation inside the mountain gate.

On the south side of the mountain gate is the Zhunti Palace. The Zhunti Hall faces south and faces north, opposite to the Guanyin Hall. "Zhunti" is a transliteration of Sanskrit, meaning pure. Zhunti Hall was originally dedicated to Zhunti and other three Bodhisattvas. The hall couplet is: "All beings are blessed by the rain of dharma; the golden wheel and the treasure cover and the two precepts are ever bright." (Now it is the special exhibition room of the party's early revolutionary activities)

On the north side of the mountain gate is the Guanyin Hall. Guanyin Hall is the main hall of Cibei Nunnery. In the 43rd year of Kangxi, the forehead of the hall was "Da Zizai". In the 28th year of Daoguang, the forehead of the temple was changed to: "Free and impressive".

The twenty-three years of Guangxu (1897) stone inscription of "The Inscription on the Restoration of the Charity House of Heiyaochang"

Wenchang Pavilion faces south, with 3 rooms wide (8.1 meters), 1 room deep (4.4 meters), about 10 meters high, with a total construction area of ​​83.28 square meters. There is a small square pavilion in front of the pavilion.

On the east side of Taoranting. The plaque of "Tao Ran Pavilion" was inscribed by Qi Baishi. The first couplet of the couplet: No one came to the ancient temple of Yanzang; It was written by Weng Tonghe, the teacher of Emperor Guangxu.

Taoranting interior. The plaque of "Tao Ran" is inscribed by Jiang Zao, and the couplets: the first couplet: it seems that Tao Ling opened three paths; the second couplet: come to share a niche with Amitabha. Inscribed by Lin Zexu (Minister of No Smoking in Qing Dynasty).

On the stone carving on the inner south wall of Taoranting, Qi Baishi inscribed the words "Moon on the West River, Revisiting Taoranting and Looking at the West Mountain"

On the west side of Taoranting. The plaque of "Tao Ran Pavilion" was inscribed by Guo Moruo, the first couplet: no one came to the ancient temple of Yanlong; the second couplet: the moon came to the tree leaning on the deep hall. Weng Fanggang Question.

Temple of Mercy Taoranting Courtyard.

The courtyard of the Temple of Mercy.

Temple of Mercy

Temple of Mercy

A thin layer of ice has formed on the lake outside the Temple of Mercy

After crossing the Yun'an Bridge, you will come to Huaxia Famous Pavilion Garden Scenic Area.

Guide Map of Huaxia Famous Pavilion Garden

The plaque of "Huaxia Famous Pavilion Garden" was inscribed by Qi Gong. Huaxia Famous Pavilion Garden East Gate (opening hours 6:00-21:00)

Corridor leading to Yunhua Building

Corridor leading to Qingyin Pavilion

Yunhuilou·Qingyin Pavilion was first built in the Qianlong period. It was originally located on the east coast of the South China Sea, one of the three seas in Xiyuan. It was a place for the Qing emperor to relax and watch the scenery, listen to music and enjoy music. In 1954, after the architect Liang Sicheng proposed to relocate and Premier Zhou Enlai affirmed it, he moved here. Zheng Zhenfeng, the first director of the Bureau of Cultural Relics in New China, called it "a pioneering work in relocation and reconstruction of ancient buildings." In 2014, the park carried out cultural relics protection and repair for this group of buildings. In 2015, referring to the archives of the Qing Dynasty court furnishings collection, the indoor environment scene of the royal garden building was restored, and the pattern and style of the historical building were reproduced.

Duxing Pavilion is located in Yuxi Mountain, Miluo County, Hunan Province, and is the auxiliary pavilion of Quzi Temple. Qu Zi refers to Qu Yuan, the great patriotic poet of Chu State during the Warring States Period. He was an official to Sanlu doctor before his death, but was exiled from Yuanxiang because of slander, wrote famous poems such as "Li Sao", and then jumped into the Miluo River to die. According to legend, during his exile, Qu Yuan often talked with his fisherman at the ferry boat pavilion by the Miluo River. In order to commemorate him, later generations changed the ferry boat pavilion to "Solitary Awakening Pavilion" according to the sentence "The whole world is turbid and I am alone, and everyone is drunk but I am sober" in the chapter "Chu Ci Yufu". Taoranting Park was imitated Duxing Pavilion in 1987. This pavilion is hexagonal in shape, with red pillars and green tiles, and brightly painted. Under the eaves, there are horizontal plaques of "Duxing Pavilion" written by Mao Dun and Zhao Puchu respectively.

