Walking through the Summer Palace and the Qingyi, Admiring the Royal Gardens Part 3: Retirement at the Front and Sleeping at the Back (Part 2) Original 2022-06-01 11:54·Look at Beijing, China, and the World

Exit from the northwest gate of the Emperor's Backyard, and opposite to the courtyard outside the gate is the east gate of the Empress Dowager's Courtyard.

This is not a house-style gate, but a hall. The difference between the Chuantang hall and the gate hall is that the front and rear wall columns of the Chuantang hall have door leaves, and the door leaves of the gate hall are on the front gold pillar or the middle pillar. Moreover, the door leaf of the Chuantang hall is not necessarily a solid couch door or a plank door like the door hall. The door leaf of the Chuantang hall is a partition door. The hall in the east of the Queen Mother's Court is five rooms wide and three rooms deep, with gray tile rolling sheds and a hard hilltop, front and rear verandas, and vertical belts for entry and exit. The beams and squares under the eaves are not painted with Su-style scrolls like the Emperor’s Backyard, but painted with gilded double dragons and seals, and the level has risen sharply. Both the door leaf and the window frame are gilded. Look at the gilded wood carvings of twig lotus in the lattice core of the partition door.

It can be seen that there is a brass threshold under the eaves corridor inside the door, which is officially called the lower threshold. Usually installed under the door frame, it is specially used to trip up uninvited guests, or stop cats and dogs. When the owner comes, pull it down in advance so that it can be unimpeded.

We all know that the structure of domestic ancestral houses is connected by mortise and tenon joints, and there are no iron tools such as nails and hooks. When entering the Summer Palace, all you see are ancestral houses. But, you pay attention! This hall is the first architectural change seen along the way in the Summer Palace. You can see this change at a glance on the door leaf in the picture above. It uses a hinge instead of a Chinese door hinge system. The Chinese-style door has a door pillow to support and fix the door leaf under the door, and a door leaf is fixed on the upper sill, and the door pin is used to fix the sill to the upper sill. If you looked carefully just now, you will find that there are no doorpins on the inner and outer door frames of this hall, which means that there is no connecting threshold, because it is not needed. These wooden components were definitely not dismantled later, and should be the original works when the Summer Palace was rebuilt during the Guangxu period at the latest. At that time, there was still Shifenglei's family running royal buildings. Is this the first time Shifenglei tried Western components? Our modern buildings use hinges, and there are no door pillows. Is it possible that there was no door leaf here, and it was installed after the Republic of China? impossible! How can the Queen Mother stay open at night? You see, visiting the Summer Palace and seeing the history of Chinese architectural development, isn't it interesting?

I mentioned a lot of "supporting windows" before, and now most of the supporting windows in the Summer Palace are closed, but the bracket can be seen. Each window has an iron bracket on either side of the sash.

On the front, that is, the outward side, there is a plaque of "Runbi Huaishan" written by Guangxu under the eaves, which is pasted with gold in the shape of a bat. Runbi Huaishan language comes from the Southern and Northern Qi Dynasty Wang Rong's "Gift to the Uncle Wei Jun Ji Poem", which is a flattering and beautiful essay. Runbi: warm and beautiful jade; Huaishan: hidden in the mountains. Under the ancient character "bi", there is a king, not jade.

On the west side of the Chuantang hall, which is the side of the courtyard, there is a plaque of "Shuhua Bushi" hanging under the eaves, which is also written by Guangxu. Flowers are flowers, and fruits are fruits, and Shuhua Bushi is blossoming and bearing fruit. From "Wen Xin Diao Long", the original text says that when writing an article, you must first sort out the clues, start from the beginning, put the right in the middle, and return to the end. Then Shuhua is solid, the head and the tail are rounded, and the order is consistent. This is the beginning and end of making a fuss, teaching you how to round up your words. It is used here to mean that there are flowers and fruits in the courtyard, and magnolia, crabapple and persimmon trees are planted inside.

Opposite this passage hall is the west gate of the Empress Dowager's Courtyard, which is also a passage hall, the shape of which is the same as the east passage hall.

Under the eaves of the West Chuantang Hall, there is a plaque of "Benevolence and Mountain Pleasure", which was also written by Guangxu. The words come from the "Poems of Hualin Garden on March 3rd after Ping Wu" written by Wang Ji, Emperor Wen of the Western Jin Dynasty. The meaning is taken from "The Analects of Confucius" ""The wise enjoy the water, the benevolent enjoy the mountains".

