Fangshan District in Beijing has a long history and rich tourism resources. The well-known Zhoukoudian ape-man site was discovered in Fangshan. In fact, apart from the Zhoukoudian ape-man site, there are many historical sites in Fangshan that are not known to the world. The editor has just conducted a two-day tour in Fangshan to search for ancient origins. Here I will introduce to you some tourist attractions related to history and culture in Fangshan.

The site of Yandu in the Western Zhou Dynasty explores the origin of Beijing 3,000 years ago

The Yandu Ruins Museum of the Western Zhou Dynasty is located in Liulihe, Fangshan District. Many people may not have heard of it, but archeology found that this place was the capital of Yan State, which was enfeoffed when the Western Zhou Dynasty was established more than 3,000 years ago. After Zhou Wu Wang Jifa destroyed Shang, he entrusted the land of Ji to his half-brother Ji Shi (read "yes"). This Ji Shi is Zhaogong, who sent his eldest son Ji Ke to today's A capital city was established in Liulihe, Fangshan, Beijing, and the country was named Yan State, which is the origin of Yan State. From then on, the descendants of Zhaogong's eldest son, Keyi, took Yan as their country, continued to grow and develop, and finally became one of the seven heroes of the Warring States Period.

Everyone knows the story of Jing Ke's assassination of King Qin, right? The famous assassin Jing Ke in history was sent there by the later Crown Prince Dan of Yan State. Jingke's assassination of Qin Dynasty was already the last swan song of Yan State before it was destroyed. It is this Yan State that has made Su Qin and Le Yi in history. In the history of more than 800 years, there have been scenes of epic historical dramas.

Liulihe Yandu Ruins is the ruins of the capital of the Yan Kingdom. It is thought that Jing Ke set out from here to stab people with a knife in Xianyang, Shaanxi. In this site museum, four unearthed tombs are exhibited. Through the shape of the curtain and the unearthed cultural relics, we can understand the life, production, culture and customs of the Yan State society at that time.

Today's Beijing also gradually developed under the management of this country from this time. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the capital of the Yan Kingdom was located on the Liuli River in Fangshan, not in the current Beijing city.

This is a vivid classroom to understand the history of Yan State. For history buffs and researchers, this is a must-see.

Longmen Ecological Park, Tiankai Pagoda Tibetan Buddha Relics

The next stop we came to Longmen Ecological Park, which belongs to Hancunhe Town. First of all, we came to the exhibition hall in front of the nursing home building. The movie hall showed the local history, as well as the agricultural tools and production used by farmers back then. scene of life.

In the Kaisi in the ecological park, we encountered a Buddhist homework. From the costumes, we can see that some of them are monks and some are laymen. They lined up in an orderly row amidst the sound of chanting sutras, chanting the Buddha's name, and walking in front of the main hall. Namo Amitabha Buddha's name was chanted by them over and over again. The devout believers walked back and forth in front of the hall. Even though I am not a Buddhist, I have pursued and persevered in the face of this belief. I was also infected by their spirit. I sincerely hope that their wishes will come true with the blessing of the Buddha.

Tiankai Temple is located on Yuanbao Mountain in Longmen Ecological Park, Hancunhe Town, Fangshan District, Beijing. It is one of the oldest ancient temples in Beijing. It has a history of more than 1950 years. It is also the holy place where the relics of Sakyamuni Buddha were unearthed. . According to historical records, there are 15 Buddhist relics in the tower of Tiankai Temple. Therefore, Tiankai Temple has become a world-famous Buddhist holy place.

