In 2021, I once - walked through Beijing...

Walk past Tiananmen, Forbidden City, Taimiao, Sheji Temple, Temple of Heaven, Temple of Earth...Walk through Chang'an Avenue, Beinanheyan Street, Wangfujing, Dongjiaomin Alley, Nanluogu Alley, Sanlitun...Walk through Beihai, Shichahai, Jingshan, Yuanmingyuan, Summer Palace, Olympic Park... Walk past Tsinghua Garden, Weiming Lake, Xueyuan Road, Zhongshu Pavilion...Walk past the former residences of Ji Yun, Lu Xun, Lao She, Qi Baishi...Walk through Panjiayuan, Liulichang West Street, 798 Art Street, Jingmangenshi Art Museum...Walk through China National Park Museum, Capital Museum, Poly Art Museum, Guanfu Museum, Confucian Temple and Guozijian, Prince Kung’s Mansion, Lugou Bridge, Ming Tombs, Natural History Museum, China Geological Museum, National Art Museum of China, China Red Sandalwood Museum, Beijing Yingjie Hard Rock Art Museum, Chinese People Revolutionary Military Museum, Chinese Court Museum...Passing through National Grand Theater, Capital Theater, Xinjiekou Deyun Society, Contemporary MOMA Broadway Cinema...Passing through Tanzhe Temple, Hongluo Temple, Zhihua Temple, Yunju Temple, Dajue Temple , Lama Temple, Xihuang Temple, Miaoying Temple, Zhenjue Temple, Baiyun Temple...Walk through Jiufeng, Xiangshan, Badachu, North and South Tianmen Mountains...Walk through Nanxinfang, Liuliqu, Cuandixia, Lingshui Village, Gubei Water Town...Passing through Badaling, Juyongguan, Mutianyu, Huanghuacheng, Simatai...

1. Tiananmen Square

2. Streets and alleys

3. University Primary School

4. Former Residence of Celebrities

5. Museum

6. Park

7. Temple, temple, temple, church, mosque

8. Mountains

9. Villages

10. The Great Wall

1. Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square and its surroundings are probably the first stop for tourists to Beijing; I love Beijing Tiananmen, the sun rises on Tiananmen... the dense national symbol - Tiananmen - is also the pattern of the national emblem, Chang'an Street, across the street and the five-star red flag flying on Tiananmen Square , the Monument to the People's Heroes, the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall, the Zhengyangmen Tower at the south end, the National Museum of China on the east side of the square, and the Great Hall of the People on the west side. This is not just a scenic spot, there is no doubt that Tiananmen has too much symbolic meaning for the sons and daughters of the Chinese people-it is the root of the spiritual home of the Chinese nation, the center of national politics and culture; After the city tower was built in the past few years, the rise and fall of the nation's honor and disgrace for hundreds of years, and the road to revival today...

Tiananmen Square--National Day Flower Basket

National Museum of China

People's Heroes Monument

Chairman Mao Memorial Hall

Great Hall of the People

Zhengyangmen Gate Tower - Arrow Tower

Eleventh Tiananmen

2. Streets and alleys

The streets and alleys in Beijing - hutongs are the face of Beijing and the daily life of Beijing's real life: even if the streets are as wide as Chang'an Avenue and the North Fourth Ring Road, no matter day or night, there will be heavy traffic going round and round; and hutongs - thousands of hutongs The courtyard houses of tens of thousands of households are more often the daily life of Beijing people. Of course, some of them, like Nanluoguxiang, have become bustling bars in scenic spots, which is also the reality of the moment. On one side is endless prosperity and high-rise buildings, and on the other side is the customs and customs accumulated for hundreds of years in hutongs and alleys. This is Beijing, modern and traditional...

In the south of the Forbidden City and the Forbidden City, there is Chang'an Street. The name of Chang'an comes from the ancient capital of the prosperous Tang Dynasty - the meaning of Changzhi and long-term stability. And to Tongzhou.

Chang'an Street


Beinanheyan Street, located on the east side of the Forbidden City, crosses Chang'an Avenue and extends southwards to Zhengyi Road. The three highest judicial organs of the People's Republic of China, the Public Security Bureau and the Law Department, are all on this road; others include Qiushi Magazine, European and American Scholars Association (Qingpusheng Temple old address), etc. There is the former site of Sino-French University on Donghuangchenggen Street, Beiheyan Street Auxiliary Road; Sino-French University is one of the early activities of the Communist Party of China. Comrade Chen Yi once studied here and served as the secretary of the party branch.

Former Site of Sino-French University

Supreme People's Court

Supreme People's Procuratorate

There is a monument to the May 4th Movement at the intersection of Beiheyan Street and Wusi Street, reminding people to look back at the great student patriotic movement that almost swept across major cities in the country more than a hundred years ago in 1919; and here along May 4th Street Go west a little to the Beijing New Culture Movement Memorial Hall - the birthplace of the May 4th Movement, "Peking University Red Building".

May Fourth Movement Monument

Beijing New Culture Movement Memorial Hall

The former residence of Chen Duxiu in the nearby Jiangan Hutong—Chen Duxiu came to Beijing in early 1917 to serve as a professor and dean of liberal arts at Peking University, and lived in No. 9 Jiangan Hutong. Chen Duxiu, nicknamed Zhongfu, nicknamed Shi'an, was born in Huaining, Anhui; an advocate, initiator and main standard-bearer of the New Culture Movement, "Commander-in-Chief of the May 4th Movement", one of the main founders of the Communist Party of China and the main early leaders of the Party . The New Culture Movement started with the publication of "Youth Magazine" edited by Chen Duxiu in 1915, which was renamed "New Youth" the following year. It mainly advocated: advocating democracy, science, new morality, and new literature, and opposing autocracy, superstition, old morality, and old literature.

Chen Duxiu's former residence--the former site of the editorial department of "New Youth"

Wangfujing Pedestrian Street—the most famous commercial pedestrian street in Beijing, Beijing Department Store—on the first floor, there are Beijing Winter Olympics licensed product counters, foreign language bookstores, Commercial Press—the Chinese translation of world academic classics with simple red and white covers, Capital Theater — Lao She's "Tea House", Wangfujing Catholic Church-East Church, etc. On the east side of Wangfujing Pedestrian Street is the best general hospital in China - Peking Union Medical College Hospital.

Commercial Press

Beijing Department Store

Wangfujing Catholic Church - East Church

To the north along Beihe Street is Nanluoguxiang, which is criss-crossed and one of the earliest hutongs in old Beijing. Hutong first started in the Yuan Dynasty. It probably means that it may be a transliteration of Mongolian water well, and then it is extended to a market place where people live together or a place where Hu people live together. Now it is equivalent to a market street; a typical residential unit in a hutong It is a courtyard house—the entrance courtyard and the southeast, northwest and four entrance rooms. In the history of Nanluogu Lane, many princes, high-ranking officials and celebrities lived there, so there are many relics; Qi Baishi's former residence in Yu'er Hutong, Mao Dun's former residence in Houyuan'en Temple Hutong, Chiang Kai-shek's Xingyuan, Mao'er Hutong and Feng Guozhang's former residence, etc. At the entrance of Nanluoguxiang and Donghuaian Hutong is the Central Academy of Drama, which used to be the old residence of Jin Yunpeng, the prime minister of the Beiyang government.


Back Street of Yuan'en Temple -- Chiang Kai-shek Walking

Beibingmasi Hutong

Dongjiaomin Lane and Xijiaomin Lane were originally an alley, which began in the Yuan Dynasty; because this is the main road for transporting rice and grain from the south to the north, it was called Jiangmi Lane at first, and Jiangmi Lane was outside the capital of Yuan Dynasty at that time. Zhu Di, Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty, moved his capital to Beijing. After the construction of Qipan Street, Jiangmi Lane was divided into East Jiangmi Lane and West Jiangmi Lane, and the alleys were also enclosed in Beijing. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Dongjiaomin Lane was the seat of important government offices, and after the Second Opium War in 1860, foreign embassies began to station in Dongjiaomin Lane.

In 1900, the Eight-Power Allied Forces invaded China and the war of aggression against China broke out. In the end, the Qing government signed the "Xin Chou Treaty" with the big powers, which was humiliating and humiliating. "Dongjiaomin Lane was designated as the embassy boundary, allowing all countries to station troops for protection, and Chinese people are not allowed to live in the boundary." Since then, Dongjiaomin Lane It became a country within a country, while China was completely reduced to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. At the beginning of 1949, when Beiping was peacefully liberated, Chairman Mao Zedong ordered that when entering the city, they must pass through Dongjiaomin Lane. On February 3, the troops entering the city entered Dongjiaomin Lane from the front gate to the east...