Under the outer eaves hangs a "Jing Fu Lai Bing" plaque, which refers to the sentence "Multiple benefits gather, Jing Fu Lai Bing" in "Liang Ya Le Song" written by Shen Jun of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. Duofu and Jingfu both mean Hongfu, whoever lives forever, and whoever gathers together. The meaning of this poem is "Hong Fu equals the sky, forever equals the sky".

The queen mother's yard is much more spacious than the emperor's backyard, take a look.

Facing north and south in the courtyard is the main house.

There is a two-foot-high base under the main room, seven rooms wide and five rooms deep, and it is the largest building in the back bedroom courtyards. There are five buildings in the front, surrounded by a half-circle eaves corridor towards the back. Look under the side porch.

On the top is the top of the gray tile rolling shed, which is also the highest specification roof in the courtyards of the back bedroom. In front of the house, there are three white stone hanging belts. There are glass partition doors in the open room, and gray brick sill walls and partition windows in the secondary, small and extreme rooms. There are double-layer painted horizontal beams, and between the two layers is a wood-carved collar. Take a look at the horizontal beams and ring panels under the eaves, the double dragons are pasted with gold and the seals are painted.

Under the eaves of the Ming Dynasty, there is a plaque of "Leshoutang", which was originally written by Qianlong and rewritten by Guangxu.

The word "Leshou" comes from the "Analects of Confucius" in "The knower enjoys (reading) water, the benevolent enjoys (recalling) the mountain, the knower moves, the benevolent is quiet, the knower is happy (reading), the benevolent enjoys longevity" . Look at Mr. Kong, there is only such a passage, but the word "le" has two pronunciations, and those who don't know it must read it wrong. Twenty years later, when Laogan rebuilt the Ningshou Palace area where he lived after retirement, he mentioned the title of Leshou Hall in Qingyi Garden. There is also a Leshou Hall in the Ningshou Palace, in which there are two famous large jade carvings, one of which is "Dayu Controls the Water". The Leshou Hall in the palace is not because it is surrounded by mountains and rivers, but because Dong Qichang said that after Zhao Gou, Emperor Gaozong of the Southern Song Dynasty, abdicated due to fatigue, he was called the Old Man of Leshou, so Lao Gan named his post-retirement residence Leshou Hall.

The interior of the Leshou Hall in the Summer Palace is covered with gold bricks and a ceiling with hidden flowers. Wool carpets are laid in the open room, and a floor is set in the middle. On the ground there is a red sandalwood carved dragon throne, at the back there are fifteen red sandalwood screens with a glass mirror heart inlaid with mother-of-pearl, and there is a red sandalwood imperial case in front. There are palm fans on both sides, incense table, tripod stove, and a pair of large blue and white porcelain fruit plates made in Kangxi year that are not found elsewhere. Hanging on the back screen above the golden pillar and horizontal frame is the paper plaque of "Cihui Yizhi" in Guangxu's handwriting, which means the blessing of the old lady. The east and west are slightly separated by partition fans and closed as warm pavilions.

There are woodcut and carved door covers in the front room. There are paper plaques written by Empress Dowager Cixi on the horizontal beams of the Ming Dynasty and on the door cover of the second room.

In the middle of the Ming Dynasty, the golden pillar hanging on the front is "Longevity Without Borders". The words come from "The Book of Songs Xiaoya": "The king is Buer, and his life is boundless." On the door cover of the second room in Baoxia East is "Spring Wave Painting Boat", which is very straightforward. It is a great pleasure to watch the spring waves of Kunming Lake in Le Shoutang, and the painting boat is far away. In Lu You's inscription on Shen Yuan in Shaoxing, there is "The green spring wave under the bridge of sadness, which was once a shadow of a frightened bird", which is a memory of Tang Wan. Qianlong also said that "painted boats are what I like, cloud boats are not boats. Yayi is windy and smooth, and the water sinks and floats together." Hanging on the door cover of the second room in the west of Baoxia is "Yan Xia Shu Juan", which is also very straightforward. Cui Zhixian in the Tang Dynasty had a saying that "clouds bloom with emerald banks, and the water is full of freshness. The forest is lingering, and the haze rolls away".

