【Written before travel】

Beijing is the place I have longed for since I was a child.

I went to university in Tianjin, and I went to Beijing for almost every small holiday. I also spent Christmas in Beijing. I have checked in almost all the attractions in Beijing, but I still like the cultural atmosphere of Beijing. No matter how I go, I will never get tired of staying there!

To catch up with the 600th birthday of the Forbidden City in my lifetime, I began to wait and look forward to it a few years ago. From Dean Shan Jixiang to Dean Wang Xudong, to catch up with the epidemic, the original monthly special exhibition was also cancelled. Qingming Shanghe Tu" is of course invisible~

Fortunately, the epidemic situation improved in September this year, and the 600-year special exhibition of the Forbidden City—Danchen Yonggu was launched~

Make an appointment with a friend and walk into the Forbidden City for the 4th time~


Harbin - Beijing October 29, 2020 Z18 21:33—07:52

Beijing—Harbin November 2, 2020 CZ8964 19:00—21:15


Gone with the Wind HOME (Building 23, Xinghua Dongli, Dongcheng District)

This hotel is in a residential area, very quiet, very close to the subway, and there are big supermarkets around, very convenient.


A total of 2,500 yuan for eating, drinking and playing


The first day [October 30] Forbidden City - Guijie (Hu Da Restaurant)

The next day [October 31] National Museum - Dongjiaomin Lane - Four Seasons Minfu Roast Duck

The third day [November 1] Lama Temple (seven finds and eight turns) - Yuanmingyuan - Shichahai

The fourth day [November 2] Wangfujing Pingguo Bureau - Hamres Toy Store - Bubble Mart Store - Lego Toy Store

The first day [October 30] Forbidden City - Guijie (Hu Da Restaurant)

I took a train overnight last night and didn’t sleep well. I got off the train in the morning and had breakfast at McDonald’s and then went to the Forbidden City by subway. Now the security check is very strict. I didn’t enter Tiananmen Square until almost 10 o’clock. I booked tickets in advance on the official website of the Forbidden City. It also needs to be activated. Now the Forbidden City has a daily limit, and tickets must be reserved online at least 10 days in advance. If you buy it on the day, you will definitely not be able to buy it. I saw many people returning disappointed!

The Danchen Yonggu Special Exhibition is free. We bought tickets for the Forbidden City + Treasure Hall + Clock Hall for a total of 80 yuan (peak season). Tickets for the Forbidden City are considered to be very cheap in national attractions~

The Forbidden City in Beijing is the royal palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties in China. It used to be called the Forbidden City. It is located in the center of Beijing's central axis and is the essence of ancient Chinese palace architecture. It is one of the largest and best-preserved wooden structure ancient buildings in the world. The Forbidden City in Beijing is known as the top five palaces in the world (the Forbidden City in Beijing, the Palace of Versailles in France, Buckingham Palace in the United Kingdom, the White House in the United States, and the Kremlin in Russia).

The Forbidden City in Beijing started construction in the fourth year of Yongle (1406), Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty. It was built on the basis of the Forbidden City in Nanjing, and it was completed in the eighteenth year of Yongle (1420). It is a rectangular city, 961 meters long from north to south, 753 meters wide from east to west, surrounded by walls 10 meters high, and a moat 52 meters wide outside the city. The buildings in the Forbidden City are divided into two parts: the outer court and the inner court. The center of the Outer Dynasty is the Hall of Supreme Harmony, the Hall of Central Harmony, and the Hall of Preserving Harmony, collectively referred to as the Three Great Halls, where the state holds grand ceremonies. The center of the inner court is Qianqing Palace, Jiaotai Palace, and Kunning Palace, collectively referred to as the Housan Palace, which is the main palace where the emperor and empress live.

In the Wenchuang Store, I dismantled the Ruishou blind box with my friends

The Forbidden City has a lot of little girls in clear clothes taking pictures, which is also a scene~

2020 coincides with the 600th anniversary of the completion of the Forbidden City. The Palace Museum launched the Danchen Yonggu Exhibition (September 10-November 15, 2020), introducing the planning, layout and architecture of the Forbidden City by three themes and 18 historical nodes , court life, and an overview of building repair and protection, so that the audience can understand the history and culture that runs through the "time" and "space" of the Forbidden City, feel the highest state of the perfect combination of palace architectural technology and art, and feel the infinite charm of China's excellent traditional culture. This special exhibition is on the Meridian Gate and the East and West Yanchi Building. It is the first time to visit the Meridian Gate, and I am quite excited~

Unit 1 - Miyagi as a whole

The color of the space is beige, which highlights the three-dimensional effect of the stone components of the Ming Dynasty. With a large number of illustrations and calligraphy and painting exhibits, it tells the construction concept and construction engineering skills of the palace city in the Ming Dynasty. Through three historical nodes, it tells the prelude and completion of the construction of the Beijing Imperial Palace and the changes in the layout of the Forbidden City in the Ming Dynasty.

