Have you tried it? In Beijing, which is dozens of degrees below zero,

Waking up early at the crack of dawn,

Against the cold wind, without snow,

shivering in the crowd,

Just to listen to the March of the Volunteers,

Watch the national flag rising in Tiananmen Square.....

Qianmen Tianjie is still brightly lit

1. Tiananmen Square - National Flag Raising

If you plan to see the national flag raised,

Living in Qianmen Dashilan is a good choice.

Only a few hundred meters away from Tiananmen Square,

But still be prepared to wake up early.

The national flag raising time in winter is around 7:30 in the morning,

Get up at 6 o'clock, arrive before 7 o'clock,

At this time, Tiananmen Square was already full of voices,

Fortunately, there is still room available.

I don't know what time to stand in the front row.

Scanning left and right, each of them was trembling and their blood was boiling.

So, many years later,

You still clearly remember the morning when the national flag was raised,

And watch the national flag raising partners together.

After watching the national flag raising and waiting for a square, people dispersed at about 8 o'clock.

Find a warm place to have breakfast,

Then I walked to the National Museum in a hurry,

Spend the rest of the morning here.

Walking out of the museum, the thousands of years of historical books are still in my mind.

The front door is already full of steaming fireworks, but the front door is still bustling.

Tiananmen Square National Flag Raising Area (Restricted Area)

2. Qianmen - Paradise Street

In a broad sense, Qianmen refers to Xianyukou in the east,

West to Tieshu Xiejie, including Qianmen Street,

The front gate area including Dashilan and Zhushikou.

From the Ming Dynasty to the early founding of the People's Republic of China,

It has always been a prosperous place for merchants in old Beijing,

Many famous time-honored brands originated here.

The Qianmen area used to be the outskirts of the central capital of the Liao and Jin Dynasties.

After the Yuan Dynasty established Beijing as the capital,

Qianmen Street is a road from the inner city to the suburbs.

From the Zhengyangmen Archery Tower in the north,

South to Tianqiao intersection, about 800 meters long,

Since Ming Chengzu Zhu Di moved his capital to Beijing, he was the emperor of Ming and Qing Dynasties

The only way to go to the Temple of Heaven to worship and perform farming at the Xiannongtan,

There is a white stone royal road with a width of about 3 meters.

Bluestone pavement is paved on both sides for princes and ministers to walk.

Therefore, Qianmen Street is also called Tianjie.

Qianlong has a poem that says:

The sun is beautiful and the style is beautiful, and the colorful banners and flowers win the glory of Tianjie.

The original Tianjie was destroyed by the war,

The existing one was restored in 2008 according to the original regulations.

Zhengyang Bridge Archway

Since the expansion of the outer city in the Ming Dynasty, Qianmen has gradually become a place where every inch of land is expensive.

The six major departments of officials, households, rites, soldiers, punishments, and workers in the Ming and Qing Dynasties,

Located on the east and west sides of the front door.

Foreigners who come to Beijing to catch exams or do business have to go through the front door.

Every imperial examination, township examination, general examination,

All the guild halls and restaurants in Qianmen were overcrowded.

In the middle of Ming Dynasty, merchants gathered outside Qianmen.

Become the most prosperous commercial gathering place in Beijing.

During the period of the Republic of China, business reached its peak,

Trams and automobiles replaced horse-drawn carriages and sedan chairs,

Photo studios, post offices, and bookstores gradually opened,

The old trades such as food and clothing in old Beijing are still booming.

Fashion and tradition merge,

It was one of the favorite places for Beijingers at that time.

Xianyukou Street

3. Dashilan—Commercial Street

Big (da four tones) grid (shi two tones) bar (lan four tones),

Originally named Langfang Sitiao, it was changed to Dashilan during the Qing Dynasty.

During the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty, the imperial court built Langfang outside the front gate

(Rows of houses) used as shops,

It has made the once desolate area more and more prosperous.

Then slowly form streets, numbered sequentially with Langfang as the prefix

From Langfang Toutiao to Langfang Sitiao,

Form the original street name.

During the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, in order to strengthen the security management of the streets and alleys of the outer city,

Curfews were instituted, streets were erected with fences at their intersections,

Time switch every morning and evening.

There are many shops in the four corridors of the corridor, and most of the shops are wealthy people.

Collective funding will build higher and stronger fences at street intersections.

Since then, Dashilan has gradually replaced Langfang Sitiao.

In the "Complete Map of Qianlong's Capital",

This area has been named Dashilar.

Inside Dashilan Commercial Street

At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the east and west sides of the Qianmen Archery Tower were built.

Zhengyangmen east and west stations,

It also promotes the commercial development of this area.

After Dashilan became a commercial center,

Bringing together famous and high-quality merchants from all over Beijing,

Dashilan is also the first choice for foreign time-honored brands to settle in Beijing.

Today, Dashilan is still preserved, although it has been rebuilt.