Check out the mascot placed in front of the house. There are deer, cranes and vases in front of the hall, which symbolize "six (remembering the deer) harmony and peace". Look at that deer.

You see that deer has a rope in its mouth, why? Many tour guides told his clients that it was a symbol of Xuanyuan Huangdi, whose mount was a deer and whose weapon was a rope. This is another twist! We all know that Huangdi's mount is Huanglong, and his weapon is Xuanyuan sword. In fact, this deer is a fetish of the Manchu shaman belief, a reindeer and a god rope. This deer is not a sika deer, but a Manchu totem reindeer. That rope is not a straw rope, but a god rope made of wool, which is equivalent to a god pole. When offering sacrifices to shamans outdoors, a pillar is erected, which is called a sacred pole. If the shaman is worshiped indoors, hang a god rope on the roof and fix the lower end to the ground. This magic weapon symbolizes the sacred tree, which is the channel for the shaman to communicate with the gods, and some offerings should be hung on it during the sacrifice. Putting a reindeer title rope in front of the Leshou Hall means that the Manchu royal family cannot forget its roots, which is the same as offering sacrifices to shamans in the Kunning Palace in the palace.

Check out the pedestal of this reindeer.

The inscription is engraved with the seal of Cixi's "Heaven, Earth, One Spring" and the time scale "Guangxu Year System". Tiandiyiyichun is a concubine’s dormitory in the Old Summer Palace. In the 25th year of Qianlong (AD 1760), imperial concubine Wei Jiashi gave birth to the emperor’s fifteenth son, Yongyan, who later ascended the Jiaqing throne. Cixi's love of Tiandijiachun is of course not to commemorate Yongyan's birthplace, but because she lived here when she accompanied her to the Old Summer Palace, and it was at this time that she received the dragon species of Emperor Xianfeng, with great sincerity and fear. Later, Zaichun, the eldest son of the emperor, was born in Da Nei Chuxiu Palace, who became the later Emperor Tongzhi. "Heaven, Earth, One Family Spring" comes from Yang Juyuan's "Chun Ri Dedicated to Shengshou Boundless Ci" in the Tang Dynasty, in which there is a sentence "Nine Gates of Clouds and Nine Gates, Heaven and Earth One Family Spring".

The copper vase and the copper deer belong to the same group, and have the same signature.

The copper crane is also signed in this way.

There are also a pair of copper cylinders and fire water cylinders in the corner. Because it is not considered a mascot, it retreats to the back row.

Most of the bronze wares in the Summer Palace are made during the reconstruction of Guangxu, and there are only a few leftovers from the Qianlong period. Look at this, the copper tripod furnace in front of the Hall of Renshou, engraved with "made in the year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty" along the edge of the furnace mouth.

Le Shoutang is directly opposite, where there is a huge and famous stone.

Its scientific name is "Qingzhixiu". The red lacquer on the characters has degraded, and the word "Zhixiu" can still be seen now. Zhi refers to Ganoderma lucidum, which is also a fairy grass. Xiu originally meant a cave, and evolved to mean smooth rocks. This stone is not jade or Taihu stone, it is a large bluestone shaped like Ganoderma lucidum. It is famous not because of the name "Zhixiu", but because of its nickname "Prodigal Stone". The story behind it has a long history, is well-known to every household, and is very popular, so there is no need to say more. In addition to this prodigal stone, there are also some Taihu stones and fake tree bonsai in the yard.

In front of the prodigal stone is the main entrance of Leshoutang.

What you see in the courtyard of Le Shoutang is the back of the main entrance. Go to its south-facing front.

Below the main gate is a foot and a half high base, five rooms wide and three rooms deep, with eaves corridors at the front and back. The back eaves corridor passes through the mountain and connects with the corridor in the courtyard, which is another corridor connected to the gate hall. On the top is the top of the mountain with gray tiles and single-eave rolling sheds, and on the beams and beams are painted paintings of Ssangyong and Xi. This courtyard gate is the highest standard in the back bedroom, but it is not a formal gate hall, but a hall room, which is more suitable to be called the south room.

If the south house is the courtyard gate, the piece of Qingzhixiu can be used as a screen wall. But the south room is not the gate of Le Shoutang, so this big stone is only a landscape stone in the courtyard, and it is the largest landscape stone in the garden since Qingyi Garden.

