Born in the 1960s, when I was in elementary school or middle school, the happiest thing of the year was going out in spring or autumn. At that time, I usually went to parks, and most of them were parks in the city or suburbs, such as the Summer Palace, Beihai, and Zhongshan Park. Knowing the news of the garden tour, I will be excited for several days. Parents bring bread, biscuits and other delicious food in advance, and some difficult families bring pancakes, and some even sweet potatoes and steamed buns. Basically, no one brought water, let alone drinks. It seems that there were no drinks at that time, and they all drank tap water, which is called "pushing tail pipe" in Beijing dialect. The drinking water in the park looks relatively high-end. There is a kind of tap water specially for tourists to drink. They are all the same water, that is, the spout is upward and thinner. The water tastes sweet and refreshing, and it is better than the current pure water. too much.

At that time, children played a lot of things, and they were all outdoors, such as playing, skating, smoking traitors, bouncing glass balls, making smoke paintings, pulling roots, pushing hoops, sticking buttocks Curtain and so on. During the day, before school and after school, the streets are full of crazy fun, very happy. But few people go to the park, so the school organized garden tours are especially attractive to us as children. When I came to the park, the children were like a flock of happy birds, chirping non-stop. Although I don't know much about many things in the park, and I don't know how to appreciate them, but this novelty, this happiness, and this freedom still make me miss it deeply.

As we grow older, we see more of the world and our living conditions improve, but our happiness decreases. I often go to other places to play, but I basically don't go to the parks in Beijing. The happy childhood is a memory that will never be erased. Taking advantage of the fact that you can’t travel far during the epidemic, take a good tour of the parks in Beijing, find the happy childhood memories, and try to understand the things that were confused before. A wonderful thing.

summer palace

The Summer Palace has a large area (3.09 square kilometers) and consists of two main parts, Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake. There are too many things to play and see in it. If you look carefully, you may not be able to finish it in ten and a half months. My wife and I spent four days (sometimes half a day) to take a quick tour, of course, mainly for walking, walking, and looking for the feeling of going to the garden when we were children.

On the first day, enter the new palace gate, go counterclockwise along Kunming Lake, that is, go north, Kunlun Stone Stele, Wenchang Pavilion, Zhichun Pavilion, Ou Xiangxie, Leshou Palace, Promenade, Yunhui Yuyu Archway, Stone Boat, Suyunyan Chengguan, Banbi Bridge, Jiehu Bridge, Xidi, Xiuyi Bridge, Langru Pavilion, Tongniu, that is, a counterclockwise circle along Kunming Lake.

On the second day, enter the new palace gate, go north, Wenchang Pavilion, Yulan Hall, Yiyun Hall, Renshou Hall, Ziqi Donglai Chengguan, Harmony Garden, Overlook Zhai, Yinhui Chengguan, Suzhou Street, Yanqing Shanglou .

On the third day, in the morning, enter the west gate, Tuancheng Lake South Road, Xidi, Yudai Bridge, Gengzhitu, Tuancheng Lake West Road, back to the west gate, actually almost turn around Tuancheng Lake. In the afternoon, enter the west gate, go back to the west bank of Kunming Lake West Lake, West Causeway, Liuqiao, and Jingming Bridge.

On the fourth day, enter through the East Palace Gate, go up to the Buddha Fragrance Pavilion through the Paiyun Gate, then go up the Zhishu Forest, Wisdom Sea, and Four Major Continents from the west, and then go down the back mountain, pass through Ziqi and come east to Chengguan, Dehe Garden, and go back to the East Palace Gate. .

The content in the Summer Palace is too rich, and it takes a lot of time to understand it in more detail. Four days is far from enough. In the future, I will take time to visit and continue to add and update.

As a royal garden in the Qing Dynasty, the Summer Palace was modeled on the West Lake in Hangzhou and conceived with the ancient Chinese mythology "Three Immortals on the Sea". . The door opens at six o'clock in the morning, there are not many people, the light is suitable, and the viewing effect is the best.

The access to the Summer Palace is very convenient, with six gates in total.

1. East Palace Gate: Located near Xiyuan. Entering the door is the Hall of Renshou and the Garden of Virtuous Harmony.

2. Wenchang courtyard gate: on the south side of the East Palace gate. After entering the gate, there are Wenchang Courtyard, Wenchang Pavilion and Zhichun Pavilion.

3. Beigong Gate: Opposite the Central Party School.

4. Xinjian Palace Gate: Wenchang Courtyard Gate faces south, facing Xinjian Palace Gate Road. At the entrance, you can see the Seventeen-Arch Bridge and Tongniu.

5. South Ruyi Gate: Located in the southeast corner of the Summer Palace, you can see the Xiuyi Bridge after entering the gate, close to the West Causeway.

6. West Gate: It is located on the southwest side of the West Lake of the Summer Palace, close to the Changguan Hall and the West Causeway.