The Tiankai Temple Pagoda was built in the third year of Longshuo (663) in the Tang Dynasty. It was created by Faxun and Fayi, monks of Shiliang Township Hushi Temple in Tang Dynasty. In the third year of Longshuo in the Tang Dynasty (663), the Buddhist relic of Sakyamuni was buried. Tiankai Temple was first built in the Han Dynasty, and was most prosperous in the Liao Dynasty. The Liao Dynasty rebuilt the pagoda and completed it on July 7, the tenth year of Qiantong (1110), and put the newly built small relic pagoda into the underground palace under the pagoda for worship. Due to the change of dynasties, the temple was destroyed in the war at the end of Jin Dynasty. The pagoda has prospered and declined several times, and because of long-term wind and rain erosion, it has long been dilapidated and no one cares about it. Due to disrepair for a long time, only the base and the two-story tower body remained. From 2005 to 2006, Hancunhe Township repaired it and restored its original appearance. The tower faces south and is located in the middle of the hill. It is an octagonal three-story hollow pavilion structure with a height of about 15 meters. Xumizuo is decorated with bucket arches, and the waist is embossed with dragons, dragons and so on. There are arches on each floor in the 4 positive directions of the tower body, and mullioned false windows on the other 4 sides. Each eaves are decorated with bucket arches. The original Tasha has been destroyed.

In 1986, the Tiankai Temple Pagoda had a phenomenon of "radiation". In 1990, the Tiankai Pagoda's underground palace was excavated, and the Buddhist relics and the small stone pagoda where the relics were placed were unearthed, which are now stored in Yunju Temple.
Tiankai Temple Pagoda is a key cultural relic protection unit in Fangshan District, Beijing.

Stay at Shengshuilianting B&B and taste different Zen tea

After leaving the Yandu ruins, we stayed at the Shengshuilianting B&B on Shangfang Mountain that night, and planned to climb Fangshan to explore the Yunshui Cave the next day.

Shengshuilianting is a homestay built in the deep mountains. The address is in Shengshuiyu, Hancunhe Town. To get here, you have to go through a very steep mountain road. It is generally difficult for people who do not come here specially. The minibus we were riding was once boiled while climbing this slope, so we had to stop and continue to drive up after cooling down. The homestay is two buildings built against the mountain. As soon as you enter the lobby, you can already feel the elegant and refined style, which is quite different from ordinary homestays. The layout of the room is even more spacious and beautiful, showing the designer's good taste and careful intentions everywhere.

Seeing such an elegant room, I couldn't help being very interested, and took a group of portrait photos for the two teachers, Yanzi and Shu Ting, in the room. The photo was posted on the Internet, which aroused unanimous praise and praise from readers.

I have to talk about the dinner at Shengshuilianting, the dinner here can be called "heart". In addition to the local characteristics of the ingredients used, the processing of the ingredients is also unique. It is said that it takes three days to make even one pickle, and each time it can be made no more than 20 catties.

The taste of Zen tea after dinner left the deepest impression on me. The owner here is a beautiful woman who is proficient in tea ceremony. The boss invited us into her meditation room for tea. A group of us sat cross-legged on the futon around the tea table, and Zen chanting music came from the dim light.

The boss guides us gradually into the state of meditation with a soft voice that can barely be heard, and appreciates the air flow from the top of the head to all parts of the body. The boss's voice seemed to have some kind of magical power, which made people follow her into the empty world involuntarily. The cups of tea seemed to turn into gusts of air, and the clothes were soaked with sweat before they knew it. Before I knew it, more than two hours had passed. During this period, I felt free from distracting thoughts, refreshed, and empty inside. When I opened my eyes, it seemed that I had traveled to another world and returned. This feeling and this scene are in harmony with the deep mountains and deep valleys. I don't know what night it is between the empty mountains and the bright moon.

Visit Yunshui Cave and enjoy the spectacle of stalactites

After breakfast the next morning, we left the holy water lotus garden and went to Yunshui Cave in Shangshan Mountain. The car drove along the mountain road for less than 20 minutes and arrived at the Yunshui Cave parking lot. From the parking lot, take the cable car to the mountainside, and then walk up about 100 meters to the entrance of Yunshui Cave.

