Don't leave the Garden of Harmonious Interest immediately after you finish your tour. You can go to the west side of Hanyuan Hall. There is a path behind the curved corridor, and you can go up the bluestone steps along the path.

Look at the four-level steps in front of the veranda. It is not a vertical step with slanted stones on both sides, but it can go up and down on three sides.

Go up the stone steps and turn around, and you can see the roof of Hanyuan Hall.

After going up, there is a path on the mountain ridge facing east and west, and the path leads east to a yard.

There is a small bridge to the west of the path. Under the bridge is the Yuqin Gorge in the Garden of Harmony, the water inlet of the lotus pond. After crossing the small bridge, you can walk to the west wall of the Garden of Harmony.

There are some courtyards in the Summer Palace that were open to tourists in the past, but they were closed after renovation, such as the Zhuanlunzang on the east side of Paiyun Hall. The courtyard at the east end of this path is called Jiqingxuan. This Jiqingxuan has never been opened to tourists. I have seen that the gate has always been closed.

Until the end of 2018, after some repairs, Ji Qingxuan was opened to the public. It was called "Trial Opening" at the beginning, which means that it will not open on weekends and holidays when there are many people. After the epidemic has eased, it is now officially open. Except for the inventory on Monday, the Harmony Fun Park will open simultaneously at other times.

In my post, there are two pictures of the Jiqingxuan Hanging Flower Gate. The first one is closed, which is during the trial opening period; the latter one is opened, which is after the official opening. If you zoom in, you can see the difference in opening hours in different periods on the "Opening Hours" sign.

The east-west path on the mountain ridge is the royal road used by the emperor when he came to Jiqingxuan. He came from here and went through it; the emperor, especially the queen mother, would definitely not walk the uneven stone steps to Jiqing like you and me. Xuan. Now all tourists take the stone steps, because there can't be an emperor or queen mother among the tourists, at most they are their descendants, and the descendants are not counted.

There was no wall between the Jiqingxuan and the Fun Garden at first, and the Huishan Garden existed since then. During the Jiaqing period, Jiqingxuan was changed into a single-door courtyard, but it was still part of the Garden of Harmony. The Hanguang Cave should be somewhere east of the Chuihua Gate of Jiqingxuan. Emperor Qianlong once wrote a poem for Ji Qingxuan: "The spring rains in the north are difficult, and there is no happy time for Ji." Jiqing is here to celebrate, and the rain can be seen. The smoke from the stream gathers and returns to Xiu, and the dew hangs down on the branches. The breath of clothes is fragrant, and the sound of blowing sounds is uneven. Relying on Lan Sheng Yao Xin, Xin Geng strives for it. Although Jiqingxuan is now part of the Garden of Harmony, I think it should be regarded as a separate courtyard next to the Garden of Harmony. There seems to be no other courtyard like this in Wuxi Jichang Garden, and Lao Gan didn't mention where Ji Qingxuan used this garden.

There was no weather forecast in the Qing Dynasty, and Laogan didn't seem to be able to pinch and count like Kong Ming, and he didn't know when the rain would come. One day, when Lao Gan was playing in Qingyi Garden, he suddenly encountered a thunderstorm. The rain came and went quickly, and Lao Gan stood on the bow of the boat on Kunming Lake to catch the rain, so he had to abandon the boat and go ashore. When I came to Ji Qingxuan, I suddenly felt poetic, so I blurted out four sentences: fast rain is also appreciated, and fast sunshine is worth it. She Zhou went ashore to talk about Yanbu, and Qiaxi Shanxuan was named Jiqing.

After the Jizhe precipitation, the weather turns fine, and the water that falls on this day may be rain or snow. Qing is of course fresh air. The scientific name of Ru Kiln's sky-blue ancient porcelain is Jiqing, which refers to the color of the blue sky after the rain. Laogan said that there is both rain and snow in Jiqingxuan, "after the snow, the sky is clear, Jiqing is really Jiqing". Look around Ji Qingxuan in the snow.