After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, all the embassies in Dongjiaomin Lane have been moved away—it was moved to the Sanlitun embassy area in 1959, but many historical buildings have been preserved. Therefore, the buildings here are mostly bungalows, which are different from other alleys. In 1992, the Dongjiaominxiang embassy complex was listed as a patriotic education base in Dongcheng District, Beijing. In 2004, it was included in the protection planning of 25 historical and cultural protection areas in Beijing; the main building is St. Michael's Church - a two-story Gothic The Catholic Church, the former site of the Belgian embassy, ​​the former site of the French post office, etc., are generally not open to the public and cannot be visited at will.

There is a clothing store in Dongjiaomin Lane - Hongdu. There are two large and bright glass windows with neat Chinese tunic suits and cheongsams. If you look closely, there is a photo of the first generation of state leaders in the window, and the inscription of "Hongdu" is Mao Zedong. . It turned out to be the headquarters of Hongdu Group, the only state-owned clothing enterprise in Beijing. It used to customize clothing for several generations of state leaders in New China and foreign dignitaries visiting China.

Former Belgian Embassy

Former site of the French embassy

Beijing Tianyu Law Firm


Stone Stele Alley—including the current National Grand Theater area on the east side is about the former site of Jinyiwei in Ming Dynasty

Guanshuyuan Hutong near Lama Temple

Tongrentang—Le Xianyang, whose ancestral home was in Ningbo, Zhejiang, established Tongrentang Pharmacy in Beijing in the eighth year of Emperor Kangxi in 1669; his third son, Le Fengming, inherited his father's business and wrote "Tongrentang Drugs":...Zuncuohou, distinguishing real estate, Although the processing is complicated, you must not save labor, and although the taste is expensive, you must not reduce material resources.


Sanlitun SOHO -- "SOHO" means Small Office, Home Office, business, office, and comprehensive residence. The investor of Sanlitun SOHO is SOHO China Co., Ltd. with Pan Shiyi as the chairman.

There are many Deyun Clubs, the smallest in Sanlitun SOHO and the largest in Xinjiekou—there are upstairs and downstairs, and the interior is somewhat similar to the teahouses in my hometown; it is just square tables and stools in the old teahouse, and here are square tables and chairs.

Sanlitun SOHO Deyun Club

Xinjiekou Deyun Club

The Capital Theater is located on Wangfujing Street, and "Players" is already a classic drama of the Beijing People's Art Theatre. Feng Yuanzheng and Yan Rui starred in two generations of master and apprentice who spent nearly half a century of sad and happy life around collecting antiques.

The contemporary MOMA Broadway theater "Changjin Lake" is an era that is far away but we should not forget. The glory that belongs to this country and the nation was created by that generation in the midst of hardships. Without the bloody sacrifice of that generation, I don't know What kind of world are we in right now...

The National Center for the Performing Arts is on the west side of the Great Hall of the People in Tiananmen Square, designed by French architect Paul Andrew. The semi-elliptical appearance overturned on the water looks surreal, especially when it is located around the 600-year-old Forbidden City. You will feel the obvious visual impact and the collision of Chinese and Western cultures, perhaps at least partly because the design plan caused widespread controversy at the beginning, and finally submitted it to the Political Bureau of the Central Committee for approval after organizing an expert group to demonstrate. The Tiananmen West subway exit underground passage can directly lead to the ticket office of the Grand Theater; inside the theater there are opera halls, concert halls, theaters, small theaters, etc.

National Theatre

Freezing Melody--Sculpture Exhibition: Li Bai, Chun, Verdi

Opera House - Night of the Top Dancers

The small theater Peking Opera "Folding the Gold and Picking the Robe. The Ancient City Club", Guan Yunchang's loyalty has been through the ages and now I don't know who can surpass him. High-ranking officials and nobles, wealth and glory are not easy to achieve. Hanging a gold seal, passing five passes and beheading six generals... We probably know the final imperfection and incompleteness of Guan Yu’s life—careless loss of Jingzhou, defeat of Maicheng...But this does not prevent him from being deeply rooted in the hearts of later Chinese people as the first person of loyalty and righteousness throughout the ages—the north and south of the river are enshrined as Emperor Guan Worship... No one is perfect, and gold is never enough. So, we ordinary people don't need to be too demanding, and understand that an imperfect life is a real life, which is the so-called "doing everything, knowing the destiny"... This also makes us It is easier to face the impermanence of life reality, and face the ups and downs of life calmly...

National Center for the Performing Arts--Small Theater

Liulichang West Street—there was a glazed brick and tile factory built here in the Yuan Dynasty when the capital was built, so it was named after the imperial examination candidates of the Ming and Qing Dynasties who came to Beijing and gathered in this area, so there were writing supplies such as pens, inks, papers and inkstones for sale, which later evolved into ancient calligraphy and paintings Shops and merchants gathered in cultural relics and other shops—Qi Baishi used to sell paintings here to make a living; among them, Rongbaozhai is especially famous, with a history of more than 300 years.

Beijing Xingtan Art Museum—After its completion in 1922, it belonged to the Imperial University Hall, the predecessor of Peking University. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, it became the library of Beijing Normal University. After renovation, it is now open as an art museum.

Beijing Xingtan Art Museum

Panjiayuan Flea Market and Panjiayuan Antique Market refer to Panjiayuan—the three collectible antique markets in Beijing: Panjiayuan visited twice, Liulichang West Street once, and Baoguo Temple passed by and has been closed. The first small village of Panjiayuan, "Panjiayao", went to the "ghost market" roadside stall. It is not modest to say that it is famous all over the country. In fact, it should have been famous for a long time. People go, bustling. I, an ordinary person like me, seems to have no eyes when I go there, and I look like everything is fine, so that's just to watch the excitement...


Baoguo Temple

Guanghua Road Office Area of ​​China Central Radio and Television

798 Art District - 718 Joint Factory, a heavy industry project aided by the Soviet Union in the 1950s. After being split in the 1960s, the 798 Factory was one of them. Then in the early 21st century, artist studios, art institutions, and art exhibition projects began to settle in. Gradually the climate is formed. There are many coffee bars, western restaurants, and various galleries in the factory area-blocks... Didi driver on the way back is very interesting: I am from Suzhou, Jiangsu, and I went to Beijing in 1989; I was very happy along the way. I said that I was very happy, very happy. He is 56 years old, has no problems and has never had salt water. He said he likes to drive and will drive until he is 65 years old...3 children, the second daughter pays him more than 600 a month for commercial medical insurance, and I just paid more than 6,000 today to repay the mortgage. I gave 500 to my family... It means that it's the National Day holiday, I have time to drink some old wine at noon, but many friends and brothers are not going back to their hometown...

798 Art District

Mutton House

Qingfeng Baozi

Four Seasons Minfu Roast Duck

Yan Lan Lou

Zhongguancun - it was originally "Zhongguantun", and the middle officials were eunuchs, because it was said that many eunuchs built temples and provided for the elderly here since the Ming Dynasty. Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park, China's first national-level high-tech industrial development zone; how good Zhongguancun is, look at the surrounding universities - there is the National People's Congress in the south, Tsinghua University and Peking University in the north... High concentration of resources and talents... From the early 1980s "Zhongguancun Electronics A street" has developed into today's "China's Silicon Valley".


Zhongshuge (Zhongguancun Rongke Store)

There are three strange stones in Beijing: Pinggu Xuanyuan Stone, Jinhai Stone, and Yanshan Stone, so Pinggu is also "the hometown of Chinese ornamental stones". Xuanyuan stone is thin, transparent, leaky and wrinkled. It was first discovered in 1991 near Xuanyuan Temple in Pinggu - Xuanyuan Huangdi Temple, so it got its name. Jinhai Stone was discovered near Jinhai Lake, and can be found along the Nandulehe Village and the Li River; it was formed more than a billion years ago, and its main components are quartz and iron. It is a picture stone with a natural charm, similar to paintings of various figures, Flowers, birds, trees... the aura of heaven and earth, poetic and picturesque, known as "Chinese paintings painted on stones".