7. North Ruyi Gate: Located in the northwest corner of the Summer Palace, on the west side of the North Palace Gate, near Banbi Bridge.

The transportation of the Summer Palace extends in all directions, whether it is by bus or by car, it is very convenient.

There are parking lots at East Palace Gate, Xinjian Palace Gate, North Palace Gate, and West Gate. However, during holidays, the parking spaces will still be tight, so it is recommended to travel by bus.

Multiple ground buses stop at the Summer Palace, Metro Line 4 has a station at Beigongmen, and tram Xijiao Line has a station at the Summer Palace West Gate.

We went there by car, and the time period we chose was morning and afternoon, avoiding the rush hour. Both the Xinjian Palace Gate and Ximen parking lots are quite large, not far from the gate.

For the convenience of recording, I will introduce them one by one in chronological order.

third day. In the morning, enter the West Gate of the Summer Palace. The parking lot is quite large. Try to park on the east side, closer to the gate of the park.

There is a stop at Ximen on the Xijiao Line of rail transit. This section is just driving on the ground, and the vehicle seems to be walking through the park, which feels very romantic.

Pass the Jingmi Diversion Canal Bridge, keep left, and head towards the West Embankment. On the south side of the red brick path is the West Lake of Kunming Lake, with tall willow trees and weeping willows on the bank, and on the north side is like a green fence, with dense trees and thick shade to block out the sun.

In the shaded green trees on the north side, there is a tall iron fence with thick railings. I am very curious, why is there a high iron fence around the outer wall of the Summer Palace? At a flat bridge, several small square holes were opened in the iron fence, which are called bird watching ports. Looking in through the bird watching port, it turns out that there is a hole in the sky, a pool of clear water is clear and blue, and the Yufeng Pagoda of Yuquan Mountain is close in front of you.

This water area is Tuancheng Lake, and there is an isolated island in the middle of the lake.

Tuancheng Lake is located in the west of the Summer Palace, separated from the Gengzhitu Scenic Area by the Yuhe River, and separated from Kunming Lake by a short section of the West Embankment. So, why is it surrounded by iron fences? It turns out that this is related to the South-to-North Water Diversion Project.

Tuancheng Lake is the end point of the Jingmi Water Diversion Canal and also the end point of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project. The convergence of the two major water sources contributes to the safety of urban water supply. In 2012, another lake was excavated on the south side of Tuancheng Lake and outside the south wall of the Summer Palace. Because it is adjacent to Tuancheng Lake in the north and has a waterway connected to it, it is named "Tuancheng Lake Regulating Pool", also known as "Tuancheng Lake Adjustment Pool". City Lake" has become the largest water supply hub in the capital, so it is called the "big water tank" in the capital.

The reason for enclosing this water area is very simple, it is to prevent wild swimming. Because Tuanjie Lake is running water and the water quality is clean and clear, many people come here for wild swimming every summer. In order to protect the water source in Beijing and allow citizens to drink clean and hygienic water, the management had no choice but to erect a full circle of iron fences around Tuancheng Lake.

There is another thing to say about Tuancheng Lake: there used to be a city-shaped building on the island in the middle of the lake, which was called "Zhijing Pavilion" in history. Zhijing Pavilion was first built in the 20th year of Qianlong and the 10th year of Xianfeng. When the British and French allied forces burned Qingyi Garden, Zhijing Pavilion was spared because it was surrounded by water and far away from the main building complex of Wanshou Mountain. In the thirteenth year of Guangxu, Empress Dowager Cixi was short of funds to build the Summer Palace, so she had to dismantle the bricks, stones and wood of Zhijing Pavilion to build a huge palace on Longevity Hill, so the island was barren, and only the foundation of the original building remains today.

From the perspective of landscaping, Zhijing Pavilion was built to create a fairyland of "one river and three mountains". That is, three islands were set up in the wide water surface of Kunming Lake, and pavilions were built on the islands, namely Wangchan Pavilion (later called Hanxu Hall, located on Nanhu Island), Zaojian Hall (in the West Lake of Kunming Lake) and Zhijing Pavilion (Tuancheng Lake), which symbolizes the three "fairy mountains" of Penglai, Fangzhang, and Yingzhou in the middle sea in myths and legends.
There is another rumor that needs to be clarified. It is said that the Zhijing Pavilion in Tuancheng Lake was originally a "water prison", which was specially used to detain eunuchs and court ladies who had made serious mistakes, so Tuancheng Lake became a little more mysterious and terrifying. Studies have shown that the so-called "water prison" theory is groundless and purely false.

The iron fence not only prevents wild swimming, but also creates a quiet and comfortable home for birds, so the number and types of birds increase greatly. You can see that there are several bird-watching openings not far from the iron fence. People often hold long guns and short cannons, occupying the bird-watching openings, and they are engrossed.

The black swan is a frequent visitor here, look at how beautiful this figure is.

Walking towards the West Causeway, you can see the Mirror Bridge.