Looking at the gate of Jiqingxuan courtyard from the outside, it is a well-regulated gate with hanging flowers.

But it has white marble drums and stone gate piers, and official Su-style gold thread paintings on the gate tower beams, all of which are royal style.

Look at its door leaf.

From the front, it is a mirror panel door. Looking at the back, a circle of frames and the middle belt are exposed. This is called a chessboard gate, and some people call it a belt gate. If the back of the chessboard door is closed with wooden boards, it becomes a real couch door, and the door nails of the real couch door are to nail the door panel to the threading belt.

Seen from the inside, it is a formal one hall, one voucher, with the gate hall and the rolling shed hanging from the top of the mountain. This gate hall is not ordinary, it is the largest hall in the Summer Palace.

The gate hall also serves as a screen door, instead of a single screen wall. There is no corridor connecting Chaoshou on both sides of the gate hall.

This style of hanging flower gate is often connected with a corridor. Jiqingxuan is not a conventional courtyard, and the outer wall is curved and high, so the veranda inside the pavilion is not here. The shadows of the trees whirling by the whitewashed walls, and the fragrant grasses.

As soon as you enter the door, there is a spacious bluestone corridor leading directly to the main room Jiqingxuan.

The main room faces south from the north, with a two-foot-high platform underneath, and a stepping step in front of it. The surface is three rooms wide, with raised beams, gray tiles and single eaves, rolling sheds resting on the top of the mountain. There are eaves corridors around, the east eaves corridor is closed, and there are lintels between the columns of the corridor. This architectural form is in the same style as Harmony Fun Garden.

There is an open display seat on the corridor in the middle of the yard, which is a pedestal for placing open-air furnishings. On it, a Taihu stone or a bronze bird and bronze dragon can be poked. According to today's statistics, there are quite a few original Qing Dynasty seats in the Summer Palace, all of which have specific locations and numbers, but this one is not mentioned. Those recorded exposed seats were all newly added for Cixi's birthday, and the one in Ji Qingxuan is likely to be a relic of Lao Gan.

Since Ji Qingxuan's separation from Huishan Garden was a good thing Jiaqing did, the current layout can also be regarded as the original.

Go up and stand under the vertical stone steps to see this Jiqingxuan.

In Chinese architecture, the wooden lattice between the pillars here is called the lintel, and the one above it is called the upside-down lintel. Jiqingxuan's upside-down lintels have the pattern of the Chinese character "工", and there are usually woodcarved sparrows between the upside-down lintels and the pillars to strengthen the support. The lintel below is called the bench lintel, where the owner of the house usually sits and waits for the girl. Stand under the porch and have a look.

This is a common format in Chinese architecture, and the unique feature of Jiqingxuan is its pillars. It is said that the pillars facing the sun of the royal house should be red, even if painted green, it should be dark green, but this is not the case here. The pillars and eaves pillars of the main house are all medium green, and unlike the conventional green pillars, there are many wisterias painted on them. Did Qianlong want to use this to say that he valued environmental protection?

There is also another Qing Dynasty building with such peculiar pillars, which is the Bat Hall in the garden of Prince Kung’s Mansion. The pillars are covered with bamboo slices, symbolizing the height of each other.

The golden brick floor in Jiqingxuan has been renovated, and the original ceiling can no longer be seen. Because it is a garden building, it is probably the sea wall ceiling. According to historical records, there were thrones and screens in the Ming Dynasty, and wooden couches and imperial cases in the Xici Dynasty. Now here is a vacant room. During the trial opening period, several pseudo-antiques were placed for tourists to take pictures; after the official opening, all the exhibits were removed.

Ji Qingxuan is a solitary main house with no side rooms on either side. Its east porch has been closed, so you can only go west along the front porch. Go to the West Corridor to have a look.

The veranda on the west side extends westward and connects to a rear wing room at the west end through the mountain.

The rear wing house is three rooms wide, with a gray tile single-eave rolling shed and a hard hilltop, and a verandah in front. The plaque "Qingqin Gorge" is hung under the eaves. This is the only plaque in Jiqingxuan, and there is no plaque or couplet in front of the main house.