At the entrance of Yunshui Cave, there are three big characters "Yunshui Cave" inscribed by Mr. Zhao Puchu himself. Walking into the cave, you will see stalactites and stalagmites in the cave. Yunshui Cave is more than 600 meters deep and naturally forms six halls. The first hall is more than 50 meters high and 30 meters wide. The scenery in the hall includes Crouching Tiger Rock, Black Dragon Pool, Erlong Gate, Half-hanging Mountain, and Fire Cave. The second hall has the scenery of South Buddha, Salt Mountain, Zaoer Lizi Mountain, Lion Watching Lotus, Stone Man, Two Dragons Playing with Pearl, Climbing Pillar, Reclining Buddha and so on. The sky-climbing column in the hall is the most eye-catching. A 37-meter-high stalagmite is 10 meters higher than the tallest stalagmite in Qixing Rock in Guilin. It is not only the leader of stalagmites in my country, but also one of the few in the world. count. The scenery of the third hall, the fourth hall, the fifth hall and the sixth hall is also very pleasing to the eye. The colorful and grotesque natural scenery is really rare. "The Hall of Eighteen Arhats", a group of stone Arhats hugging each other, scattered in different shapes and forms, seems to be a solemn and solemn ashram, which makes people applaud.

Yunshui Cave is a Buddhist holy place. Buddhist statues can be seen everywhere in the cave. There is a nunnery at the entrance of the cave, where monks worship the Buddha. The Ann here is not a nunnery, but a nunnery that does not meet the specifications of a temple.

The fairy spirit here is very strong, even the eldest sister who sells water at the door is very eloquent. Seeing me climbing up the mountain with the drone box on my back, I said to me: "Let's put it down, let's put down everything you're carrying! Learn from Budai monk, and it will be easy when you put it down." The semantic pun implies a good idea. It seems to be enlightening me. Yes, the reason why life is hard and tiring is that there are too many things that cannot be let go.

Swim up the mountain, visit the seventy-two chapters of the scriptures

In order to save time, we took the cableway up and down the mountain. After driving for about 5 minutes, we arrived at the entrance of Shangfangshan Mountain. It is said that when there were no cars in the past, the monks were already sweating when they climbed the mountain and needed to rest here, so this place is called Fahanling.

The upper mountain is a branch of Taihang Mountain, 70 kilometers away from the capital. It is famous all over the world for its strange peaks, different caves, temples, flowing springs and ancient trees. It has majestic peaks, luxuriant vegetation, densely covered scenic spots and majestic scenery. It has the reputation of "the crown of mountains in Yanjiao". There are nine caves and twelve peaks on the mountain. Yunshui Cave and Tianzhu Peak are both beautiful. Fahan Ridge is extremely dangerous. There are 262 steps of steps excavated on the cliff in the Ming Dynasty, like a "ladder to heaven", which is dazzling and exciting. Due to time reasons, we took the cableway and jumped over the sky ladder to reach the halfway up the mountain.

There are as many as 72 temples and nunneries on this mountain. Huayan Temple was built in the Eastern Han Dynasty and has a long history of more than 2,000 years. It is said that Zen Master Huayan, the founder of the mountain, lived here. Dousita Temple is the center of all temples and the highest one among the temples. It was built in the Sui and Tang Dynasties. There are scripture buildings, inscriptions, murals and other cultural relics in the courtyard.

On the wall behind the main hall, there are forty-two chapters engraved on the stone tablet, which is the treasure of the town temple. According to the Deer Ding Ji, whoever can gather all the eight scriptures with forty-two chapters will be able to open the dragon veins of the Qing Dynasty and obtain treasures. Presumably, the eight forty-two chapter scriptures did not include this one, otherwise Wei Xiaobao would not be able to take this scripture away no matter what!

Meet the big brother of the Monkey King on the road, and experience the coldness of the world

On the way up the mountain, we also saw a lot of macaques. In my impression, I always feel that to see monkeys, I have to go to places such as Mount Emei, but I didn't expect that there are groups of monkeys on the upper mountain. It should be the Buddhist atmosphere here that attracted them, and it seems that the monks often feed them. They live in the place where temples and nunneries gather, jumping over the house and over the ridge, up the tree and down on the ground, so uncomfortable, their screams resounded through the mountains and forests.

One of the monkeys stood in our way, without any intention of avoiding, as if saying: "I opened this mountain, I planted this tree, I want to pass by here, and save money to buy roads." The eyes and expression are clearly They are begging us for something to eat. Director Chen, who was traveling with us, told us that this monkey is the old monkey king. He was originally the king of the monkey group, but was defeated by the new monkey king and lost his leadership position. In the society of monkeys, it is the same as in the society of humans. It is easy to go up and down. The defeated monkey king can no longer live in the group of monkeys, so he has to come out to wander alone, lonely. It's really a cold world, a fallen phoenix is ​​not as good as a chicken! This is the same as the officialdom in human society!