The Pinggu Strange Stone Museum was demolished, and there were only a lot of huge boulders standing there; an old gentleman was selling small things—walnuts, bracelets—like sandalwood, etc., and bought a pair of walnuts for 30 yuan— Panjiayuan's "Walnut Poplar" costs 200, 300, 500 for a pair. I asked about it and said that I could go to the nearby Jingman Root Stone Art Museum; later I found out that it was the Jingman-Gen Stone Art Museum, and the owner's name was Jing Man, who was good at root carving. Turning around to have a look, it is indeed very beautiful. The price is one or two thousand for small pieces and tens of thousands for large ones. It is just that it has been polished and processed to make it round and smooth, but it lacks the simplicity and naturalness of the original stone; I explain the appreciation of stones - that is, pictographs, and workmanship and so on. After I came out, I went to the Yihe River to have a look. The fate was really good. There are a few Jinhai stones that are quite image-like.

Original Pinggu Strange Stone Museum

Jingman Root Stone Art Museum

3. University Primary School

In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the national education was heavy on liberal arts, weak on engineering, and urgently needed engineering talents, so high-rise buildings were built on white ground, and eight colleges of higher learning were planned and built along Xueyuan Road: the west side was Beijing Aviation, Geology, Mining, and Forestry Colleges from south to north. , and the east side is the School of Medicine, Iron and Steel, Petroleum, and Agricultural Mechanization. Now the eight colleges have all turned into universities one after another, and today the well-known colleges and universities around Xueyuan Road are like stars.

Xueyuan Road and Aerospace, Geology, Mining, Forestry University, Peking University Health Science Center

Universities near Xueyuan Road China Politics and Law, Beiyou, Beiying, Beijing Normal University, National People's Congress of China

Tsinghua University West Gate and Street Trees

Mei Yiqi, born in Tianjin; in 1931, he took office as the president of National Tsinghua University and gave a speech: The so-called university does not mean that there are buildings, but that there are masters.

Tsinghua Garden--Zhu Ziqing's "Moonlight on the Lotus Pond": There are many trees growing around the lotus pond, which are lush and lush. On the side of the road, there are some willows and some trees whose names I don't know...

East Gate of Peking University

Guanghua School of Management

Peking University Law School, Ode to the Fazhu: The fire from the earth suddenly rushes, and the strange stones formed by nature, which are adjacent to the liberal arts, are called "Fazhu". The Dharma pillars are like mirrors, reflecting the dusty bamboo slips of the capital, the majestic writings of the Red Chamber, and the grand scrolls of Yanyuan. The Fazhu is the pen, full of unnamed pulp, full of books, full of fan and Zhangxian. The pillars of the law are full of plums, and the beauty of the beautiful forest is beautiful, the law is clear and virtuous, and it is square and round. Long this pillar, fist fist my heart, rule the world by law, Kunlun inscription engraved.

The statue of Mr. Cai Yuanpei by the Weiming Lake

Cai Yuanpei, born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, was the first head of education in the Republic of China; he was the president of Peking University from 1916.12 to 1927.08. He advocated the independence of education and advocated "freedom of thought and inclusiveness" in academic research. creator of the spirit. Fu Sinian said: "Mr. Cai Yuanpei really represents two great cultures: one is the cultivation of traditional Chinese sages; These two cultures are dead in China!" Liang Shuming, known as the last Confucianist, once recalled: "The achievements of Mr. Cai's life are not in learning, not in making achievements, but in developing a kind of atmosphere, causing a big trend, affecting the whole country, and reaping the fruits for later generations. Of course, this was not done by him alone, but many people participated in the upcoming sports meeting. However, when counting, Mr. Cai must be the first.”

Heizhima Hutong Primary School, the history of the school can be traced back to the Xianghuangqi official school established in 1644; there are many school sites scattered in the Hutong area of ​​Nanluoguxiang, the name of the school inscribed by Mr. Mao Dun.

Beijing Primary School, the same age as the Republic.

Beijing No. 1 Experimental Primary School was founded in 1912, formerly known as the "Primary School Affiliated to National Beijing Higher Normal School". Famous alumni in history include Wu Xueqian, Ren Jianxin, Qian Xuesen, Wu Dayou, Lin Haiying, etc. Deng Yingchao is the school's first female teacher.

4. Former Residence of Celebrities

Ji Yun, courtesy name Xiaolan, was born in Xian County, Hejian Prefecture, Zhili Province (now Hebei Province); he was the editor-in-chief of Siku Quanshu during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. In Ji Xiaolan’s former residence, there is an ancient crabapple tree, which is more than 300 years old. It is said that Ji Yun planted it and left a poem about the crabapple: haggard and beautiful, the drama is pitiful, and the setting sun courtyard is late in autumn; . During the period of the Republic of China, Liu Shaobai lived here, so it was also called "Liu Mansion". In 1931, Mei Lanfang and others established the Beijing National Opera Society here; later it became the site of Fuliancheng Society, a professional class for training Peking Opera talents. Fuliancheng Society has trained many famous masters in the history of Peking Opera development, and has the most far-reaching influence, which is unmatched by other majors. Going out of the former residence and turning right is Jingyun Garden. In the garden, there is an inscription of "The Birthplace of Peking Opera" and a pavilion - there is a couplet: since ancient times, people have to have a skill in the world, and the plaque is hung - Fu Liancheng.

Former Residence of Ji Xiaolan

Life of Liu Shaobai

Beijing Rhyme Garden

Zhang Zhidong, born in Xingyi Prefecture, Guizhou Province, was a famous minister in the late Qing Dynasty and a representative of the Westernization Movement in the Qing Dynasty; Integrity and selflessness", together with Zeng Guofan, Li Hongzhang, and Zuo Zongtang, were called the four famous ministers of ZTE in the late Qing Dynasty.

Former Residence of Zhang Zhidong

Mao Dun, a modern Chinese writer, formerly known as Shen Dehong, courtesy name Yanbing, was born in Tongxiang, Zhejiang Province. His representative works include "Midnight" and "Spring Silkworm". After the founding of the People's Republic of China, he served as the first chairman of the Chinese Writers Association and the Minister of Culture of the Central People's Government. The Mao Dun Literary Award was originally established based on Mr. Mao Dun’s last wish with the 250,000 manuscript fee donated by him. It is mainly used to reward novels. It has become one of the highest honored literary awards in China.

The former residence of Mao Dun, where Mao Dun spent his later years

In 1950, Lao She bought this courtyard house. In 1953, Mr. Lao She and his wife Hu Jieqing planted two persimmon trees in the courtyard, so it was also called Danshi Courtyard. Lao She wrote "Tea House" and other works here. It was already late autumn when I went, and the persimmon trees in the clean yard were covered with golden persimmons. The warm and quiet afternoon sunlight slanted through the branches of the persimmon trees and fell obliquely on the red window edges and door frames in the yard. In the sound film, the melodious and simple voice recorded by Lao She when he was young is played repeatedly...

Lao She's Former Residence

Lu Xun (1881-1936), formerly known as Zhou Zhangshou, courtesy name Yucai, later changed his name to Zhou Shuren, was born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang. In 1902, he went to Japan to study language and preparatory courses at the official expense. In the same class and dormitory, there were two classmates from Hangzhou, Li Suizhi and Qian Junfu, who later became lifelong friends. The first principal of Zhejiang Medical Specialized School (predecessor of Zhejiang Medical University), the earliest medical specialized school founded by himself; Qian Junfu entered Tokyo Higher Normal School in Japan, and served as Zhejiang Provincial No. 1 Middle School (now Hangzhou Senior High School) after returning to China The principal, one of his two most outstanding students is Li Linsi, and the other is his son Qian Xuesen.

Starting from Shaoxing, the birthplace of Mr. Lu Xun, the museum takes the time axis as the main line, retrospectively exhibiting his growth in school, as well as his revolutionary and magnificent life. In that era of great social turmoil and national survival, where is the way for individuals and nations? "Life is my own thing, so I might as well stride towards the road I think I can go; even if there is an abyss, thorns, narrow valleys, and fire pits ahead, I will be responsible for them." "What is a road? It is trampled on where there is no road, and it is opened from where there are only thorns." The length of life is always sad for a hundred years, but the breadth of life can stretch to infinity...

Lu Xun's Former Residence

Lu Xun's hand planting cloves

Beijing Lu Xun Museum

The Memorial Hall of Qi Baishi's Former Residence is located in Courtyard No. 13, Yu'er Hutong. In the middle of the courtyard is a bronze statue of Qi Baishi created by Mr. Wu Weishan, director of the National Art Museum of China. The East Wing Room is an exhibition of Qi Baishi's life, which records Mr. Qi Baishi's study and creation experience as well as his contacts with the leaders of major countries in New China and related social celebrities; Qi Baishi, a native of Xiangtan, Hunan, is a master of modern painting. He was a carpenter in his early years, and he was good at ink, flowers, birds, fish and shrimps. His work "The Sound of Frogs Come Out of Mountain Spring from Ten Miles" with the theme of the 91-year-old Mr. The long river is only between the scale and ink.