The water of the back lake of the Summer Palace flows eastward and then divides into two streams. One stream goes south along the Yuqin Gorge and enters the lotus pond in the Harmony Garden; The stream to the east comes out of the cracks in the rocks in front of the back wing of Ji Qingxuan, and rushes down the steep rock cracks. The torrent must be moving and quiet, and the sound of gurgling water is called the sound of Qingqin by Lao Gan. Laogan doesn't like the melodious sound, so he calls it Qingqin, which means the sound of the piano with elegant tones. After inscribing the plaque, Lao Gan wrote another small imperial poem: The stone is the seven silks of the Gutong spring, and the spring temperature is just in time for the big string. High mountains and flowing water often become exercises, so it is necessary for bosom friends to wait for children. Lao Gan always enjoys playing the piano, and he doesn't care whether Zhong Ziqi and He Chai cheer.

Turn around the west corridor and walk into the back corridor of the main house.

In addition to the novelty of the green pillars, there are also strange things behind the main house. Its back door does not open in the open room, but in the east secondary room, which has been closed with gray bricks together with the east eaves. Although the main room of Jiqingxuan is also a hall room, it does not go straight through the Ming Dynasty, but turns a corner between the east and the second time, which is very uncommon. Standing in front of the lintel gate under the back eaves, looking north.

It actually feels like standing on the top of the mountain. It can be seen that the main house of Ji Qingxuan is indeed sitting on the top of the mountain, and the garden below seems to be the garden behind the main house. On the west side, there is a wing room in Qingqin Gorge; on the east side, there is a square pavilion with four corners on the rock-stacked rockery; If I stood here back then, there would still be the flowing water of Peng Cong in the mountain stream. I don't know if there are clouds on the water. At the foot of the mountain, you can see a corridor, covered with red pillars and gray tiles, with uneven trees and stones, and green shadows everywhere. In summer, there are cicadas singing and the sound of water; in winter, when the water freezes, there are magpies calling on the branches; When going to the imperial palace to watch Ji, the house dog stood in front of the house, and the palace cat lay on the stone; there were guards outside the door, and beauties inside the house. Although this garden is not more luxurious than the imperial palace, it must be very cool to relax here.

Just now I saw that there is a veranda on the west side of the main house connecting the Qingqin Gorge in the back wing, and the east end of the back eaves corridor of the main house is connected with a climbing corridor, which circles half a circle to the east and just surrounds the Dongling with the square pavilion on the top. .

Go look at this pavilion.

The four-column square pavilion has a red step-by-step brocade partition door cover between the columns, and there are eaves and corridors around it. There is a stool between the colonnades, and there is no lintel on it, but a square column sparrow and a hollowed-out Chinese board. The column is still a hanging flower column, and this kind of hanging flower is also called "cabbage head". On the top is a single eaves with raised beams and gray tiles with four corners and pointed roofs, and brick carvings supporting the terrace ridge brake. The pavilion is quite exquisite. The beams are all painted with gold thread in the official style, and the rafters are also decorated with gold, showing the royal status. This square pavilion looks like it has been many years since the last time it was repainted, and the paint has peeled off to reveal the hemp knife underneath.

Chinese ancient gardens are very particular, and one of the most important is "borrowing scenery". Inside and outside the garden, no matter how far or near it is, if it is clear and the mountains are towering green, and the blue sky is flying in the sky, the beautiful ones will be harvested, and the vulgar ones will be screened. Collecting Jiajing under the eyes is called "borrowing scenery". Keeping common sights out of sight is called "obstructed sights". How to block the scene? The tall tree is a move, which prevents you from looking far away. What to do nearby? Shrubs obstruct it. Standing behind Jiqingxuan or in the Dongling Pavilion, you will be surrounded by greenery in spring and summer, and your eyes will be blocked in the garden. Only in winter when all the hairs on the trees fall off, can you have a glimpse of the north of the garden from the Dongling Pavilion.