Lanting is one of the famous gardens in the south of the Yangtze River, located at the foot of Lanzhu Mountain in the southwest of Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province. "Yuejueshu" contains: Goujian, King of Yue, cultivated orchids here. It got its name because of it. On the third day of March in the ninth year of Yonghe (353 A.D.), Wang Yizhi, a famous calligrapher in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, "trimmed ears" with 41 people including Xie An and Sun Chuo. After the banquet, he wrote the famous "Lanting Collection Preface" both at home and abroad. Since then, Lanting has become a sacred place in the history of Chinese calligraphy. Taoranting Park was built in imitation of Lanting in 1985. The word "Lanting" inscribed on the stele in Lanting was written by Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty. The stele was broken during the "Cultural Revolution", but it has been repaired and restored. The stele pavilion is commonly known as Xiaolan Pavilion.

Little squirrels around Lanting.

Goose Pond Stele Pavilion is one of the garden buildings of Orchid Pavilion. Because Wang Xizhi loves geese, he dug a goose pond. The word "Goose Pond" in the pavilion is said to be written by Wang Xizhi and Wang Xianzhi's father and son. Wang Xizhi is known as the "Sage of Calligraphy", and his son Wang Xianzhi is called "Little Sage". Taoranting Park was imitated in 1986.

Shaoling Thatched Cottage Stele Pavilion Du Fu Thatched Cottage by the Huanhua River in the western suburbs of Chengdu is the site of the former residence of Du Fu, a great realist poet of the Tang Dynasty in my country, when he moved to Chengdu in the winter of the second year of Qianyuan (759 A.D.) to avoid the "Anshi Rebellion". According to legend, Du Fu's The famous poem "The Song of the Autumn Wind Broken by the Thatched Cottage" was written by him at this time. In the thirteenth year of Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty (AD 1734), the Shaoling (Du Fu's other name) Thatched Cottage stele pavilion was built at the site of the Maoju, becoming a famous building of Du Fu Thatched Cottage. The four large characters inscribed on the stele in the pavilion were written by Prince Yunli, the seventeenth son of Emperor Kangxi. Taoranting Park was imitated in 1985.

Erquan Pavilion is located in Xihui Park in Wuxi, Jiangsu. Erquan was excavated in the 14th year of Tang Dali (779 A.D.), and is divided into upper, middle and lower pools. The water from the second spring is called "Longjin Chisali", which is sweet and fragrant for tea. According to legend, Lu Yu in the Tang Dynasty rated it as the second in the world; Su Dongpo also commented on it, and left the sentence "Take the little moon in the sky alone to try the second spring in the world". During Song Huizong's reign, Erquan water was listed as a royal tribute. Zhao Gou, Emperor Gaozong of the Song Dynasty, crossed to the south and drank from the spring here. He built a pavilion on the pool, named "Erquan Pavilion" and titled "The source of flowing water". Both Kangxi and Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty went to the south of the Yangtze River six times, and set up an imperial seat in Huishan to taste springs and write poems. A Bing, a blind folk musician in modern times, once wrote the song "The Moon Reflected in the Two Springs", which is well-known far and wide. The Erquan Pavilion is delicate and handsome in shape, and the top of the pavilion is decorated with double dragons playing with pearls. In the pavilion, there is a stone tablet of "The Second Spring in the World" written by Zhao Mengtao, a calligrapher of the Yuan Dynasty. Taoranting Park was imitated in 1987.

Jinyue Pavilion is located in Gantang Lake, Jiujiang, Jiangxi. According to legend, the original site was the point of the general's platform of Zhou Yu, the governor of the Eastern Wu Dynasty. In the tenth to thirteenth years of Tang Yuanhe (815-818 A.D.), the famous poet Bai Juyi was demoted to Jiangzhou Sima Shijian. Later generations named it Jinyue Pavilion because of the sentence "Farewell to the boundless river soaking in the moon" in the white poem "Pipa Xing". The pavilion has been up and down several times. In the late Qing Dynasty, the monk Gu Huai raised donations and rebuilt it. The building is simple and elegant. Taoranting Park was imitated in 1988.