Memorial Hall of Qi Baishi's Former Residence

5. Museum

Museum—a cultural and educational institution that collects cultural and natural heritage.

It can be said that you come into contact with more and more different civilizations, and you can say that you know little or nothing about these civilizations...Chen Chengjun--Deputy Director of the National Museum of China

Beijing Palace Museum

Forbidden City--Tiananmen

Taimiao West Gate

Sheji Altar - East Gate of Zhongshan Park

Hall of Supreme Harmony

Danbi stone


West Gate

National Museum of China

Basic Display - Ancient China

Early Paleolithic Age--Guanyin Cave in Qianxi, Guizhou

Jade Dragon--Hongshan Culture

Fu Hao Ou Zun Shang Wuding

Oracle Shang Wuding

Bronze Sword Spring and Autumn

Terracotta Warriors

Three-color glazed pottery figurines of camels carrying music, Tang Dynasty

Three-color black-glazed pottery horse Tang

Phoenix Crown of Empress Xiaoduan of Ming Dynasty Dingling

Qing Chi Xian Ganoderma Lucidum Double Ear Wash

Qing Dynasty Qianlong famille rose tea garden scene inscription poem teapot

Shangshan Culture Painted Pottery Pujiang County, Zhejiang

yuan pottery figurines

Part of Cangzhou Fishing Joy Picture Scroll Qian Gong Ink and color on Ming silk

"Book of Great Harmony" became an inscription Kang Youwei's running script

Qing study room

Ancient Chinese Calligraphy in the National Museum of China

Centennial Sculpture - Site of the First Congress

Yuanmingyuan Rabbit Head Rat Head Qing Emperor Qianlong

X-ray machine used by Bethune

capital Museum

Cizhou kiln white ground black ocher colorful phoenix jar

Jingdezhen kiln blue and white pine, bamboo and plum pattern sunflower plate yuan

Blue-glazed Bowl Ming Xuande

Bo Juge Early Western Zhou Dynasty

Buddha Statue Sui and Tang Dynasties

Poly Art Museum

Pan Chi Chime Bells Spring and Autumn

Inscription Sword of Wrong Gold Rhythm Warring States Period

Phoenix Head Bianyu Western Zhou Dynasty

Yinghou Pot Western Zhou Dynasty

jinjue wine vessel merchant

Thinking Bodhisattva Statue Northern Qi Dynasty

White marble statue of thinking Bodhisattva, Tang Dynasty

Three Statues of Buddha, Eastern Wei Dynasty

Yuanmingyuan Beast Head Pig Cow Tiger Monkey Imitation--Original Exhibition Loan

Guanfu Museum

Yue Kiln Celadon Glazed Curly Grass Aroma Diffuser with Cover, Five Dynasties

A Hanging Screen with Red Treasures Inlaid with Crane Design, Qianlong Period, Qing Dynasty


Jade Han Dynasty

Confucius Temple and Guozijian Museum

Beijing Confucian Temple Dismounting Stone

Jinshi Inscription Monument

Shen Junru, a native of Xiushui, Zhejiang Province, a Jinshi at the end of the 30th year of Guangxu


Dacheng Hall

Stele of Kangxi Imperial Book University

The Stone Carvings of Jiang Heng's Thirteen Classics


Circular Bridge Teaching Ze--Glass Archway of Guozijian


Luo Guohuai

Auspicious locust tree

Yilun Hall

Jixian Gate

Prince Kung's Mansion Museum

Yin'an Temple

Back Cover Building--Buddha Building

Dragon King Temple

Western Gate

theater building

Ting Yuxuan


Mountains and Flowing Water - Lacquerware Exhibition

Ming Tombs Museum

Stone Archway



Dragon Gate



Ming Tombs Reservoir

Natural History Museum

China Geological Museum

National Art Museum of China

China Red Sandalwood Museum

Imitation of the Forbidden City Qianqing palace screen throne

The furniture made by Comrade Li Ruihuan, former chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference

Beijing Yingjie Hard Rock Art Museum

Marco Polo Bridge

Wanping City

Memorial Hall of the Chinese People's Anti-Japanese War--Dancing Lion

Marco Polo Bridge

Chinese People's Revolutionary Military Museum

The mortar that killed Japanese Lieutenant General Norihide Abe in the battle of Huangtuling

The original cannon of the founding ceremony

Zhenyuan Ship Anchor

Chinese Court Museum

Imperial Code of the Qing Dynasty

Discussion on Tang Law

Shen Jiaben, Wu Tingfang and Law Reform

French Civil Code

卣商 Judicial Procedures Recovery of Bronze Artifacts Exhibition

China Numismatic Museum

Weixing Stone Expo Park

Beijing Museum of Chinese Ethnic Groups

6. Park

How beautiful is Beijing in snowy days and the Forbidden City in snowy days, and then... the Taimiao in snowy days is the Beijing Working People's Cultural Palace. Clean white snow covered with yellow tile cornices...

"Shen cypress" - According to legend, Ming Chengzu planted the first cypress

Five-color glazed door

Ming Chengzu hand planted cypress

On the right side of Tiananmen Square is Zhongshan Park, Zuozu Youshe, which was originally the Altar of Sheji - the place where the emperors of Ming and Qing Dynasties worshiped the land and grains. The coffin of Mr. Sun Yat-sen was once parked in the worship hall on the north side of the Sheji Altar, which was later renamed Zhongshan Hall; there is a statue of Mr. Sun Yat-sen in the park. The cultural relics and historic sites in Zhongshan Park include 7 cypresses, which were planted in the Liao Dynasty and have been planted for more than a thousand years. The relics of the Yuanmingyuan, Fangshan, Qingyun, and Zhizhi Stone, have witnessed the humiliating history of the Chinese nation at the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the 20th century. Monument - "Defend Peace" square and so on.

Defending Peace Square

Albatron slices

Millennium Liaobo

Zhizhi stone


Laijin Yuxuan

The west gate of Zhongshan Park is a short walk north along the North-South Long Street, and you will arrive at Beihai Park after passing the northwest corner of the Forbidden City. During the Shunzhi period of the Qing Dynasty, the Tibetan Buddhist temple Yong'an Temple and the White Pagoda were built on Qiongdao in the North Sea, in order to protect the world's longevity and peace; Qiongdao has an arch bridge-Yong'an Bridge connecting the south bank. Beihai Park was built from the Liao and Jin Dynasties. The Yuan Dynasty built Dadu with it as the center, and the Ming and Qing Dynasties expanded it on a large scale. Yong'an Bridge, as well as Xitian Fanjing, Tieyingbi, Jiulongbi, Wulongting, Xiaoxitian, Wanfolou ruins and so on.

We attach great importance to the history of Beihai, because it is also an important part of the history of Beijing. It is the birthplace of today's Beijing city. — Lin Huiyin

North Changjie Fuyou Temple

Forbidden City corner tower

White Pagoda--Yong'an Bridge

Yong'an Temple

Qiongdao Chunyin Qianlong Imperial Brush

West Brahma Realm

Nine Dragon Wall


Wanfo Tower Stele

Wulong Pavilion

North of Beihai is Shichahai, which is divided into Qianhai, Houhai and Xihai (also known as Jishuitan). The scenic spots around Shichahai are the palaces of princes and former residences of celebrities, such as Prince Gong’s Mansion, Prince Qing’s Mansion, Zhang Zhidong’s Former Residence, Comrade Song Qingling’s Former Residence, Guo Moruo’s Former Residence, etc. At night, it is bustling like a heaven on earth, the Houhai bar dances slowly and the lights are dimmed, and the Yandai Xie Street shop is full of family customers; if you just want to find a quiet place to sit, you should go to the West Coast.