There is a village in the north of the garden here. In the early Qing Dynasty, there were only eight poor peasant families, and the landlord lived in Saoziying in the north. One day, Emperor Qianlong came out from the back door of the garden after admiring the color of the place where the rain had passed and the blue clouds were broken in Jiqingxuan. When Lao Gan saw this village, he asked, "What's its name?" The subordinates came forward to inquire and reported: "The eight poor families". The old cadre, Long Yan, was displeased, saying, "Under the heavens, there is a poor reason", and angrily gave the name "Da You Zhuang", saying that since then, there are everything in the village. The subordinates quickly arrested eight families of peasants, knelt on the side of the road and kowtowed like pounding garlic, thanking you.

When the landlord in Saoziying heard about this, he quickly asked someone to bring in the old man's handwriting, and carved a stele at the head of the village. This monument is now in the No. 100 courtyard of Dayouzhuang, and all current cadres above the bureau level in the country should have seen this monument.

After seeing the Dongling Pavilion, you can go down the climbing corridor with peace of mind, and be a downhill tiger that does not roar, bark or bite.

Go down the climbing corridor on the east side, and after passing three value rooms, there is another pavilion.

This is an octagonal pavilion with double eaves. Standing inside and looking south, you can see the steep slope behind the main house of Ji Qingxuan. This steep slope is a few huge pieces of rubble, which don't seem to be artificially piled up, but are probably natural.

Setting scenery outside the frame of column pavilions and verandahs is called "frame scenery" in Chinese gardens.

The large natural rock in front of the octagonal pavilion is very similar to the rock folds of the Yanshan orogeny in the late Jurassic period. The scenery in Jiqingxuan Garden is built around these flakes. The gap between the folds is the ditch for Qingqin Gorge to pass through.

The source of the ditch is under the "Qingqin Gorge" in the west back wing of Jiqingxuan. In front of the three value rooms next to the octagonal pavilion, there is a stone slab across the water of Qingqin Gorge, forming a bridge. Some people say that Lao Gan once sat on this stone bridge, stretched his legs down, and soaked his feet in the water of Qingqin Gorge.

After passing the stone bridge, stand under the rock and look up.

The main building of Jiqingxuan stands on the top of the mountain, and the green column windows are integrated with the surrounding trees, grass and vines.

That boulder is really big, and it is very slanted. It is expected that it will be extremely slippery, and no one dares to climb it. The back wing of Jiqingxuan stands on the west peak beside the stone.

Looking at the octagonal pavilion again, it is quite satisfactory.

Red pillars and green squares, upper and lower lintels, and two phoenixes and a plane tree painted on the horizontal drape, are they fragrant and beautiful? Geely too. A closer look shows that it has been more than five or seven years, and the paint surface has cracked.

Looking up at the roof, it is not a caisson, but the beams and trusses of the roof structure, covered with Soviet-style paintings.

Standing in the octagonal pavilion and looking north.

This circle of corridors is the boundary of the first phase of the Qianlong project. After Jiaqing took over, some houses were built in the north courtyard outside the corridors. The big north house above is considered to be the main house in the north courtyard. I'll go to the North Court later.

There is a small road going west to the south of the Bajiao Pavilion, and you can see some buildings there.

The few houses in the west without verandahs are all locked with built-in locks, making it impossible to enter.

There are three north rooms along the west corridor of the octagonal pavilion. Red doors and red windows, gray tile single-eave rolling sheds and hard hilltops, Su-style paintings on the beams, and hanging belts in front of the door.

Turn around and there are three identical western rooms.

There are two ear rooms on the north wall of the west room.

I leaned on the window of one of the west rooms and looked in. They were empty rooms with a few pieces of furniture scattered about. In this room, there is an arhat bed against the wall, and there is a picture on the wall, which has the inscription "Chen Xu Huifeng's respectful letter". It turned out to be several Tang and Song poems in regular script, beginning with Du Fu's "Slogan for Retreating from the Palace of Zichen", and ending with Lu You's "Shushi". This Xu Huifeng was a Jinshi during the Tongzhi period. During the Guangxu period, he served as the Minister of the Ministry of Officials and Minister of the Ministry of War. His calligraphy was quite liked by the Empress Dowager. This must be Xu Huifeng's birthday gift to Cixi.