Under the eaves of the Ming Room in the south room hangs a plaque of "Shuimu Ziqin", which was originally written by Qianlong and rewritten by Cixi. The meaning is taken from Chu Guangxi's "Zhongnan Youju Presents Su Shilang Three Poems When Paying Attention to Tai Zhuwei", in which there is "resist policy and return to Nanshan, and water and trees will meet each other". This poem was written by Chu Guangxi when he was frustrated in officialdom and fled to Zhongnan Mountain to live in seclusion. Later, he came back to be Taizhu. Before leaving the mountain to take office, Chu Guangxi wrote several poems to vent his anger, this is one of them. The original intention is to say that although your capital is majestic and bright, it is not full of flies and dogs all day long. It's not as good as I fight back and return to Nanshan, and Mizuki will be on a blind date. The policy of resistance is to raise the whip and drive the horse, and the water and the trees are self-dating, which means that all the mountains and rivers in the south are close to me. You can also open a road in the deep forest, and go to pick weeds in the morning; there are also phoenixes singing on the Nangang, and horned dragons singing in the water. Chu Guangxi's pastoral poems originated from Lao Tao, which is not inferior to Changling's frontier poems.

Lao Gan inscribed the four characters "Shuimu Ziqin" here, which literally means that the water in Kunming Lake and the wood on Longevity Mountain are on a blind date. It also has the meaning of a blind date between the deity and the old woman who lives here. Wood is born with water, the mother is water, and the child is wood. In the original poem, it is said that all the water and trees in the mountains are close to the poet, and here it is written by Lao Gan that the water and trees are close to each other. The meaning of a single word is changed, so it is said that "a tiny bit of a loss is a thousand miles away", which is a proof of the profoundness of Chinese.

The platform in front of the house is a pier with a circle of white marble Zen stick railings. The Yulantang Wharf in front of the Emperor's Backyard is the Emperor's Wharf, which of course is the Empress Dowager Wharf. When the Queen Mother was playing in the garden, she boarded the boat and set off here, and she also disembarked here when she came back. However, during the period of Qingyi Garden, when Qianlong’s bridesmaids came to the garden by boat, they did not take the Yulantang Pier or the Leshoutang Pier, but the Dabaoen Yanshou Temple Pier, which is now the Paiyunmen Pier. There is a light pole on the Le Shoutang Wharf.

This object is not an ancestor of Qingyi Garden, but was added to the Summer Palace during the Guangxu period. When Cixi lived in the Summer Palace, she raised a lamp on this pole and lowered it when she left. Then this is the news tree of Le Shoutang, from which Guangxu can spy on the Queen Mother's whereabouts.

On the east and west sides of Le Shoutang, besides the entrance hall, there are also five small wing rooms on both sides of the main building, which should be the servants' studios, or the nanny's rooms.

After seeing the front yard, go to the backyard separated by the veranda. Wang Zhihuan of the Tang Dynasty said, "If you want to see a thousand miles away, you can go to a higher level." If we want to find out, we should go to the hospital.

It turns out that there are also five buildings behind this Leshou Hall, and the half circle of verandas surrounds the entire back of the main building.

Look at the eaves and corridors of the Houbao Building.

On the north side of the backyard is a row of nine rear-covered houses with front eaves, in groups of three. According to the rules, the base of the back room is shorter than the main room and as high as the gate hall. On the top is the hard top of the gray tile rolling shed.

The circle of verandas in the courtyard of Le Shoutang must also be connected to the backyard. Take a look at the East Corridor. Huang Tingjian in the Song Dynasty said that "Japanese and Western officials are scattered in the East Corridor, and Pu Wei brings coolness".

Looking at the West Corridor again, Bai Juyi in the Tang Dynasty said that "the dew wets the wall and the flowers are full of spring, and the upper half of the bed in the West Corridor is overcast".

Corridor corners are formally called corner corridors. In the Tang Dynasty, Han Xun said, "Walking around the corridor and leaning on the pillars is melancholy, when the drizzle is light and cold, and the flowers fall."

When you come out of the backyard, you can take a closer look at the main building of Le Shoutang. It is the front and back buildings, surrounded by corridors. But there seems to be something wrong, since there are corridors in the rear buildings, why is there no corridors in the front buildings? correct! As I said before, the verandah in the back bedroom should connect the houses. This is the original state of Qingyi Garden, otherwise it is the reconstruction and expansion of the Summer Palace. You can see that the verandahs on both sides of the Leshou Hall originally lead to the eaves of the main building, but the five eaves corridors were closed in front of the building.