Even though he was wandering, the Monkey King's majesty was still in his body. When someone among us teased him, he rushed over angrily and made an attack. And when another teacher took out candy for it to eat, it accepted it kindly.

Visit the Huayan Cave and pay homage to the body relics

There is also a town treasure on the upper mountain. That is the body relic of Master Benru, the 40th generation patriarch of Huayan Sect.

Master Benru was originally the host of Wutai Shandong and Beitai. In 1997, Venerable Benru succeeded the thirty-ninth generation of Yingguan Kong masters and became the fortieth generation patriarch of the Huayan sect.

In 1997, Master Benru had a dream entrusted by the Huayan Patriarch for three consecutive days. In order to realize the arrangement of the Patriarch in the dream, Master Benru took several years to find the Huayan Cave in Fangshan according to the description of the Patriarch, and then found it in the cave. A statue of Patriarch Huayan. Huayan Cave in Fangfang Mountain is the place where Huisheng, the patriarch of Huayan, practiced. After the dream was confirmed, Master Benru gave up the two hosts of Wutai Mountain and came to Shangfang Mountain to open a dojo. So in 1997, an altar was opened here, and a temple was built to host Buddhist ceremonies.

In his later years, he lived in Huayan Cave for a long time, strictly abided by the precepts, refined Huayan, and saved all living beings. He vowed to revitalize Shangfang Mountain and save thousands of people from birth.
On January 5, 2005 (the sixth day of the twelfth lunar month in the Jiashen year of the lunar calendar), Master Benru, the abbot of Huayan Cave in Fangfang Mountain, passed away with his eighty-first birthday.
Before his death, Master Benru told his disciples to "put his body in the vat, and after three years when the vat is opened, it will become a relic of the body." The whole body will be left to benefit the world.

After Master Benru passed away, his body was soft, his face was rosy, and he leaned against the cave wall with a peaceful expression. On the day of the Cylinder Sealing Ceremony, extremely spectacular rime and tree hangings appeared on the trees above the halfway up the ancient ladder of Shangfang Mountain, but there was no such astronomical phenomenon at the foot of the mountain. This has never happened in the upper mountains with its unique climate.

Three years later, the master opened the cylinder on the 23rd of the first lunar month of the Ji Chou year (February 17, 2009). The master's body was intact and he sat in meditation as peacefully as before. After the gilding of the body, the Great Monk Faying of Fayuan Temple in Beijing presided over the Seated Dharma Assembly. Now the mage Benru sits on the altar with his body relic, wearing a red cassock, with a peaceful appearance, and anyone with a predestined relationship can go to pay his respects. Master Benru is the first incarnate Buddha in modern times in North China.

Seeing the physical body of an eminent monk who has become a Buddha, I can't help but feel admiration, and my inner feelings are beyond words.
If you come to Shangfang Mountain, you must go to Huayan Cave to pay homage to Master Benru's body relic.

Qifengyuan food, special lobster

After descending Shangfang Mountain, I was already hungry, and I just wanted to eat quickly to feed my head. We came to eat at an ecological garden called Qifengyuan near the Hancun River. The owner of the restaurant was very honest and served us the best dishes, and the portions were generous. It was completely different from the exquisiteness of Shengshuilianting. But with the same care.

After looking at the menu, the dishes include: squab with secret sauce, double golden trout, pickled pork with preserved vegetables, eggs with toon, cold radish cherry, magnolia sprouts, tofu with shallots, pickled celery, bitter chrysanthemum salad, pork ribs Stir-fried bean rolls, roasted eggplant, stewed fried tofu, stir-fried potato chips with clear tomatoes, roasted pig's trotters with soybeans, fried pork with yellow essence, fatty beef in sour soup, steamed freshwater lobster

It is worth mentioning that they are the general agent in Beijing of this kind of Australian freshwater lobster. This kind of shrimp has a hard shell but delicious taste. It is four to five times the size of domestic crayfish. One is filled with a big mouthful, and it is very enjoyable to eat.