Shichahai--Jinding Bridge

Mei Lanfang's Former Residence

Former Site of Fu Jen Catholic University Beijing Normal University


Comrade Soong Ching Ling's Former Residence

State Administration of Religious Affairs Prince Chun's Mansion

Houhai Bar Street

Jingshan Park is located in the north of the Forbidden City, across the street from Shenwumen. It was excavated from the surrounding North Sea and the moat in the early years and then built into a hill. . The ancient trees in Jingshan Park are towering. On the right hand side of the east gate, there are several tall ginkgo and arborvitae - general trees. The place where the spirit is stopped and the ancestors are worshipped. Jingshan Park witnessed the demise of the Ming Dynasty: Li Zicheng stepped on the Forbidden City on horseback, and Emperor Chongzhen finally hanged himself on a locust tree in Jingshan Park.

Wan Chunting


The Temple of Heaven Park is a place where emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties worshiped the heavens and prayed for a good harvest, while the Temple of Earth is a place used to worship the gods of the earth, the earth god. The two altars are located in the north and south of the Forbidden City. The building complexes such as the Hall of Prayer for Harvests inside the Temple of Heaven Park are large in scale, and when I went again, it was a weekend and there were many tourists.

temple of heaven

The main building of Ditan Park is the central altar - Fangze Altar, which is also known as "Fangze Altar". There are many ancient and famous trees in the Ming and Qing dynasties around the altar in the garden, and the ginkgo and red maple are in the late autumn season. colorful. When I came out of the north gate, I passed the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Many people lined up at the entrance of Ditan Gymnasium to the entrance of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention...

Earth altar

Yuan Dadu City Wall Ruins Park—Yuan Dadu City Wall Remains, the city walls are all built with rammed earth, commonly known as "earth city", a national key cultural relics protection unit.

On the Longevity Hill of the Summer Palace, the Foxiang Pavilion Paiyun Hall faces the Kunming Lake from the north to the south. It is like a feudal emperor who ruled the world and is majestic. Looking back now, how lucky we are to be able to live in the present, in today’s China... Just after the winter solstice, the lake has begun to freeze over a large area, and the clean weeping willows with fallen leaves are tilted by the north wind The cold ducks flying up and down on the cold lake ice, the Seventeen-Arch Bridge lying peacefully on the lake in the afterglow of the setting sun, and the golden bull at the east end of the bridge staring at the Longevity Mountain motionlessly...

Going west along the promenade on the north shore of Kunming Lake, there is a pavilion by the lake - "Yuzao Pavilion". It looks nothing special in the Summer Palace full of pavilions and pavilions. However, because Mr. Wang Guowei, a master of Chinese studies in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China, It is unusual to jump from the sinking of Kunming Lake. Wang Guowei, whose alias is Jing'an, was born in Haining, Jiaxing City. Among his academic achievements, the most familiar to us ordinary people is probably the three realms of scholarship proposed by him in "Human Ci Hua". If we know a little about the knowledge and personality of Mr. Chen Yinke, who was known as the professor of Tsinghua University, then we can easily imagine the knowledge and personality of Mr. Wang Jing’an from the inscription written by Mr. Chen: “… Only this independent spirit, free thought, has survived thousands of sacrifices, and is as long as the sky and the earth, with three lights and eternal light." Liang Qichao commented on Mr. Wang Guowei: a scholar who is not only owned by China, but owned by the whole world.

Seventeen Arch Bridge

Summer Palace Bronze Bull

Le Shoutang


Foxiang Pavilion

Yuzao Pavilion

kunming lake

Yuanmingyuan, once the royal garden of the Qing Dynasty - Summer Palace, once the Garden of Ten Thousand Gardens, once countless ancient rare books, antique calligraphy and paintings, rare treasures, ancient trees and rocks... But since two robbers broke in one day ——A robbery, an arson, since then as the beginning, everything has become the past, leaving only broken walls, ruins and scars... However, today is also the broken pillars and stones standing here abruptly Constantly reminding us who came to him to never forget the suffering and humiliation suffered by our not-too-distant ancestors, reminding us of the humiliation and bullying that our once impoverished and weak nations suffered... and then inspire our younger generations to be self-conscious Self-improvement...

Old Summer Palace

Beijing Olympic Park is located at the northern end of the central axis of the Forbidden City in Beijing, north of Beitucheng, north of the North Fourth Ring Road is the Bird's Nest, Water Cube, and further north is the Olympic Forest Park. All kinds of modern sports venues are mixed with various traditional Chinese elements - ritual and music chimes, archways and so on. Because the opening of the 2022 Winter Olympics is coming soon, many venues are closed for final preparations. The red plastic runway in Orson Park meanders through the lush woods, and there are artificial waterfalls, lakes, flower beds on both sides...

Olympic park

Xiangshan Park - the terminal of the Western Suburb Line, Xiangshan Station, you can get there within a short walk; you pass Maimai Street on the road, and you can see ancient locust trees that are centuries or even more than hundreds of years on the street like most ancient streets and hutongs in Beijing—Guohuai is Beijing One of the famous city trees, you can also see the national pagoda tree over a thousand years old in Lingshui Village. In late autumn, many mountain ridges and valleys in Beijing can be seen with layers of red leaves, but the red leaves of Xiangshan Mountain are different: there are many kinds of trees and they are scattered at high and low levels. Moreover, the intensity of the near and far is uneven, and it is rare to have two historical sites and scenic spots along the way - the Xiangshan Temple originated from the Tang Dynasty, the Qinzheng Hall Zhiyuanzhai where Emperor Gaozong of the Qing Dynasty was acting as an agent of government affairs, and the first station of Chairman Mao of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China before the founding of the People's Republic of China. There are also Meishi, Zhao Temple, Biyun Temple, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall and so on.

Western Suburban Line

Palace of Qinzheng

Shuangqing Villa

Xiangshan Temple

incense burner peak


Xiangshan Park

The mountain is not high, but there are immortals, so it is named--Badachu of Xishan Mountain, left Qinglong (Lushi Mountain), right Baihu (Pingpo Mountain), backed by Cuiwei Mountain, with eight temples scattered high and low in the middle-I used to say that the Double Ninth Festival will be two days away , There are many old people and children climbing the mountain. Except one Chang'an Temple closed for repair, the other seven are open: Lingguang Temple, Dabei Temple, Sanshan Temple, Longquan Temple, Xiangjie Temple, Baozhu Cave, Zhengguo Temple, Lingguang Temple to Seven Baozhu Temple The cave gradually climbs to a higher place along a mountain, and there is a cable car to go up and down the mountain, while the eight Zhengguo temples are alone on Mount Lushi. The two Lingguang Temples are the most extraordinary because the Zhaoxian Pagoda contains two relics of the Buddha's spiritual tooth. Between the two mountains, there are stone carvings in the cliff valley and stone Buddha statues of the Ming Dynasty. Seeing the couplet on the lintel of the Dabei Temple, "Everyone who is happy and kind is a Buddha, and I am an immortal without asking." It is probably a vernacular saying that "the heart is the Buddha" or Bodhi is only found in the heart, so why bother to seek mystery from the outside?

Xihuangcun Subway Station

Lingguang Temple

Sanshan An

Dabei Temple

Longquan Temple Glacier boulders

Xiangjie Temple

seven pearl caves

Badachu Cableway

Indian Valley

Cliff Valley

Zhengguo Temple

Early morning in the park--Dongdan, Temple of Heaven, Temple of Earth

7. Temple, temple, temple, church, mosque

The social turmoil in the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties was turbulent for three hundred years, but it was also the peak of Buddhism's development after it was introduced into China in the Han Dynasty. In the Western Jin Dynasty, it was the first Buddhist temple in the Beijing area, so there is a saying that "there was Tanzhe Temple first, and then Youzhou (Beijing) City". After the rise and fall of the dynasty, the mountain gates come in layer upon layer to the temples on the mountain; the two ginkgo trees behind the Tianwang Hall on the central axis of the temple are more than 1400 years old, and they are still luxuriant. The fallen leaves are golden... There are two ancient trees on the south side of the emperor tree - the ancient Sala tree, which is regarded as the sacred tree of Buddhism... and the two junipers of the Tang Dynasty in the courtyard on the east side are soaring into the sky, quietly watching the years go by here It has been more than 1,300 years in the Spring and Autumn Period...It is indeed called the No. 1 temple in the royal family. Even if the weather is so rare in the capital, there are two...Walk to the highest platform of the ancient temple, and the Dingdu Pavilion on the Dingdu Peak in the western suburbs of the capital can be clearly seen in the distance...

king tree

Shurangama Altar

Juniper Tang Dynasty

Tanzhe Temple

Hongluo Temple is located in Huairou District, Beijing, with the majestic Hongluo Mountain in its back and Hongluo Lake in the south. In the early years of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Fotucheng, an eminent monk from the Western Regions, followed by Shi Le, the founding emperor of Zhao, passed by here. Seeing the unusual shape of the mountain, he built the "Daming Temple", which is today's Hongluo Temple; the temple was built later than Tanzhe Temple. However, after Tang Taizong, Yuan, Jin, Ming, and Qing dynasties, Hongluo Temple and the royal family all had their own origins. Ming Yingzong Zhu Qizhen, Emperor Kangxi, and Empress Dowager Cixi successively visited Hongluo Temple to pay homage to Hongluo Temple. The temple has an exceptional status among the major temples in the capital. In front of the Daxiong Hall of the temple, there are two thousand-year-old male and female ginkgo trees, while Songhai Ciyun's more than one-hundred-year-old pine trees are scattered among the valleys below. There is Guanyin Hall in the middle of the mountain, and the screen wall in front of the hall has the inscription "Fu Yuan" written by Master Hongyi; on Hongluo Mountain, you can overlook Yanqi Lake.