Auspicious paintings are hung outside the closed side gable of the front eaves porch, and on the east side is a blue peacock standing among white peonies, which is called "icing on the cake". Qu Yuan once sang: "The peacocks prosper in the garden, the beasts are the kings. The cockroaches are in the morning, and the miscellaneous pheasants are only. The swans travel on behalf of the birds, and the manly birds. The soul is coming back! The phoenix is ​​flying."

On the west side is a picture of pines and cypresses with double cranes.

This is Songhe Yannian. The ancients have a poem saying: "For thousands of years, the crane has lived in the long-lived pine, and the frost feathers are in the green branches. There are changes in the four seasons, but there is no change. I wish to have the same life as my emperor." This was made by Lang Sixiao, an official monk in the Liao Dynasty. He wrote a picture of a pine and a crane to celebrate the birthday of Liao Xingzong Yelvzongzhen.

In this way, you will understand that in the Qingyi Garden of Leshoutang, the main building was built at the back with a circle of verandas, and there was no building in front. After Qianlong's original work was destroyed, when Guangxu rebuilt the Summer Palace, five additional buildings were built in front of it, and the front eaves corridor was closed. During the reconstruction, the front exit corridor and the rear exit building were changed to the front and rear exit buildings. What else to change? Qianlong's original work was a two-story building, but Guangxu changed it to a single-story hall. Some people call the current architectural form of Le Shoutang a cross plane with three coupons and a roof, but I would rather call it a front and back building. The roof with three hooks is usually used in a hall with a particularly large depth. There is a roof with three coupons on the roof, which is the same size as the three coupons. The Jingyixuan of the Forbidden City and Jianfu Palace is such a three-coupon hook-up rolling shed on the top of the mountain. The Summer Palace also has a hook-up roof. If you want to see the top of the cross hill, you can refer to the corner tower of the Forbidden City.

There is another special place in Le Shoutang. All courtyards in the Summer Palace have the main entrance opposite the main house, and the same is true in the imperial palace. The south room of Kele Shoutang cannot be called the gate hall, of course it is not the main entrance. The gates of Leshou Hall are on the east and west sides, and the east and west halls are used as the gates. Isn't it special? Let me tell you, there is also such a courtyard in the imperial palace, which was originally installed in the early Ming Dynasty. That is Nanxun Hall on Waichao West Road, southwest of Wuying Hall, which is not open now. I don't know if Lao Gan borrowed the layout style of Nanxun Hall when he built Qingyi Garden?

The first tenant of Le Shoutang in the Qingyi Garden period was of course the Empress Dowager Chongqing. The West Nuan Pavilion is the bedroom, the East Nuan Pavilion is the living room, and the second floor is the Buddhist hall. During the Summer Palace period, the West Nuan Pavilion was still a bedroom, and the East Nuan Pavilion was a small Buddhist hall without a second floor. The nine back-covered rooms were also Buddhist halls during the Qingyi Garden period. The Empress Dowager went there to worship Buddha after she could not go up to the second floor. It was used as a warehouse during the Summer Palace period. Compared with those empress dowagers in the early Qing Dynasty, Cixi did not worship Buddhism very much. The Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang and the Empress Dowager Chongqing are both models of worshiping Buddha. They never leave their rosary beads and Buddhist scriptures. There is a special Buddhist hall in the palace, the Cining Palace. Empress Dowager Cixi was busy hanging curtains and doing government affairs every day. Although Dongnuan Pavilion was set up as a Buddhist hall, she had no time to respect my Buddha.

When the Leshou Hall in Qingyi Garden was completed, Lao Gan came to check and accept it. After the completion, he sat on the throne in the hall and tried the imperial case. Jun Tao Jinxiu chemical castor, pine, bamboo, Sheng and Huang Xian are harmonious. Abandoning time and tranquility are still pens and inks, and Gou Meng's business has reached its roots. There is no comfort by the window, and the West Mountain of Huiwei is beautiful.

There are two ancillary buildings on the east and west sides of Le Shoutang, which can also be called east-west courtyards. To the west is a small courtyard called Yangrenfeng. Go out from the west gate of Le Shoutang, and the south-facing moon gate on the north side of the courtyard is usually closed. This is the main gate of Yang Renfeng.