After passing the west room and going south, there are stone steps leading to the corridor on the west side of Jiqingxuan, and you can also walk to the "Qingqin Gorge" wing room. This is the circle of the yard. Entering the main room through the hanging flower gate of Ji Qingxuan, although there are no side rooms on both sides, it can also be called a courtyard. The verandahs on both sides of the main house are regarded as the boundaries of the second courtyard. Although this corridor is not a full circle, it can also be regarded as a circle of chaste corridors, and this circle of corridors is considered as the second courtyard. Ji Qingxuan in the Qianlong period had these two courtyards, with the main house in the front and the garden in the back. In fact, there may not have been the hanging flower gate and the white walls on both sides. The main room was open, and it was considered a part of Huishan Garden. There was a garden behind the hall.

During the Jiaqing period, Huishan Garden was remodeled, and Ji Qingxuan established itself. The transformation of Mo Miaoxuan into Hanyuan Hall is said to be a branch project during this period. Emperor Jiaqing took a fancy to that location and worked in Hanyuan Hall facing south during the summer. He probably still wasn't used to sitting in the Hall of Qinzheng and facing east to be king, which is the current Hall of Renshou.

One of the most important aspects of Jiaqing's transformation of Jiqingxuan was to use the backyard north of the octagonal pavilion in the middle of the north corridor.

Looking at the octagonal pavilion from the backyard, it is also slim.

Red pillars and green squares, Su-style painted, gray tiles and double eaves, gold-painted rafters, octagonal tips, gray brick orbs, and brick-carved terraces.

The five guard rooms opposite the Bajiao Pavilion may have been used by Emperor Jiaqing as Jiuqing guard houses. If you go to the Yuhanyuan Hall, all the officials will wait here. When Jiqingxuan was reopened after its renovation, a small exhibition was held here. Lao Gan's Jiuqing is outside the Renshou Gate, as mentioned earlier.

Two small gates can be seen on the westernmost wall of the backyard, and there are some functional facilities inside, which were later.

There are some Taihu stones standing under the whitewashed wall, which must have been borrowed from the rockery in Hanguang Cave, Huishan Garden.

Opposite the Taihu Stone, there is a gate with the wall on the north wall of the Summer Palace, and outside the gate is the intersection of Dayouzhuang.

This is a wicket, which I call the northeast corner wicket. The emperor can go through this gate when entering or exiting Huishan Garden or Harmony Garden. In the 1990s, this gate was once opened, and tourists can enter and exit through it. There is a window on the side gable of the value room next to it to sell tickets. You can see that the ticket window is still there. Visitors entering from this gate have to walk a small path to enter the Garden of Harmony.

This path does not go to the Bajiao Pavilion, but passes through Jiqingxuan Dongkuayuan. The main building of Dongkuayuan also faces south, so it should be the value room of the Jiaqing period, which is the eunuch's office.

This main house is quite formal, with three rooms wide and two rooms deep. On the top is a hard mountain top with gray tile single-eave rolling shed. Now this main building is the duty room of Ji Qingxuan's female staff, the front door is not open, they all go through the back door. The male staff rested at the original ticket office next to the wicket in the northeast corner, and worked night shifts.

Tourists coming in from the northeast corner can walk to the path in front of the main house through the corner of the west wall of the main house.

There is a ditch in front of the house. This is the Qingqin Gorge of Ji Qingxuan. In the past, there was a continuous flow of water. Therefore, there are stone slabs on the path in front of the house. On the way to the south of the small road, there is an east wing room facing east and west on the left hand side.

This is Jiaqing's Military Aircraft Office. When Han Yuantang was in politics, the Ministers of Military Aircraft worked here. Qianlong's military aircraft is outside the Yulan Hall behind the Qinzheng Hall.

Go up to the window and have a look.