In the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties, the pattern of three vertical and nine horizontal,

If you take a tricycle,

The masters will tell you about the history of this street,

Count the names that are either familiar or unfamiliar:

Wang Mazi kitchen knife, Zhang Yiyuan tea, Liubiju pickles,

Neiliansheng Shoe Store, Ruifuxiang Cloth Shop, Majuyuan Hat...

These time-honored brands are still active on this street,

Although not as brilliant as it was then,

But there is an additional layer of cultural heritage.

sun shines into the alley

4. Eight major alleys - Fengyue in Beijing

That is to Dashilan,

I have to mention the legendary Eight Great Hutongs.

In a broad sense, Bada Hutong generally refers to the Dashilan area outside Qianmen.

In a narrow sense, it refers to the north of Zhushikou Street,

Batiao Hutong south of Tieshu Xiejie,

Shaanxi Lane is the most famous.

The name of Bada Hutong has been closely related to brothels since its birth.

In later generations, it gradually became synonymous with Huajie and Liuxiang.

According to statistics, in the late 1930s,

There are 117 brothels registered and approved to operate in Bada Hutong.

There are more than 700 practitioners.

They are all beautiful, literary and artistic women,

He is also good at piano, chess, calligraphy and painting, and is good at reciting poems and making pairs.

Singing and dancing, elegant room cooking tea.

A hundred years of wind and rain, the Eight Great Hutongs are in the glitz of Yingge Yanwu

Fallen with the invasion of tobacco,

Yet in the misery of this chaotic world,

There appeared two strange women who were both admired and regretted by future generations.

And most of us only remember their names

——Sai Jinhua, Xiaofengxian.

Dashilan Street

5. Sai Jinhua——Second Master Sai

In the Suzhou album, when it comes to the former residence of Hong Jun on Pingjiang Road

I also talked about Sai Jinhua, that was the highlight moment of her life.

Although married to the champion man as a concubine,

However, he went to Europe in the name of the minister's wife, and all of them were dignitaries.

This is also why she later lived in Shaanxi Lane in Beijing.

Lay the foundation to save the people in the city with one's own efforts.

In 1900, the Eight-Power Allied Forces entered Beijing,

The Boxers were vigorously searched and suppressed, and the whole city fell into a bloodbath.

Although Sai Jinhua at this time is just a prostitute,

Still assuming the duties of a diplomat,

Using the German I learned while envoys to Europe,

Using the diplomatic skills learned by being around Hong Jun,

Negotiated with the Eight-Power Allied Forces, and finally negotiated a peace,

Saved the people from being slaughtered, and was honored as the second master of Sai.

Although this statement is not clearly recorded in the official history,

But it is widely circulated, and I want to believe it.

Shanglin Fairy Hall once listed by Sai Jinhua and Xiaofengxian

6. Little Phoenix Fairy——Cai E

When mentioning Xiao Fengxian, she always thinks of General Cai E.

When the two met for the first time, Xiao Fengxian was listed in Shaanxi Lane,

At that time Cai E was trapped in Beijing,

Xiaofengxian helped him escape to Tianjin from Yuan Shikai's eyes and ears.

Traveling east to Japan, the curve returns to Yunnan,

Then organize the National Defense Army to challenge Yuan.

Yuan Shikai's emperor's dream was shattered, and Cai E became sick from overwork.

Xiaofengxian never thought,

When I sent the general away, it was the last time.

If you don't believe that a beautiful woman will die in the end, a chivalrous woman will go out of her way in ancient times.

There are very few phoenix feathers here, and their people are like pearls of fairy dew.

This is the little phoenix fairy written by Cai E,

She must be the heroine in the general's heart.

With such an evaluation, the righteous adventures at that time were all worthwhile.

The interior layout of Shanglin Xianguan

Dashilan Commercial Street is still lively, and the time-honored brands still exist.

The Eight Great Hutongs are still there, and the people in the Hutongs are warm and peaceful.

The flowers under the window sill, the old bicycle at the door of the house,

The sun shines on the ground in winter,

It also shines on the hearts of passers-by,

It was as if the chaos and turmoil had never happened.

Only the Shanglin Xianguan in Shaanxi Lane still has some memories of those years.

People have always said lightly that even though the two heroines are desolate,

But also a soul-stirring life.

Sunset in Dashilan Hutong

7. Liulichang - Cultural Street

After walking through Bada Hutong, head north across Cherry Street,

Then we arrived at Liulichang.

This exquisite-sounding name comes from glazed tiles.

In the Yuan Dynasty, there was a glazed kiln factory here.

After Ming Chengzu Zhu Di established his capital in Beijing, based on the original foundation,

Expand the scale of the kiln to supply the needs of the city.

The back kiln factory was moved to Mentougou Liuliqu,

The story about Liuli here is only the name,

Then started the journey of Cultural Street.

During the Shunzhi period of the Qing Dynasty, the capital was divided into Manchu and Han cities.