Yanqi Lake

Hongluo Temple--Hongluo Mountain

Zhihua Temple was first built as the family temple of Wang Zhen, the great eunuch during the Yingzong period of the Ming Dynasty. It is a well-preserved wooden structure complex of the Ming Dynasty. During the period of the Republic of China, most of the green pines and cypresses and the two caisson wells were sold by the abbot of the temple at that time—it is said that it was to maintain the livelihood of the monks in the temple and to see how helpless they were under the national crisis. At present, the only surviving wooden caisson and wheel canopy can be seen in the Xibei hall of Zhihua hall-Tibet hall; in Zhihua hall, there is an exquisite woodblock mural of the Ming Dynasty "Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva and Ten Kings of the Underworld". Zhihua Temple also has a living treasure - Zhihua Temple Jing Music, which was brought out of the palace by Wang Zhen at that time, and has been passed down for more than 500 years. It is known as the living fossil of ancient Chinese music.

Beijing Music


Woodblock mural Ming Dynasty

Zhihua Temple

Shijing Mountain and Yunju Temple are located in Fangshan District. Fangshan used to be said to be the boundary of Hebei; or because of the sporadic spread of the epidemic, the Beijing-Kunming Expressway is as empty as the grasslands of Inner Mongolia. The driver's master lives on the Zhushikou side of Qianmen Hutong courtyard, do you know the big footprint of the 2008 Olympic Games? Those fireworks, those big footprints stepped on the door of my house... Friendly, can also chat, along the way from small courtyards in alleys to national events, to the middle-aged days when talking about yelling in the alleys when I was a child, there were friends who could play together— It’s such a beautiful memory like Mr. Feng Jicai reminiscing about his childhood neighbors in Tianjin... I said, well, I also like to run, sometimes I look at cheap airlines, um, I couldn’t go anywhere I wanted to go last year... It seems that I suddenly remembered something , um, the place we went to may be regarded as the border of Kuaihe North, counting out of Beijing, we have to go through the checkpoint...

A large number of stone inscriptions and inscriptions in Shijing Mountain are hidden in the caves and caves in the mountains. The earliest Sui Dynasty monk Jingwan began to engrave scriptures, and then went through Tang, Liao, Jin, Yuan, and Ming dynasties. The collection of scriptures is comparable to Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes; The discovery of the Buddha's relic hidden in Leiyin Cave has a great reputation. On the top of the mountain, there is a tower commemorating Princess Jinxian of the Tang Dynasty. Most of the buildings of Yunju Temple, including the South Tower of the Liao Dynasty, were destroyed by the Japanese invaders during the War of Resistance Against Japan. Today, there are still clear traces of the war on the mountain gate, and it was rebuilt in later generations to have the majestic Tasha jungle. The important treasures of Yunju Temple include the Tang and Liao Pagoda Forest, the "Dragon Zang" Wooden Sutra, the Underground Palace Stone Sutra, etc...

The Leiyin Cave is not open to the top of the mountain, and the Jinxian Princess Tower can only be seen from a distance, but not close up—just as many things cannot be perfect, just like if you didn’t go to Xiangshan because of the smog, you won’t be able to see it after the snow. Today’s red leaves, as long as this is the case... and I thought it would not be possible, but suddenly there was a turning point. For example, when I went to Yunju Temple today, the gate was closed, and the epidemic situation was announced on the fence at the gate... Impressively, I thought it was the same at all It was a waste of a trip, but it turned out that the side door was open, but the main hall is generally not allowed to enter, and my mood suddenly improved... Therefore, everything is arranged as it should be, good may not be really good, and bad may not be really bad—normal heart It’s good, you have to understand that life is impermanent but it’s permanent... If everything is satisfactory, then it’s time to take a bath and change clothes to be grateful for God’s blessing...

Shijingshan Millennium Ancient Road

Thunder Cave

Stone Book Mountain--Golden Immortal Princess Pagoda

North Tower

Don Tower

Kaishan Wangong Pagoda

Yunju Temple

Dajue Temple is backed by Beijing Xishan Jiufeng National Forest Park, and the terminal station of Metro Line 16 is Bei'an Hexia - within a few minutes of taking a taxi. It was first built in the Liao Dynasty, and the "Dajue Temple" was hung on the mountain gate; although it has been destroyed and rebuilt for a long time, there are still many cultural relics and historic sites in the temple, including the ancient stele of the Liao Dynasty, the ginkgo of nearly a thousand years, and the magnolia tree of three hundred years , "No place to come and go", "Standing and moving" and other imperial pen plaques, the third Buddha moved from Zhihua Temple, etc., as well as the Jialing stupa built during the Qianlong period. During the Kangxi period, the eminent monk Jialing Xingyin had a close relationship with Prince Yong before he ascended the throne as the Great Treasure, and was also abbot of Dajue Temple because of Prince Yong's recommendation; however, soon after Yongzheng ascended the throne, Jialing left Beijing and went to Lushan Mountain in Jiangxi.

Liao stele

Jialing Chan Master Pagoda

Juesheng Temple-Dazhong Temple Ancient Bell Museum

The main temples of Tibetan Buddhism in Beijing are Lama Temple and Xihuang Temple. Because of the Yongzheng and Qianlong dynasties of the Qing Dynasty, the Lama Temple has yellow tiles and red walls of the same level as the Imperial Palace and the Forbidden City. It is not comparable to the wealth of ordinary princely residences. During the Qianlong period, the Lama Temple was changed into a Lama Temple, and it was used as the management center of Tibetan Buddhist affairs by the Qing government, and became the highest-standard Buddhist temple in the country in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. The entrance to the Lama Temple is a tall and majestic archway inscribed by the imperial pens of the three entrances, and the royal honor is silently noble and compelling. Pass through the archway "Huanhai Zunqin" and Ginkgo Corridor, and then go to Zhaotai Gate, Octagonal Stele Pavilion, Yonghe Gate, Lama Temple, Falun Hall, Wanfu Pavilion, etc. The plaques on the palace and gates are all written in four languages: Han, Mongolia and Tibetan .

Huihai Ruixiang Dharma Artifacts Exhibition also fully reflects the important historical position of Lama Temple as a royal temple in the development of Tibetan Buddhism and the development of the relationship between the mainland and Mongolia and Tibet. Emperor Qianlong’s political wisdom in handling Mongolian and Tibetan religious affairs as the supreme ruler of the country also included the establishment of the “Golden Urn Drawing Lots” system: two golden benba bottles designed and supervised by Qianlong himself and formulated by the Qing Palace were sent to the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, and one to the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa. It was left in the Lama Temple and used to draw lots to confirm the reincarnation of the living Buddha; related historical anecdotes can be found in the official website of the Lama Temple "Yonghe History", and I know that the gold benba bottle should be vaguely in Mr. Liang Yusheng's martial arts novel "Biography of the Glacier Goddess"...

Yonghe Gate

Octagonal Stele Pavilion

Falun Temple

Wanfu Court

Lama Temple

Xihuang Temple is another important Tibetan Buddhist temple in the capital. It was built in the Shunzhi period as the residence of Dalai V, so it is also called Dalai Temple; The Purification City Tower is a commemoration, and the mantra of the Panchen Lama VI is buried in the tower, so the tower is also called the Panchen Lama Tower. The China Tibetan Advanced Buddhist College was also built in Xihuang Temple, and the 10th Panchen Lama was the first dean... From this, it can be seen that Xihuang Temple has a respected status among Tibetan Buddhist temples, but there are few tourists compared to Lama Temple On the contrary, it becomes more comfortable and peaceful... The exhibition on the reincarnation of living Buddhas in Tibetan Buddhism introduces the systematic and complete reincarnation system of living Buddhas in Tibetan Buddhism that has been developed since the 13th century AD...