The floor of the house is made of gold bricks, and the above is a sea wall ceiling. Along the back gable is a wooden couch kang that goes all the way to the end, which is the Datong kang, which is a must-have in the houses of Manchurians in Northeast China. The big kang in the Northeast's home is under the front window, called Nankang. If the family has a large population, another kang is built under the back wall, which is the northern kang. There is only the "Northern Kang" under the back wall in this military aircraft office, and there is no "Southern Kang". This is also the case in the duty room of the military plane in the palace, except that there is a Datong Kang under the back wall.

Of course, there are Kang tables and massage mats on the kang. When you are not writing, you can ask the servants who came with you to be a health care team. There must be an Eight Immortals table and matching armchairs under the side gable. What hangs on the back wall is not the original poems of the Minister of Military Aircraft, but the old works of the Tang Dynasty, and there are many typos in them. So you see, military ministers can't remember Tang poems with a photographic memory, and they often make typos.

Going further south, there is a small door on the right hand wall. This is not a Jiaqing facility, but a small courtyard built by Cixi.

Cixi also likes to visit the Garden of Harmonious Interests like me, and she also sits in the Hanyuan Hall like her predecessors. At this time, she will have something to eat, what she wants is Mongolian milk tea and Manchu cheese. The Yushanfang built a small kitchen in this small door to make dairy products for Empress Dowager Cixi, which is called the Buttermilk Kitchen. Now it still retains the original two north and south three rooms.

There are still cooking utensils such as pots, stoves, drawers, etc. in the house. The door is locked and the curtains are opened to allow tourists to peep through the window. Mongolian milk tea and Hong Kong milk tea are two completely different things. Mongolian milk tea is boiled in pure milk, which is natural and delicious. I once drank the pure Mongolian milk tea in Dakulun, it is really fragrant skr. Hong Kong milk tea is mixed with creamer in the tea, not even milk powder, it is all artificially synthesized. I call it plastic milk tea, or chemical milk tea, and I quit after drinking it once.

The palace cheese in Beijing is not the same as the French cheese. The palace cheese is made of pure milk and is semi-solidified like bean curd, which is very fragrant. French cheese is a dry product made of milk. It is called cottage cheese. It stinks badly, even worse than Wang Zhihe's stinky one, four or five stars. French cheese also has a one-star smell, which is used on pizza.

Get out of the Buttermilk and continue south along the path. At the end of the walk is a high stacked stone rockery, turn east, there is a wall, and there is a door on the wall.

In the past, when the convenient door at the northeast corner was open, tourists walked here to enter the Garden of Harmonious Interests. On the other side of the door is the path between the rockery behind the round pavilion next to the Zhichun Hall. Last time I saw the bottle door at the other end of the path in the Garden of Harmony. The original Hanguang Cave in the Garden of Harmony may be in this area.

After seeing these unique secret passages in Jiqingxuan East Cross Courtyard, you still have to go back the same way. Go through the gap in the west corner of the main house and return to the backyard of Jiqingxuan, then return to the main room of Jiqingxuan, and go out from the vertical flower gate to the Garden of Harmony.

After the Qing dynasty was destroyed, Ji Qingxuan was rented out like other single-family houses in the Summer Palace in exchange for money for Puyi's expenses in the harem. Puyi was postponed, the Summer Palace was taken over by the national government, and non-military officials from Beiping City entered the garden one after another. He Siyuan, the mayor of Peiping at that time, occupied Jiqingxuan to escape the summer heat. He played a certain role in the peaceful liberation of Peiping. Coincidentally, He Siyuan's eldest daughter, He Luli, inherited her father's mantle and was also the mayor and deputy of Beijing.

When He Siyuan occupied Jiqingxuan, he also invited celebrities to stay here for summer vacation, and one of them was Shen Congwen. Shen Congwen and his family seemed to be living in the three value rooms next to the Bajiao Pavilion on the north corridor, and wrote a few posts in it, called "Miscellaneous Notes of Ji Qingxuan", which was much more exciting than mine. When Shen Congwen lived in Jiqingxuan, there were also tenants in the main room of Jiqingxuan, the wooden kang was still there, and now there is no trace.