The second unit - tolerance is great

The color of the space is red, highlighting the magnificence and exquisiteness of the palace buildings and inner eaves decorations of the Forbidden City in the Qing Dynasty, and at the same time telling the changes in the architectural pattern and style of the Forbidden City in various periods of the Qing Dynasty. Through 8 historical nodes, it tells the story of ten emperors in the Qing Dynasty who rebuilt or reconstructed the buildings of the Forbidden City in order to meet their needs for governance, sleeping and other functions, forming the basic pattern of the Forbidden City today. The cultural relics on display reflect the fusion of ancient Chinese multi-ethnic cultures and the wisdom of the working people. This unit is the most beautiful, and the crowded place is definitely a treasure~

Mink fur golden phoenix inlaid jewelry empress winter crown, worn by empresses of the Qing Dynasty when they were married

Jin Ou Yonggu cup inlaid with gold beads and stones (the second year of Jiaqing in the Qing Dynasty), every year at midnight on New Year's Day, the emperor used this cup to drink Tusu wine in the Hall of Mental Cultivation, and then wrote auspicious words.

Bright Yellow Satin Embroidered Rattan Pin Shirt

white jade bowl

Qingyu Jiaolongniu "Treasure of Xianfeng Imperial Brush"

In the south of Fuwang Pavilion, gold and silver lacquer gauze is painted across the center of the window. The thickness of this lacquer gauze is almost a sheet of paper, but it is composed of yarn core layer, paper pattern layer, gold paste layer, primer layer, smudge layer and hook line. Layer consists of 6 layers.
This screen window was originally used in the place where Qianlong lived after retirement. The pattern on the front and back is the same, a total of 11 layers, the thickness of the paper. Can transmit light. This kind of craftsmanship is used as a screen window in the Forbidden City. Many of the techniques have not been cracked so far, and this cultural relic may become a swan song when it is shown for the first time, and it will never be exhibited again.

The red sandalwood border in the west room of Fuwang Pavilion is embedded with a hundred treasures on the edge of the Kang.

Chiseled Bronze Gilt Kang Edge Panel with Red Sandalwood Border in the East Room of Fuwang Pavilion

Emperor Yongzheng's imperial pen "Diligence in Administration and Prosperity" Plaque

Just look at the color and you can tell it was from the Yongzheng period~

Forbidden City Beast

Unit 3 - Endless Life

The color of the space is green, which is intended to represent the vigorous and prosperous development scene of the Palace Museum after its establishment. Through 7 historical nodes, it tells about the southward relocation of cultural relics of the Forbidden City and the surveying and mapping of central axis buildings after the former Imperial Palace became a museum. A large number of old photos, images, historical archives and physical exhibits present the achievements and development process of the Palace Museum in all aspects since its establishment.

The earliest Forbidden City calendar

From the Meridian Gate, you can see popsicle sellers, buy two to take pictures

Forbidden City Ridgebeast Ice Cream

Of course, the Watch Fair and the Treasure Hall will also go. I thought that the exhibits in these two halls would remain the same, but this time the discovery is really constantly updated.

These bonsai are really beautiful

After visiting the Treasure Hall, you can stroll casually in the Forbidden City. Just in time for the autumn in Beijing, the ginkgo trees are all yellow. I accidentally hit and walked to Yanxi Palace, the most beautiful place for ginkgo in the entire Forbidden City~

Come out at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, hungry, but you can't miss the sunset at the turret

In the evening, go to Huda on Guijie Street to eat crayfish. The crayfish is average, but the spicy chicken is really amazing. You must go early when you go to Huda, otherwise the queue will be enough

The next day [October 31] National Museum - Dongjiaomin Lane - Four Seasons Minfu Roast Duck

The relationship with the National Museum is also very deep. When I was in college, the National Museum has been renovating. It opened when I graduated. Unfortunately, it was just the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. It was a red exhibition. I went to Beijing to catch up with the closure. This time I finally checked it out. , the National Expo is as usual, and finally saw the National Expo style after ten years of graduation~

The National Museum of China is the largest comprehensive museum in the country, which gathers the essence of culture from all over the country. There are many precious exhibits here, such as the terracotta warriors and horses of Shaanxi, the Sanxingdui masks of Sichuan, and the animal heads of the Old Summer Palace. Tickets need to be reserved at least one day in advance, free of charge, and remember to close on Mondays.