That's how it is when the door is open.

Go in and have a look.

There is a pool of clear water in the courtyard, surrounded by uneven rockery. Going along the path to the slope, there is a south-facing hut. The hut is three rooms wide and one room deep, with a gray tile roll shed and a hard mountain top. There are four partition doors in the Ming room, and the whitewashed walls and leaky windows in the second room. The most peculiar thing is that the second room is bent forward, and there are eight fan-shaped stone strips on the ground in front of the house. This shape is the name of this house, which is called "Fan Face Hall". The stone strips on the ground in front of the house are regarded as fan bones, and a lotus stone pier is placed on the fan shaft. Under the eaves of the fan hall, there should be a plaque of "Yang Renfeng", but it has disappeared.

"Yang Renfeng" is taken from the "Book of Jin Biography of Yuan Hong", which says that Xie An and Yuan Hong had a farewell banquet with their friends before they became new officials. Xie An was a very powerful military strategist in ancient times. He once served as prime minister and commanded 80,000 Eastern Jin troops to defeat Fu Jian's 300,000 former Qin soldiers in the Battle of Feishui, laying the foundation for the subsequent two hundred years of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. When the farewell banquet for Xie An and Yuan Hong was over, Xie An gave Yuan Hong a leaf to check whether his reaction was quick. Yuan Hong took the fan and said to him: "You should promote the wind of benevolence and comfort the common people", that is, to use this fan to serve as the prefect of Dongyang County to fan the wind of benevolent government to the local people. The small courtyard here was originally built in the Qingyi Garden. Qianlong chose this layout and title to show that he was good at benevolent government, rather than tyrannical and tyrannical. Ancient emperors all said that they had benevolence, even Shang Zhou and Sui Yang boasted so, and Lao Gan was no exception. He also wrote a poem about his own fan, which said: "It's like a fan for the pavilion, facing the scenery and title." I want to benevolent and change the wind, not to clear up the summer vacation. The complaining party is thinking, and Huaibao must be sincere. Those who hold a gift of Lun towel should not boast of using their wisdom.

Yangrenfeng is a small garden built by Emperor Qianlong for his mother, the Empress Dowager Chongqing, similar to the Garden of Compassion Palace in the imperial palace. There is a group of small goldfishes in that pool of clear water. The Empress Dowager can come for a walk in this garden when she has nothing to do, and she can also visit Yuanxian fish. It is also possible to ask the maids to support the uphill and stand in front of the fan-faced hall to look down at the scenery, making it look like a high hall facing the wind. During the Summer Palace period, Empress Dowager Cixi also liked goldfish, and she even raised goldfish in the Leshou Hall, where she placed a red sandalwood fish table. In addition to the Moon Gate in the picture above, the Queen Mother can also walk through the convenient door on the west corridor in the backyard of Le Shoutang.

Yang Renfeng is not open now, neither the moon gate nor this convenient gate is open all year round.

On the west side of Le Shoutang, there is Yang Ren Feng, and on the east side, there is also a courtyard, which is Yongshou Zhai.

This is an octagonal gate with a wall. Once Yongshouzhai enters the courtyard, there are two houses in the north and south. Look at the South Room.

The south house is five rooms wide and three rooms deep, with eaves and corridors at the front and back, and a gray tile roll shed with a hard mountain top.

Looking at the backyard, the main house is the north house.

The main house is also five rooms wide and two rooms deep, with a verandah in front. The top is also a hard mountain top with gray tile rolling sheds, and the beams and beams are painted with Soviet-style spinners.

There is an east wing room on the left hand side of the main house.

The horizontal plaque of Yongshouzhai is hung under the eaves of the main house. Yongshou is longevity. In Pan An's "Ode to Qiuju" in the Western Jin Dynasty, there is a saying "It is not only prolonging longevity, but also eliminating diseases." Look at this plaque, it is written by Cixi from right to left, which is normal. However, the plaque on the gate of the octagonal courtyard was copied from left to right, indicating that when the gate was rebuilt, the westerly wind had blown from the east and entered the royal forbidden area.