During the period of the Republic of China, when Ji Qingxuan was rented out, the tenants showed their abilities in the yard. Although they didn't demolish the house and build a building, they still did their best to them and trampled them a lot. I walked down this road, and only saw three plaques. In the Qing Dynasty, there were only "Qingqin Gorge", "Military Aircraft Office" and "Betty Food Room", both within five years. Where have all the other plaques gone? It is said that the tenants of the Republic of China split the fire and used it. The three value rooms next to the octagonal pavilion where Shen Congwen lived were the dormitories for court ladies in the Qing Dynasty, and were converted into bathhouses in the early Republic of China.

After the People's Republic of China, the Beijing Municipal Government took over Jiqingxuan and used it as an internal sanatorium. The central sanatorium is in Beidaihe, which is authorized as a municipal sanatorium, and the district sanatorium is at the foot of Xiangshan Mountain. For this reason, facilities such as a boiler room and a canteen were built in Jiqingxuan. It is said that there is heating. I guess the heating efficiency will not be high, and it is better to escape the heat in summer. The convalescent guests go in and out through the convenient door in the northeast corner. Until the 1990s, Ji Qingxuan was handed over to the Summer Palace Management Office. People who have come here to recuperate can no longer enter the northeast corner through the door, which is very reconciled. Someone took over the nursing home for the five-guarantee households in the village opposite the Dayouzhuang intersection outside the door, and built a yard to live in. It was called Jiqingxuan Nursing Branch.

The Summer Palace is a large royal garden, with mountains and water, majestic atmosphere. The Garden of Harmonious Interest is an imitation of gardens in the south of the Yangtze River, exquisite and humorous. This Ji Qingxuan has been shrunk down again. Although it is a miniature version, it also uses various methods of setting up the scenery of classical Chinese gardens, and sees the true skills in the subtleties. The core of Jiqingxuan is the big natural stone slab, and there are high and low platforms around it, on which trees can be planted or houses can be built, so Laogan called Jiqingxuan "Shanxuan".

Various setting methods enclose Ji Qingxuan in a closed garden, and the chaos outside the garden is isolated, but this cannot be said to be "confined in a prison". Only after the trees are bald in winter, you can see the wilderness and white land outside the garden from the Sifang Pavilion in Dongling. Standing in front of the main house, there are hanging flower gates and courtyard walls to block the Garden of Harmony at the foot of the mountain from sight. Ji Qingxuan is a quiet and pleasant courtyard; The cliffs are clear and the sound of the piano is endless, the wind, the moon, the mountains, the forests, and the green and green birds are everywhere. Wouldn't it be nice to sit on the north porch, watch the mountain scenery, listen to the sound of the stream, and the east wind blowing gently? Take a small book and read two pages. No matter what the book talks about, you will be able to open your mind, won't you?

There are only water marks in Qingqin Gorge now, and it also had water in the first place. A stream of spring water spewed out from the cracks in the rocks in front of the back wing on the west peak, rushed down the folds of the stone slabs, slowed down in front of the north corridor, quietly passed under the north corridor and poked its head out in the east courtyard. This brook flows past the main building of the Dongkua courtyard, enters an underground river, crosses the road outside the east wall, and enters the only non-Summer Palace property around the Summer Palace that I mentioned in the first episode. hospital. This stream flows into an artificial lake in Zide Garden, which is used as a reservoir, and further to the east is the Xiyuan Water System. The current Xiyuan transportation hub used to be a large wetland, and it was connected to the Fuhai of the Old Summer Palace, including the lotus pond of the Dayuan Hotel on the way.

In the past half a day, I wandered around this Ji Qing Xuan. It is said that it was newly opened after the renovation, but it can be seen that the buildings inside have not been broken for maintenance. This is because although the courtyard has never been opened to the public, it has always been in use.

Yes, this Ji Qing Xuan is very elegant and unique, small and exquisite, it is worth seeing.

(According to the old post "A Spring Tour to the Summer Palace in Jiqingxuan")

(to be continued)