The museum is divided into five floors, with a total of 48 exhibition halls. The area of ​​the exhibition halls is very large, and there are many exhibits. It will take at least one day to take a closer look at the entire National Museum, focusing on "Ancient China" and the bronze exhibition.

"Ancient China": Traveling through ancient and modern millennia

After entering the museum, go straight to the "Ancient China" exhibition hall on the basement floor. The exhibits here are arranged in order from ancient times to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, like a general history of China. When visiting, remember to enter from the entrance of the preface hall on the north side of the exhibition hall, so that you can browse sequentially from ancient times, otherwise you should "travel" back from the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Even if you don’t know much about cultural relics here, you will definitely see many familiar cultural relics, such as: painted pottery basin with human face and fish pattern, Yangshao eagle-shaped pottery tripod, Hongshan culture jade dragon, drumming and rap pottery figurines, Zhou Zhou sheep square statue, The terracotta warriors and horses of the Western Han Dynasty, the colored pots of Chenghua Dou, and the phoenix crown of the Empress Dowager Wanli of the Ming Dynasty, etc., are so exquisite that they can be called the essence of Chinese civilization and are very eye-catching.

Bronze Exhibition: Appreciate the Bronze Age

After coming out of "Ancient China", take the elevator to the exhibition hall of "Ancient Chinese Bronze Art" located in the central hall on the third floor. The tripods in the bronze exhibition are also one of the highlights of the museum, especially the Simuwu Ding, the Yuan Ding and the Zilong Ding, And the big Yu Ding with nearly 300 characters on the inner wall, thick and exquisite, and the outstanding works of my country's Bronze Age are concentrated here.

Stepmother Wu Ding (Shang), this needs no introduction, it is like a thunderbolt

"Fuhao" bronze puppet Fang Yi (Shang), unearthed from the famous Fuhao Tomb in Yin Ruins, Anyang

"Fuhao" Bronze Owl Zun


Jade Phoenix

Bronze gui cover (week)

Bronze mask (Shang), unearthed from Sanxingdui

bronze head

Siyang Square Zun (Business)

Bronze Gang Lamp with Painted Goose Fish (Western Han Dynasty)

The 釭 refers to the smoke guide tube, and the 釭 lamp is a lamp with a smoke guide tube, which is a new kind of lamp created in the Han Dynasty.

The whole lantern is in the shape of a swan goose looking back and holding a fish. It is composed of four parts: a goose holding a fish, a goose body, a lamp panel and a lampshade. The goose has a slender neck, and holds a fish in its head. The goose has a fat body, with wings cast on both sides of its body, a short tail upturned, and two feet standing side by side. The lamp panel has a handle and is located on the back of the goose. The lampshade is two curved plates. The lamp panel and lampshade can be turned and opened to adjust the wind and light. The fish body, the goose neck and the goose body are hollow, which can hold smoke and dust. All parts are detachable for cleaning. The conception and design are exquisite and reasonable, achieving the perfect unity of function and form. , is a rare art treasure

Bronze rhinoceros statue with mixed gold and silver cloud pattern (Western Han Dynasty)

This bronze statue is in the shape of a rhinoceros. The rhinoceros stands tall, with well-developed muscles, accurate proportions, and a vigorous body. It is the image of the Sumatran rhinoceros that lived in China in ancient times.

This statue is in the shape of a rhinoceros. The rhinoceros stands with its head held high. It has a fat body, short and thick legs, thick and wrinkled skin, two sharp horns, and black beads embedded in its eyes. The belly is hollow and used to hold wine. There is an oval mouth on the back of the statue, and there is a cover on the mouth. There is a round tube-shaped "flow" on the right side of the rhino mouth.

In ancient times, China not only produced rhinos, but also in large numbers. Rhinoceros bones have been found many times in Neolithic sites, and the oracle bone inscriptions of the Yin and Shang Dynasties have records of burning forests to hunt rhinoceros. Due to large-scale hunting, rhinoceros, a wild animal with a low reproductive rate, has rapidly declined in the north, and it has become extinct in the Guanzhong area at the latest in the late Western Han Dynasty.