Canglang Pavilion is a famous garden with the longest history in Suzhou. In the fourth year of Song Qingli (1044 A.D.), the poet Su Shunqing built Canglang Pavilion near the water in the picture. During the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty, the pavilion was overhauled and moved to the hill in the garden. The name of Canglang comes from "The Songs of Chu Fisherman"; There is "Canglang Shiji!". The building is simple and simple, and the pavilion is engraved with the couplet "Canglang Pavilion" written by Yu Yue, a famous Confucian classics and exegesis scholar in the Qing Dynasty, and "the breeze and bright moon are priceless, and there is love near the water and far away". The upper link is Ouyang Xiuju, and the lower link is Su Shunqing's sentence. Taoranting Park was imitated in 1986.

Drunkard Pavilion is located in Langya Mountain, Chuzhou, Anhui Province. In the fifth year of Qingli in the Northern Song Dynasty (1045 A.D.), after Ouyang Xiu was demoted to be the prefect of Chuzhou, Zhixian, a mountain monk, specially built this pavilion. Since then, Ouyang Xiu often came to the pavilion to entertain guests. Because he "drinks less and gets drunk", he called himself the drunkard and ordered the pavilion with this name. He also wrote the popular "Drunkard Pavilion" to record his events. Later, Su Shi wrote this "Ji" on the stele, which is known as "Shuangjue" in the world. The drunken pavilion has a beautiful architectural shape, large eaves and thin columns, and it has the potential to spread its wings and take off. There is a seal script "Drunkard Pavilion" on the side of the pavilion, a huge stone lying on the side, and "Niaoquan" in the west. Taoranting Park was imitated in 1986.

Banxian Pavilion This pavilion is the main scene of Li Bai Scenic Area. Inside the pavilion are engraved two poems, "Crossing the Stone and Hanging Li Baxian" by Qiu Rui and "Praise of Li Bai" by Yang Rong. Taoranting Park was imitated in 1995.

Chuitai is located in Slender West Lake, Yangzhou, Jiangsu. According to the "Book of Songs": Xu Zhanzhi built four groups of garden buildings: Fengting, Yueguan, Chuitai, and Qinbao. Among them, the blowing platform is also known as the Diaoyutai because Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty once went fishing. Taoranting Park was imitated on the West Lake in the park in 1986. The three circular gates of the blowing platform here face the Yunhui Building in the south, the Huxin Pavilion in the north, and the Zuiweng Pavilion in the west.

Baipo Pavilion is located in Sansu Park, Sichuan Province. It is a bridge pavilion built in memory of Su Dongpo, a writer of the Song Dynasty. When Su Dongpo was in Taining, Yingzhou (now Fuyang, Anhui), he once wrote the poem "Fanying": "I am happy to grow up, and I am so strange... The upper flow is straight and clear, and the lower flow is curved and rippling. Painting boats leaning over the mirror, smiling I ask who are you? Suddenly scales appeared, messing with my eyebrows. It was scattered into Bai Dongpo, and the engraved item is here again. This water is thin and thin, and I am playing with me." In Jiading of the Southern Song Dynasty (AD 1214), Wei Liaoweng, the prefect of Meizhou, Sichuan, built Baipo Pavilion in the Huanhu Lake in Meizhou City according to Su Dongpo's poems. After vicissitudes, the ancient Huanhu Lake and Baipo Pavilion no longer exist. In 1928, Baipo Pavilion was rebuilt on Ruilian Pond in Sansu Temple in Meishan. Tao Ranzhen Park was imitated in 1989.

Strolling in the park, you can see ancient poems inscribed on strange stones everywhere.

Does it look like the stone statue on Easter Island?

Tang Bai Juyi's poem "Pipa Xing" is inscribed on a strange stone shaped like a pipa.

The imitation of the pavilion in the heart of the West Lake in Hangzhou.

Kiln Pavilion

The "Kiln Terrace" plaque inscribed by Huang Miaozi.

The Yaotai Teahouse opened in the Yaotai courtyard for tourists to drink tea.

kiln teahouse gate

Paintings on the corridor

The kiln unearthed from the kiln

kiln main room

Toy store in children's play area

Price at the ticket office

Pirate Ship

Deluxe Flying Chair

kangaroo jump

free jellyfish

There are also two free stone slides in the children's play area, called Daxueshan and Xiaoxueshan respectively. Many local tourists will not only bring their children to play, but also experience the feeling of returning to their childhood.

big snow mountain

small snow mountain

Science Hut in the Park

A display in the science hut. six organs of plants

Insect specimen display

A cartoon landscape sketch on the lawn of the park.

"Watching" Two common nocturnal birds, owls and owls, are common nocturnal birds in the park. The cartoon-shaped landscape sketch expresses the beautiful artistic conception of harmonious coexistence through the mutual watching of people and birds.

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