After arriving at the West Causeway, Longevity Hill and Foxiang Pavilion are in the northeast.

See also Yudai Bridge.

Go to Yudai Bridge, do not go on the bridge, go left, and not far away, you will see the fork and turn right, and you will arrive at the Scenic Area of ​​Gengzhitu.

The Scenic Spot of Farming and Weaving was first built in the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, when Emperor Qianlong deliberately moved the Weaving and Dyeing Bureau of the Palace Household Office to the garden. In 1860, the British and French allied forces burned down the "Three Mountains and Five Gardens" at that time, and the Scenic Spot of Farming and Weaving Map also suffered devastating damage, leaving only a stone tablet of "Plowing and Weaving Map" inscribed by Emperor Qianlong himself. In 1886, in the name of restoring water exercises in Kunming Lake, Cixi used the naval funds at that time to build a water exercise school on the ruins of the Gengzhitu Scenic Area, making this place an institution of higher learning specialized in training Manchu naval personnel.

In 2004, the Farming and Weaving Map Scenic Area of ​​the Summer Palace was rebuilt and reconstructed, and it consists of two historical buildings in different periods on the Farming and Weaving Map area. Part of it is a garden-style building that embodies the royal farming and weaving culture during the Qianlong period, including Yanshangzhai, Silkworm Temple, and Stone Carved Corridor of Farming and Weaving Maps; the other part is the restored Naval Academy.

The Kunlun Stele of Farming and Weaving.

This is the only Qianlong relic in the Gengzhitu Scenic Area. The whole is carved from white marble, the top is a circular arc symbolizing "round sky", and the bottom is a square symbolizing "place". According to the written records on the stele, the stele was engraved in the 16th year of Qianlong's reign. The three big characters "Plowing and Weaving Map" on the front are the imperial pens of Emperor Qianlong, and on the back are Emperor Qianlong's poems, "The picture of plowing and weaving in the west of Yudai Bridge, weaving clouds and plowing Rain learns from Soochow. Every time I pass by, I will leave a clear question, because it is more interesting than the ordinary scenery."

To the east of the Kunlun stele is a silkworm temple, which was used to worship the silkworm god at that time.

In the south of Silkworm Temple, Chengxian Hall, Yuhe Zhai, Yanshang Zhai and other buildings are built from south to north near the lake.

Chengxiantang was the wharf where Qianlong went boating on the Yuhe River to and from Yuquan Mountain to rest in Ye.

The pavilion, Yanshang Zhai, Yuhe Zhai, and Chengxian Hall are connected by corridors.

There are 48 stone carvings of plowing and weaving in the corridors on both sides of Yanshangzhai. The stone carvings show the life scenes of men plowing and women weaving at that time.

Opposite Yanshangzhai, the water exercise school is an aristocratic school established by the imperial court during the Guangxu period to train Manchu water military talents.

Continue along the Tuancheng Lake to the west.

This is a paradise for waterfowl.

The CCTV tower shows its pointed head.

Near noon, walk out of the west gate.

Beiwu Park is close to the west gate of the Summer Palace. I heard that there is a small lake here, and the view of Yuquan twin towers is very effective.

Sure enough, it is an excellent location for viewing Yufeng Pagoda.

It is slightly worse to see Miaogao Tower, only a little spire can be seen.

After lunch, rest for two hours. After 4 o'clock in the afternoon, continue to enter from the west gate.

After crossing the Jingmi Diversion Canal Bridge, go south along the west bank of the West Lake of Kunming Lake to the south end of the West Embankment.

The waters located on the south side of Tuancheng Lake are called Kunming Lake West Lake, which is a good place to watch lotus in summer.

Looking at the Buddha Fragrance Pavilion here, you can see the majestic pavilions amidst the greenery.

Jingming Building.

Foxiang Pavilion, Jingming Tower and Liuqiao seem to be arranged on the West Causeway.

Came to the West Causeway again, this time traveling from south to north.

Seventeen Arch Bridge.

Nanhu Island.

willow bridge.

Xiuyi Bridge.

The sun was about to set, and the afterglow of the setting sun sprinkled down, the water surface shimmered, and the bridges, pavilions and pavilions were covered with a layer of gold, and everything became hazy.

As the sky darkened, the moon hung high in the sky, several lights adorned the shore of the lake, and the Summer Palace entered a dreamland.

Two black swans wander quietly on the water, enjoying their own world.

In my imagination, the Summer Palace is dimly lit at night, which should be a different scene. Unexpectedly, the Summer Palace does not turn on the lights at night, and it is said that they are only turned on during festivals. There is not even a street lamp on the West Causeway, I don't know why. Is it out of consideration of energy saving and environmental protection, or is it afraid that turning on the lights at night will attract more tourists, or some other reason. However, it is unreasonable to have no street lights. I hope that the managers will consider issues more conveniently for tourists from the perspective of tourists, and protect and manage this world heritage well so that ordinary people can fully enjoy it.