This Yongshouzhai small courtyard is not a Qingyi Garden building, but an addition to the Summer Palace. It was the residence of Li Lianying, the chief eunuch when Cixi came to the Summer Palace. At this time, Li Lianying had been promoted from the chief eunuch of the fourth-rank Chuxiu Palace to the chief supervisor of the second-rank Jingshifang, and his official name was "Palace Supervisor and Chief Attendant". The official purpose of this Yongshou Zhai is to live in the office of the Summer Palace in the respect room. When Empress Dowager Cixi came to the garden to escape the summer heat, Li Lianying worked in the south room and slept in the north room. There is only one manager of the Summer Palace under the chief manager of the respect room. He may not work here or live here.

The yard of Yongshou Zhai is not big, but there are quite a few doors. The main entrance can be seen from above, which is the octagonal door with the wall under the flower stand. On the right hand side of the main building of Yongshouzhai, there is a wall door leading directly to the backyard of Leshoutang.

From the backyard of Le Shoutang, this is the side door under the east corridor.

There is also a small door on the courtyard wall on the right hand side of the south room, and inside that door is the East Wing of Le Shoutang. On the left hand side of the main room of Yongshouzhai, there is a small door on the courtyard wall at the south corner of the east wing. After going out, there is a road outside the north gate of the Emperor's Backyard. Take a look from the outside.

There is also a small cross courtyard here, which is behind the east wing of Yongshou Zhai.

Looking at Le Shoutang Wharf, Le Shoutang South House and Light Pole from Kunming Lake.

Broaden your horizons a bit and take a step back.

The white walls on both sides of the south room are the outer walls of the south verandah of Leshou Hall. The east end leads to the emperor's backyard, and the west end leads to the long corridor, which is extremely long. Although it is extremely long, it can still be seen at a glance.

Check out those beautiful window paintings on the verandah façade.

The Summer Palace is the summer residence for the royal family. It is called the Summer Palace. The emperor can live and work in the Summer Palace. The royal family should also have a winter palace, right? We now call Beihai Park the Royal Winter Palace, which is actually not correct. The emperor doesn't live in Beihai to escape the cold in winter, at most he goes in for a walk. The Summer Palace is too far away, and the emperor will be frostbitten on the road. Beihai and Jingshan are very close, and the emperor will not be frozen if he goes in in winter.

In fact, the Summer Palace also has warm sunshine in winter. Look at the backyard of Le Shoutang in winter: the leaves are falling and the trees are not withered, and the courtyard is warm and sunny.

There is no winter without snow, and the falling flowers are flying in the catkins. One piece, two pieces, three or four pieces, five, six, seven, eighty, ninety pieces. Thousands of pieces, thousands of pieces, countless pieces, flying under the eaves and disappearing.

Strolling into the queen bedroom of the royal family in the snow, there is a gentleman in the Yulan Hall trying to get rid of the snow.

Occasionally, there are tourists in the Yiyun Pavilion who walk miserably.

There are also snowflakes flying in the courtyard.

The spring snow flies wildly and the silver catkins fly, and the cold weather in the ancient garden pretends to be sad. I didn't hear the chaimen house dog barking, only saw the wind and snow returning to people to remind me.

The wind stops the snow and the sky gradually brightens,

Happy Camp for Children on Snow.

The snow on the house reflects the sunshine.

Although the Summer Palace is the ideal place for the royal family to escape the summer heat, its most beautiful time begins in the spring season. In the back bedroom, Yulan from Le Shoutang is the first to dance on stage.

One or two flowers bloom,

Three or four magnolia flowers,

There are five or six old houses,

Seventy or eighty ninety people.

In the past, there was a huge purple magnolia tree in the backyard of Yiyun Pavilion, but now it has disappeared.

After the magnolia leaves, all kinds of flowers bloom, and the branches are colorful.

In front of the building, lilac palace begonias, with numerous branches and flowers forming a row. Under the glazed leaves, Qiongbai is in chaos, and outside the golden house is busy picking up fragrance.

The downstairs of Xijia is full of flowers.

Chun Tao just left, and Lilac came again. It is fragrant every day and sings every night.

Begonias in front of the house, lilacs in the porch.

Appreciate the spring scenery under the epidemic situation, and be prepared.

The sun is warm, the wind is warm and spring is coming, and thousands of candles are sent to the god of plague.

Walk all over the front court and sleep at the back, and look at the winter and spring in the palace. Sighing for more than a hundred years in the past, chanting the present is more emotional. Kou Huyou's hatred is full of words and papers, and he reorganizes the mountains and rivers across the golden saddle.

(to be continued)