Portrait Brick of Guanjue (Eastern Han Dynasty)

Drumming and Rap Figurines (Eastern Han Dynasty)

The drumming and singing pottery figurines of the Eastern Han Dynasty are 56 cm high and made of muddy gray pottery. The original paintings on the figurines have fallen off. The terracotta figurine wears a headband, a round flat drum under the left arm, and a straight right arm, holding a drumstick in his hand to strike. There are necklace beads on both arms. The upper body of the terracotta figurine is naked, and the bottom is wearing trousers; the body is bent, squatting on the ground, barefoot, the right leg is raised, the sole of the foot is upward, the mouth is open, the teeth are showing, and the eyes are squinted, showing a lively, humorous and honest attitude. The movements are exaggerated, vividly like a comedian The image that is rapping.

"The Seal of the King of Dian" Gold Seal (Western Han Dynasty)

Hanging Bronze Spear (Western Han Dynasty), which has national characteristics and is a bronze weapon used by the Yunnan people for honor guards

Cowhide boots (Western Han Dynasty), unearthed from the Loulan site in Lop Nur, Xinjiang

Qian Liu Iron Coupon (Tang Dynasty)

Qian Liu (Liú) iron certificate is a gold book iron certificate given by Emperor Zhaozong of Tang Dynasty to reward Qian Liu, king of Pengcheng County, for pacifying Dong Chang for rebelling against Tang Dynasty and proclaiming himself emperor. Qian Liu (Liú) was the founding king of the Wuyue Kingdom in the Five Dynasties. In the third year of Tang Qianning (896 A.D.), Dong Chang rebelled against Tang and proclaimed himself emperor. After persuading him to surrender to no avail, Qian Liu pacified Dong Chang. In the fourth year of Tang Qianning (897 A.D.), Emperor Zhaozong of Tang Dynasty bestowed 333 regular script gold characters embedded on the "Golden Book Iron Coupon" (commonly known as the gold medal for avoiding death): "...you will be spared nine deaths, and your descendants will be spared three deaths. If you commit an ordinary punishment, you will not be punished." Responsibility..."

People in the world vividly call this iron coupon "the card for avoiding death" and "the card for life and death".

Empress Xiaoduan’s phoenix crown (Ming Wanli) was unearthed in the Ming Tombs——Dingling

Huang Taiji Dispatch Letter Plaque Qing Dynasty

Old Summer Palace Shop Head Late Qing Dynasty

"Emperor's Treasure" Yuxi (Qing) One of the twenty-five treasures appointed by Qianlong

Dalong stamp, the earliest stamp issued in China in 1878

Collected Records of Washing Injustices Southern Song Dynasty by Song Ci

my country's first forensic book, 300 years earlier than Europe

Mengxi Bi Tan, Northern Song Dynasty, written by Shen Kuo

Nine Chapters of Mathematics Southern Song Dynasty by Qin Jiushao

The Romance of the Three Kingdoms Ming Dynasty by Luo Guanzhong

Heavenly Creation of Things by Song Yingxing in the Ming Dynasty

Bitter cold post, Southern Song Dynasty, Lu Youshu

Yongle Dadian Ming Dynasty

Nandu fanhui map Ming

The National Expo is too big, and after turning it around, the legs are basically useless. I want to go to the nearby Dongjiaomin Lane.

With a total length of nearly 1.6 kilometers, Dongjiaomin Lane is the longest alley in old Beijing. After 1860, it became the embassy district, and embassies of various countries, foreign banks, post offices, hospitals, etc. have settled in.

The alley is quite quiet, we even rode bicycles

I bought beef biscuits from Aunt Long’s house on the side of the road

In the evening, a family of college classmates came to invite us to eat roast duck and chat about college time. I really feel that ten years are fleeting.

The third day [November 1] Lama Temple (Qixun Baguai Hutong dishes) - Yuanmingyuan - Shichahai
Early this morning, I went to the Lama Temple (25 yuan free of charge) to burn incense. The Lama Temple is a rare royal temple of the Gelug Sect (Yellow Sect) of Tibetan Buddhism in Beijing. ) residence, the birthplace of Emperor Qianlong. Later, it was changed to a Yellow Sect temple, and the incense was very prosperous. There are many precious ancient buildings and cultural relics in the temple, which are worth visiting.