Hancun Hejing Village, see what is common prosperity

The last stop of our trip was Hancunhe River View Tourist Village.

When mentioning Hancunhe, people in Beijing hear like thunder. This is the first village to become rich after the reform and opening up. Buildings built by Hanjian Group can be seen everywhere in Beijing.

At the beginning of the reform and opening up, several educated youths who returned to their hometowns formed a construction team. Thus began their architectural career. Due to their excellent quality, they have undertaken a large number of real estate constructions. In a short period of time, the first pot of gold was accumulated.

Since then, they have started building their own home in Hancunhe. Because the top and bottom are united, the leadership is good. Soon Hancun River was built into a city-like village. All villagers in the village can live free of charge, and each person has a housing area of ​​more than 70 square meters.

Not only that, if a foreigner marries a girl from this village, or a guy from this village, he can get free housing.
The villagers in this village proudly told me that in their village, water and electricity are free.

An old lady with a wrinkled face pointed to the houses in the village and proudly told me that our Hancun River is good. We don’t spend money on housing, water or electricity.

What do you think the people in Hancunhe should be called? There are all kinds of surnames, but there is no surname Han, isn't it strange? It turns out that the name of the village of Hancunhe was derived from the hometown of Han Chang and Han Yanshou, the prime ministers of the Kingdom of Jin. Today there is not even a single family named Han in this village.

The people in this village have grasped the form of reform and opening up, making Hancunhe a model village second to none in the country.

Guanzi said: "The warehouse knows etiquette from the facts." When we entered the village to shoot, none of the villagers expressed rejection or unfriendliness. Everyone had smiles from the bottom of their hearts. By the lake in the park, people used cars to pull stereos, and held microphones to sing there. Mothers and grandmothers coax their children to enjoy the shade by the lake. There is a peaceful scene everywhere.

With decades of unremitting efforts to make one thing bigger and stronger. Hancunhe people have changed from poverty to wealth. Almost lived the days of communism. Shouldn't we learn and understand something from them?

The Yandu Ruins Museum of the Western Zhou Dynasty is 53 kilometers away from Tiananmen Square, and it can be reached by driving on the Beijing-Hong Kong-Macau Expressway. Navigate to the "Yandu Ruins Museum of the Western Zhou Dynasty". Bus route: take the subway to the west (southbound) bus station of Nanguan Station in Liangxiang, transfer to the F68 road in the direction of Hancun Hexi to the bus station of the Shang and Zhou Ruins, and walk for 1.5 kilometers.
Shangfangshan National Forest Park is 81 kilometers away from Tiananmen Square. It can be reached from the Beijing-Kunming Expressway on the West Sixth Ring Road. Just navigate to "Fangfangshan National Forest Park". By bus, you can go to Liuliqiao East Bus Station and take No. 917 Zhangfang Interval Bus to Wuhoulukou Station, then transfer to Fang No. 15 to Shangfangshan Bus Station. Because the number of buses is less, it is inconvenient to transfer. It is recommended to drive or take a taxi.

Yunshui Cave belongs to Shangfangshan Scenic Area, and it can be reached by walking four kilometers from Shangfangshan Dousiate Temple on the mountain road. The bus route is the same as the upper mountain. You can navigate "Yunshui Cave" by car.

Shengshuilianting B&B is 3.2 kilometers away from Shangfangshan Bus Station, and it can be reached by navigating "Shengshuilianting B&B".
Qifeng Garden is located between Shangfang Mountain and Hancun River.
Navigation is available.
Hancun River is 62 kilometers away from Tiananmen Square, and it takes 80 minutes by car to reach it by navigating "Hancun River". Take the subway Fangshan Line to Liangxiang Nanguan and transfer to bus No. F68 to Hancunhe Bus Station

Heizi Zhai Jianfeng
Panorama Photo Library, Hetu Creative Photo Library, China Gallery contracted photographers, and provided photography training for Shanghai Stock Exchange Group, China Water Affairs Group, Lenovo Group, Capital Development Group, State Forestry Administration, Central Asia Pipeline and many other large enterprises. He has won many awards in national photography competitions. Inspiration writer of Lotto Travel Network, super traveler, member of Beijing Travel Photographers Association.

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