The imperial edict builds the Qing Dynasty Purification Tower

Xihuang Temple

Miaoying Temple, commonly known as Baita Temple, was built by Kublai Khan, the ancestor of the Yuan Dynasty. In the temple, there is an exhibition of historical materials and cultural relics related to the origin of Baita Temple, mentioning the lofty status of Kuoduan, Saban Liangzhou League, Basiba and Tibetan Buddhism in the early Yuan Dynasty. The White Pagoda was presided over by Phagpa's apprentice, a Nepalese craftsman, Anigo, and the second national teacher, Yi Lianzhen, who was also Phagpa's half-brother, was in charge of storing it. It is the earliest Tibetan Buddhist pagoda in Beijing. After the completion of the White Pagoda, the "Dasheng Shouwan'an Temple" was built under the pagoda, and the temple became a royal temple in the Yuan Dynasty. The temple hall was destroyed by thunder and fire, but the White Pagoda was preserved. Later generations rebuilt the temple, and the White Pagoda was often rebuilt in history. The Baita Temple has been built for more than 700 years, and the dynasties have also experienced several rises and falls. Today, the White Pagoda has become the most important cultural relic in Yuan Dynasty.

Miaoying Temple--White Pagoda Temple

Zhenjue Temple, a Tibetan Buddhist temple built in the early years of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty, is now the Beijing Stone Carving Art Museum. The Indian monk Pandida came to Beijing from the Western Regions to present five golden Buddhas and the Gayata of the Indian Buddha to Zhu Di, who is located under the Buddha’s Pippala tree. He built the temple and built the Vajra Throne Pagoda. Later, the temple was destroyed and the pagoda and two ginkgo trees in front of the pagoda have been preserved to this day. The Vajra Throne Pagoda is built with inner bricks and outer stones, and built Buddhist niches and carved Buddha statues. It has accumulated wind erosion, rain, and sun for nearly 600 years.

Zhenjue Temple - Wuta Temple

Baiyun Temple is the ancestral home of the Taoist Quanzhen Longmen School, the "listed unit" of the Chinese Taoist Association and the Chinese Taoist Culture Research Association. The status of Baiyun Temple in the national Taoism today is largely related to Qiu Chuji in the early Yuan Dynasty - that is, the fairy-like Taoist Qiu in "The Legend of the Condor Heroes" written by Jin Yong. Jin Daxia probably recorded Qiu Chuji's experience Bitter, went to the desert outside the Great Wall to meet Mongolian Temujin Genghis Khan. It is true in history. After Qiu Daochang returned to Yanjing, Yuan Taizu bestowed Taiji Palace, which is now the place of Baiyun Temple, and ordered him to be in charge of Taoism in the world. Then Qiu Chuji went He began to distribute heroic invitations-degree ultimatum, but this time he did not invite people to compete as Jin Daxia wrote, but asked his disciples to spread Taoism widely. The remains of Qiu Chuji's fairy slough are left in the Qiuzu Hall of Baiyun Temple; afterward, the Yuan Dynasty granted the title of "Changchun Yandao Bishop Real Man"...

Baiyun Temple

Dongyue Temple--Yongyan Emperor Zuo Memorial Archway

The Huodezhenjun Temple was built by decree

Guangfu Temple

Niujie Mosque

Gangwashi Church, Beijing Christian Church

Xishiku Church of the Diocese of Beijing—The Bishop’s Palace of the Catholic Diocese of Beijing

St. Michael's Cathedral

8. Mountains

Not far from the gate of Dajue Temple on the left, there is a mountain road to go up to Jiufeng of Xishan Mountain; Jiufeng National Forest Park has a very high rate of forest and vegetation coverage. It used to be the teaching and experimental forest farm of Beijing Forestry University. Strolling along the thousand-year-old road, the red leaves in the mountains and forests are rendered in autumn. When you climb the Jiufeng Peak and look around, the mountains and mountains turn around and the sky and the earth are empty; go west and climb the Wangjing Tower, and you will face the Miaofeng Peak and other peaks in the west. , Overlooking the handrail to the east, "pine trees grow out of it..." Looking farther away, you can see the eight major places of Beijing West City and Xishan Fragrant Hills.

At the foot of Jiufeng Mountain, there are statues of two celebrities: Li Shanbang and Lin Xinggui. Li Shanbang is the pioneer of China's earthquake industry. He was the director of the Earthquake Research Office of the Institute of Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He built the first earthquake observation station independently designed by China - Jiufeng Seismic Station; It was donated by Mr. Lin Xinggui free of charge. Lin is a native of Yin County, Zhejiang Province. He studied law in the UK in his early years. After returning to China, he served as the Minister of Justice in the Nanjing Provisional Government of the Republic of China. Later, he resigned from the public office to open a law firm because he was dissatisfied with Yuan Shikai's proclaiming the emperor and the government's judicial fraud. At that time, Master Lin Xinglu bought related real estate under Jiufeng and built Jiufeng Villa with Xiufeng Temple as the center;

Metro Line 16

Jiufeng Ancient Road

Jiufeng Villa

Chaoyang Guanyin Cave


Wangjing Tower

Li Shanbang

Xiufeng Ancient Temple--Statue of Lin Xinggui

There are two Tianmen Mountain scenic spots in Beijing, located in Mentougou and Miyun respectively. Mentougou Tianmenshan National Forest Park passes through Nanxinfang Village, which is also a typical small mountain village in the north. In front of the houses on the roadside, there may be big pagoda trees with hundreds of years old. Squares of briquettes were drying on the ground. In early winter, fiery red persimmons are hung on the treetops, long strings of golden corncobs are hanging under the eaves or half of the brick wall, and occasionally a dog barks from the village... Early morning fog - the whole mountain is filled with fog, and the entrance of the village enters the mountain At that time, an old lady was walking in front of me, and I asked, "Going to work in the mountains this morning?" She laughed and said, "Hey, I can't do the work at such an old age, so let's walk in the morning"-although the back looks a little rickety , But until the foot of the mountain, I always walk fast and slow in front and behind me. On the way up the mountain, there may be distant and clear birdsong in the valley. After passing the stone cave, there is the Stone Great Wall-the Great Wall-shaped mountain beams formed naturally by the ups and downs of the mountains over hundreds of millions of years.

Nanxinfang Village

Mentougou Tianmen Mountain

Tianmen Mountain in Miyun belongs to the Yanshan Mountains. The mountain is thick and majestic. Standing in the valley and looking up at the huge granite mountain in mid-air, you will feel the majestic and majestic mountains and rivers of Kunlun. There are many chestnut orchards on both sides of the mountain road, many of which are ancient trees over a hundred years old; the gurgling stream in the mountain stream is crystal clear, and the stream has begun to freeze intermittently; there is a "Red Pear King" plant on the mountainside that is over 300 years old. The feeling of mountaineering and hiking is somewhat similar to the feeling of running that Mr. Murakami said. You don’t have to think about anything, you just need to keep repeating your steps... And mountaineering through the mountains and forests is more quiet and there are more uncertain scenery on the road ahead... Climbing to the top of Tianmen Mountain, the top of the mountain suddenly opens up - the Tianmen Cave formed 120 million years ago, at the foot of which is the calm, vast Miyun Reservoir and the endless winding Great Wall on the mountains of the reservoir area... Quietly Gazing--the cold sunshine in the winter afternoon casts a warm orange color on the sharp-edged and huge boulder sky door frame. At that moment, I clearly feel how humble and insignificant I am, but in reality, do we human beings think of ourselves too much? High and has gone too far too far...