There are many Buddha statues, thangkas and a large number of precious cultural relics in the halls of the temple. Among them, the Five Hundred Arhat Mountains carved with red sandalwood, the large Buddhist altar carved with golden nanmu and the 18-meter-high white sandalwood Buddha are the three wonders of the Lama Temple's woodcarving craftsmanship. The Maitreya Buddha in the Wanfu Pavilion is the most famous. It is 18 meters above the ground and 8 meters buried underground. It is carved from a complete white sandalwood tree. The tree originated from Nepal and was dedicated to Emperor Qianlong

The persimmon trees in the temple are ripe

There are also ginkgo trees on the road to Lama Temple, Beijing's autumn is so beautiful

At noon, I ate at the small restaurant in Xilou Hutong. I ordered the special chicken popping, which is sweet and sour shrimp and chicken.

In the afternoon, I arranged to go to the Old Summer Palace. Tickets booked in advance are 25 yuan.

The Old Summer Palace is a famous royal garden in the Qing Dynasty. It consists of three areas: the Old Summer Palace, the Changchun Garden and the Yichun Garden.

The Old Summer Palace was first built in 1709 (the 48th year of Kangxi). It was a garden given by Kangxi to Yongzheng who had not yet ascended the throne, and was used to pass the time. After Yongzheng ascended the throne in 1722, the original gift garden was expanded, and Zhengda Guangming Hall and Qinzheng Hall were added to the south of the garden, as well as storage rooms for the Cabinet, Six Ministries, and Military Aircraft Department, so as to "avoid noise and listen to politics". During the reign of Qianlong, the Old Summer Palace was partially added and rebuilt. The Changchun Garden was newly built in the east, and the Wanchun Garden was merged into the southeast. The pattern of the three gardens in the Old Summer Palace was basically formed. During the Jiaqing period, Qichun Garden was repaired and expanded, and became one of the main places to live in the garden.

There is a section of Ginkgo Avenue from the gate of Yuanmingyuan to the Western Building, and there are many people taking pictures

The Old Summer Palace was burned down by the British and French allied forces in 1860. According to rough statistics, about 1.5 million pieces of cultural relics were plundered, ranging from bronze ritual vessels from the pre-Qin period to celebrity calligraphy and paintings from the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties, as well as various oddities. rare treasures. In 1900, the Eight-Power Allied Forces invaded and occupied Beijing, and the royal garden in the western suburbs suffered another catastrophe.

The Western Building is located in the north of the Changchun Garden. It is the first imitation of a European-style garden in my country. It is composed of more than ten Western-style buildings and courtyards, such as Fashan and Xianfahua. The building materials are mostly white marble, the stone surface is finely carved, and the roof is covered with glazed tiles.

The Western Building was designed and supervised by Italian missionary Castiglione Castiglione, a missionary from the West, and Jiang Youren, a French Jesuit missionary who worked at the Ruyi Pavilion of the Imperial Academy of Painting, and was built by Chinese craftsmen.

Haiyan Hall, the word "Haiyan" means "the river is clear and the sea is peaceful, the country is peaceful and the people are safe". On the left and right of the pool, there are bronze statues of human bodies and animal heads of the twelve Chinese zodiac signs (bronze statues of animal heads in Yuanmingyuan) arranged in the shape of "eight". At twelve hours a day and night, the twelve zodiac signs spray water in turn. At noon, the twelve bronze statues spray spring water at the same time. These bronze statues were designed by Westerners and made in China. bell".

flood law

You can get explanations along the way. Of course, it would be good to watch the Yuanmingyuan documentary before coming.

I had dinner at Shichahai in the evening, and I went shopping and bought Zhang Yiyuan jasmine tea

The fourth day [November 2] Wangfujing Pingguo Bureau - Hamres Toy Store - Bubble Mart Store - Lego Toy Store
I'm going back to Kazakhstan in the afternoon, so I won't arrange any attractions in the morning, let's go shopping casually

This "Old Beijing City" in the Wangfujing Department Store has big blue brick narrow alleys, honeycomb coal, small horses, green trains, big theaters, photo studios, and advertising paintings from the last century... a strong sense of time hits the face come.

Hamlets is the oldest toy store in the UK. It was founded in 1760 and has a history of more than 250 years. Now it has finally "settled" in Beijing.

Checked in at the Bubble Mart store in Beijing, and smoked 2 blind boxes, and Beijing didn’t make me feel more European

I found a Lego store nearby and saw Harry Potter Castle

Flying at Daxing Airport in the afternoon, I finally saw the legendary Daxing Airport. There is an intercity (35 yuan) in the city directly to the airport, which is very convenient.

Beijing is a city I want to go to again and again. Universal Studios will open next year, so it must be arranged~