At that time, most of the Han officials lived near Liulichang in the west.

Guild halls all over the country were also built one after another.

Later, booksellers from all over the world set up booths and rooms here one after another.

Officials and exam candidates often gather here to visit the book market.

Book markets such as Qianmen, Dengshikou, and Chenghuang Temple have all been moved here.

Liulichang gradually developed into the largest book market in Beijing.

Liulichang Street

In addition to bookshops, pens, inks, papers and inkstones, literature, calligraphy and painting

And culture-related industries have also developed.

Cultural masters who lived in Beijing during the Republic of China

Most of them have been to Liulichang.

For hundreds of years, many cultural relics have flowed out here.

Until 1950, the government promulgated the cultural relics protection law.

In the late Qing Dynasty, a normal school was built on the site of Liulichang

——The predecessor of the High School Affiliated to Normal University.

In 1927, the factory bridge was demolished and divided into east and west Liulichang.

In 1980, Liulichang was renovated,

The East and West Streets are connected by white marble bridges.

Guanfu Museum founded by Mr. Ma Weidu

It was first located in Liulichang.

Today, Liulichang still operates the Four Treasures of the Study, antique calligraphy and paintings,

It's just not as hustle and bustle as it used to be, and it looks deserted in this busy city.

Liulichang has an old shop with Beijing flavor for decades.

Laohuji Noodle House. Although it is called a noodle shop, it is also a restaurant.

You can order meals with noodles.

It is less than 1 km away from Ji Xiaolan's former residence.

If the time is still early, you can go and have a look, if it is late,

Go to Nanluoguxiang to see the night,

Eating copper pot shabu is the warmest time in winter.

Chinese bookstore in Liulichang

8. Nanluoguxiang - Chessboard Dwellings

The shape and construction of Nanluoguxiang began in the Yuan Dynasty.

Because the terrain is high in the middle and low in the north and south, like a hunchback,

Hence the name Luoguo Lane.

It used to be the center of Yuan Dadu (Yuan Dynasty capital),

During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, all the dignitaries and dignitaries were here, and the palaces and palaces of the kings were all here.

After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, he began to feel lonely.

The "Complete Map of the Capital" drawn by Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty was renamed Nanluoguxiang.

In the urban pattern of the left ancestor and the right society in the capital of Yuan Dynasty, facing the future market,

Nanluoguxiang is an integral part of the market outlook.

Taking Nanluoguxiang as the axis, Zhaohuifang in the east,

The west area belongs to Jinggongfang.

There are 8 alleys in the east and west, arranged in a fishbone shape.

It also looks like a centipede, so it is also called Centipede Lane.

Side alley of Nanluoguxiang

Li and Fang are the organization of ancient Chinese residential areas.

The basic unit of urban planning and construction.

It was called Li, Lu or Luli in the pre-Qin Dynasty, and Fang began to appear in the Northern Wei Dynasty.

Chang'an City in Tang Dynasty was the largest city in the world at that time.

A total of 108 workshops were built in the whole city.

The Lifang system was continued in the planning and design of Dadu in Yuan Dynasty.

The whole city is divided into 50 squares,

Between the squares are wide and straight streets and alleys, like a chessboard.

In the Tang Dynasty, Chang’an’s city squares have long since disappeared.

After 800 years of changes, Yuan Dadu has also changed its appearance.

Only Nanluoguxiang firmly guards the historical relics of Lifang.

It is a well-preserved Yuan Dynasty Hutong courtyard in my country.

It is the largest, highest-grade, and most resource-rich

Chessboard-style traditional residential area,

It is also the street with the most old Beijing style.

Residential houses in Nanluoguxiang

9. Other related - Tips

1. Those who are not interested in the museum after watching the national flag raising can go to the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall.

2. There are a lot of time-honored or well-established restaurants to eat in Dashilan, such as Menjia Hutong Luzhu, Xiaochangchen, Baodufeng, Donglaishun, Sijiminfu...

3. The stone carvings at the courtyard entrance of Shanglin Xianguan in Shaanxi Lane are still there, and the names of the shops have changed a lot, but they are all hotels, inns, and youth hostels. They have stayed here many years ago, and the large regulations are relatively complete.

4. The Beimen shabu-shabu in Nanluoguxiang should be a relatively good one in the surrounding area. You have to wait for a seat at meal time. The meat quality, sauces, and snacks are all full of praise.

5. Nanluoguxiang is very close to the old noodle shop at No. 69 of Fangzhuanchang. If you are patient, you can go to the queue. If you are impatient, you can try the new shop at Jiekou. It is not amazing. It is what old Beijing Zhajiangmen should have. The taste is also sold in major restaurants.

Beimen Shabu Meat

There is no stranger in the rivers and lakes

just haven't seen each other yet

Thanks to each of you for being lovely and taking the time to read.

One wine, one Jianghu, one person, one life.

If I happen to meet you, unfortunately, I am waiting for you.