Miyun Tianmen Mountain

9. Villages

The three ancient villages of Cuandixia, Lingshui, and Liuliqu are all located in Mentougou, west of Beijing. Liuliqu Village faces the Yongding River and is backed by Jiulong Mountain, the remnant of the Taihang Mountains. The building is the glazed decorated Sanguan Guojielou built in the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. Old trees over one hundred years old can be seen everywhere in the village; the streets and alleys are clean and tidy, and the quiet and short and long alleys are mostly built of bricks and stones on both sides, and there are scattered courtyard houses. Entering the village entrance, there are more and more bungalows as you go up the mountain. In winter, most households in the village still burn coal for heating, and there is a pile of coal at the door of almost every household; I chatted with an old man who was collecting coal balls, and said that a few tons of coal would be burned in a winter. The ancient road around the West Mountain, one end passes through the Guandi Temple, the train and railway fork up the mountain, and the other end goes down the mountain through the Wanyuan Tongshan Tea Shed—almost abandoned; halfway up the mountain overlooks the entire village below—the north in winter, an empty, quiet mountain village, Occasionally a train crosses…

Sanguan Guojie Building

Wan Yuan Tong Shan Tea Shed

Liuliqu Village

Yongding River

How to write "Cuan" in Cuandixia Village? —The sound Cuan probably means to burn a fire under the stove, so what about under the Cuan? Cuandixia Village, after driving for more than two hours in Beijing, the road to Mentougou passes Liuliqu, and there is a long section of mountain road behind. When the tinnitus was almost there, we started to climb the ridge; there were several other villages along the way down the mountain. There are not many villagers in Cuandi, and many young people go to work and live outside. This is probably the case in Chinese villages or ancient villages, just like Peter Heisler's "Roadfinding China" written by Peter Hessler more than 30 years ago. From village to the mountains The ancient houses built in Ming and Qing Dynasties are scattered in height; on the north slope of the village, there is an emperor temple, and on the south slope, there is a temple dedicated to the goddess of the goddess. The cold winter in the northern country is cold and chilling. Water drips and ice hangs on the cliffs of the mountains beyond the village entrance, and the snow in the valleys does not melt for a long time...

Empress Temple

Cuandixia Village

Guandi Temple

Baiyutai Road

A ray of sky

Lingshui Village is half an hour's drive from Cuandi. The village is not too big, but it has outstanding people. Not only are there many ancient trees and temples, but it is also known as Lingshui Juren Village because of the many imperial examinations in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The whole village can be overlooked from the White-clothed Guanyin Bodhisattva Temple in the middle of the mountain in the south of the village or the Wenchang Pavilion in the northeast. The west line of the village is lined up from south to north in order of Nanhai Huolong Temple, Tianxian Our Lady Temple - Millennium Ancient Cypresses - Baibaoyu, Baibaosang, Lingquan Temple Ruins - Ancient Ginkgo Biloba, Wudao Temple Ruins - Ganoderma lucidum Cypress and so on. At the entrance of the village there is a stele of meritorious deeds of Liu Maoheng, a Juren of Lingshui: Liu was born charitable, forgiving, respectful and diligent. During his tenure as the magistrate of Fenzhou, there was a famine in Shanxi. He almost gave all his salary to the victims. Farewell to him...

Lingshui Village

Dragon King Temple - Octagonal Dragon Pond

Millennium pagoda tree

Millennium Ancient Cypress--Baibaosang

Millennium ancient cypress

Lingquan Temple Ruins

Ganoderma lucidum

10. The Great Wall

Qinyuanchun.Snow: the scenery of the northern country, thousands of miles of ice, thousands of miles of snow. Looking inside and outside the Great Wall, there is nothing left but wild; the river goes up and down, and suddenly loses its torrential flow. The mountain dancing silver snake, the original galloping wax figure, wants to compete with Tiangong. It must be a sunny day, looking at the red makeup wrapped in plain clothes, it is extraordinarily enchanting. There are so many beautiful mountains and rivers, attracting countless heroes to bow down...

The ancient Great Wall at Badaling is the remnant Yanqing Great Wall. Take the west line, turn over the beacon towers one by one along the battlements, and finally go down from the Huajiayaozi section to Shixiaguan and Bangshuiyu Village. The snow in the mountains has not yet melted, and some sections of the Great Wall are not only covered with snow but also frozen, and many sections of the Great Wall have no steps. It is not recommended to take this line in rainy and snowy days--the temperature is cooling and the wind is strong this day, especially after halfway down, I finally understand what is cold and windy. Fortunately, it is almost at the bottom of the mountain. After the wind goes down-in the valley, people are standing still Unstable... When I came here, the sky was still covered with gray and thick clouds, but when I went down the mountain to the north wind, it was already blue sky and white clouds, and the sky was clear...

Although the Badaling Mountains are lofty and the Great Wall is impenetrable, but Li Zicheng, the Chuang Wang, led his army to break into Beijing, breaking through the Yanqing Great Wall gap and entering Beijing through Juyongguan. "From the Spring and Autumn Period, through the Qin and Han Dynasties, to the Liao and Jin Dynasties, to the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, it took two thousand years. Countless generals, officers and soldiers, Li Shu and hundreds of craftsmen... across the steep mountains, through the wasteland, across the vast sea, through the cliffs, 100,000 miles in length and breadth. The look is endless. Long dragons and beacon towers, Xiongguan passes..." Almost all the kings and kings of the past dynasties built the Great Wall to protect the country and the people, and to survive forever, but the reality is that the ending is so sad—no matter how strong the Great Wall is, the change of dynasty is still like a star shift, and it goes back and forth... "All true beauty must be stained with sadness", and the beauty of the Great Wall is probably like this... History seems to be that the Great Wall that should be built in the heart is more solid and tighter than the one on the mountain...

Remains of the Great Wall Stone Factory

Badaling Ancient Great Wall

Bangshuiyu Village

Lipao Village

I went to the Badaling Great Wall in the past on the National Day. The road and the cable car were jammed and there were long queues anyway, and there were more people on the Great Wall than the sea of ​​people...

Badaling Great Wall

Juyongguan began in the Qin Dynasty; it is located in Changping District, northwest of Beijing. In October, the sky is high and the air is cool, especially when you climb to a high place, you can see the red and yellow light dyeing in the valley on the west side of the city wall, and the autumn scenery in the wild...


The Huanghuacheng Water Great Wall, located in Huairou, was built during the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty; a hundred acres of chestnut gardens from the Ming Dynasty still remain under the Great Wall... Later, due to the construction of dams downstream, the water was stored to form a reservoir. When the water level rose, part of the Great Wall was submerged underwater. The sun slanting westward at three or four o'clock in the winter afternoon sprinkles on the rolling hills, spreading warm orange, in the empty blue sky and clear water, the golden Great Wall on the ridge winds up and down and disappears in the endless distance of the mountains...

Huanghuacheng Water Great Wall

Chestnut Garden in Ming Dynasty

The Mutianyu Great Wall was built on the ruins of the Northern Qi Great Wall by Xu Dafeng, the founding hero of the Ming Dynasty. It is connected to Gubeikou in the east and Badaling in the west; The situation is relatively flat—at least the open part of the scenic spot is so, and the back is more undeveloped and unopened, but the broken bricks and walls are more vicissitudes of time, and the mountains and plains inside and outside the Great Wall are covered with green vegetation...

Mutianyu Great Wall

The Great Wall of China is the tallest in the world, and the Great Wall of Simatai is also the tallest of the Great Wall of China—Luo Zhewen

Simatai Great Wall is located in Gubeikou Town, Miyun District. It was first built in the early years of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty, and then renovated and perfected by Qi Jiguang, the then general of Jizhen in the later Wanli years. The Simatai Great Wall is next to Gubei Water Town, and there is a special line from Dongzhimenwai Bus Station to Gubei Water Town. Walking in Gubei Water Town to the end is the ticket gate of the Great Wall. It starts to go up the mountain at about 2:30 in the afternoon. It is windy and cold, and the feet are almost non-stop. It takes about an hour to reach the highest point of the beacon tower on the 10th floor. The back is not open and you cannot go to Wangjing Tower. . When going down the mountain, a staff member said that there were only three tourists on the tenth floor today; chatted with an old man for a while, and pointed to the farther mountain col: Well, our home is over there, another one in Gubeikou Town Town, I don’t know how we came to this mountain before... In the sky, the sun has converged the dazzling and cold light before, and it is slowly sinking into the distant mountains, and the afterglow of the winter has dyed the sky, the Great Wall, and the undulating peaks. Orange orange... Finally, this orange orange disappeared along with the afterglow... At this time, the lights of Gubei Water Town under the mountain, scattered houses in the distant mountains, and the stars in the night sky of Saibei began to shine brightly...

Sunrise at the North Fourth Ring Road in the morning


Gubei Water Town

Simatai Great Wall

simatai great wall sunset

Night Hilltop Church and Gubei Water Town

simatai great wall night

Beijing South Railway Station

I showed him the way. As I move on, I no longer feel alone. I became a guide, a trailblazer, a first immigrant... - Fitzgerald. The Great Gatsby

I may be such a guide, and I—in the end, I just pass by...